Abstract

A dielectric subwavelength resonant waveguide grating was designed and fabricated in order to enhance fluorescence of biomolecules. More than 80 times higher laser-induced fluorescence yield was observed from enhanced green fluorescence protein on the structure when compared to same material on a flat surface.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Tawa, H. Hori, K. Kintaka, K. Kiyosue, Y. Tatsu, and J. Nishii, "Optical microscopic observation of fluorescence enhanced by grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Express 16, 9781-9790 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-13-9781.
    [CrossRef]
  2. F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).
  3. J. Zhang and J. R. Lakowicz, "Metal-enhanced fluorescence of an organic fluorophore using gold particles," Opt. Express 15, 2598-2606 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2598.
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, and B. T. Cunningham, "Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface," Nature Nanotech. 2, 515-520 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. C. Mathias, N. Ganesh, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Combined enhanced fluorescence and label-free biomolecular detection with a photonic crystal surface," Appl. Opt. 46, 2351-2360 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-12-2351.
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. S. Wang and R. Magnusson, "Theory and applications of guided-mode resonance filters," Appl. Opt. 32, 2606-2613 (1993), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-32-14-2606.
  7. T. Vallius, P. Vahimaa, and J. Turunen, "Pulse deformations at guided-mode resonance filters," Opt. Express 10, 840-843 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-16-840.
  8. M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Saarinen, E. Noponen, and J. Turunen, "Guided-mode resonance filters of finite aperture," Opt. Eng. 34, 2560-2566 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yih, Y. Chu, Y. Mao, W. Wang, F. Chien, C. Lin, K. Lee, P. Wei, and S. Chen, "Optical waveguide biosensors constructed with subwavelength gratings," Appl. Opt. 45, 1938-1942 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-9-1938.
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Turunen, "Diffraction theory of microrelief gratings," in Micro-optics: Elements, Systems and Applications, ed. H.P. Herzig, (Taylor & Fracis, London, 1997)
  14. P. Rai-Choudhury, Handbook of Microlithography, Micromachining, and Microfabrication: Volume 1: Microlithography, (SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1997)

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

J. Zhang and J. R. Lakowicz, "Metal-enhanced fluorescence of an organic fluorophore using gold particles," Opt. Express 15, 2598-2606 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2598.
[CrossRef]

P. C. Mathias, N. Ganesh, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Combined enhanced fluorescence and label-free biomolecular detection with a photonic crystal surface," Appl. Opt. 46, 2351-2360 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-12-2351.
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, and B. T. Cunningham, "Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface," Nature Nanotech. 2, 515-520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

J. Yih, Y. Chu, Y. Mao, W. Wang, F. Chien, C. Lin, K. Lee, P. Wei, and S. Chen, "Optical waveguide biosensors constructed with subwavelength gratings," Appl. Opt. 45, 1938-1942 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-9-1938.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

T. Vallius, P. Vahimaa, and J. Turunen, "Pulse deformations at guided-mode resonance filters," Opt. Express 10, 840-843 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-16-840.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. Saarinen, E. Noponen, and J. Turunen, "Guided-mode resonance filters of finite aperture," Opt. Eng. 34, 2560-2566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Chan, L. L.

Chang, C.-W.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Chen, S.

Chen, S.-J.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Chien, F.

Chien, F.-C.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Chu, Y.

Cunningham, B.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, B. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, and B. T. Cunningham, "Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface," Nature Nanotech. 2, 515-520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Mathias, N. Ganesh, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, "Combined enhanced fluorescence and label-free biomolecular detection with a photonic crystal surface," Appl. Opt. 46, 2351-2360 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-12-2351.
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ganesh, N.

Gerstenmaier, J.

P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hori, H.

Karvinen, P.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kauranen, M.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kintaka, K.

Kiyosue, K.

Kuittinen, M.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

Lee, K.

Lee, K.-L.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Leivo, S.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, P. Y.

P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.

P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

Lin, C.-Y.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Magnusson, R.

Mao, Y.

Mathias, P. C.

Nishii, J.

Noponen, E.

J. Saarinen, E. Noponen, and J. Turunen, "Guided-mode resonance filters of finite aperture," Opt. Eng. 34, 2560-2566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pepper, J.

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saarinen, J.

J. Saarinen, E. Noponen, and J. Turunen, "Guided-mode resonance filters of finite aperture," Opt. Eng. 34, 2560-2566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Siltanen, M.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tatsu, Y.

Tawa, K.

Turunen, J.

Vahimaa, P.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallius, P. Vahimaa, and J. Turunen, "Pulse deformations at guided-mode resonance filters," Opt. Express 10, 840-843 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-16-840.

Vallius, T.

Voima, P.

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

Wang, W.

Wei, P.

Wei, P.-K.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Yih, J.

Yih, J.-N.

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Zhang, J.

Zhang, W.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, and B. T. Cunningham, "Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface," Nature Nanotech. 2, 515-520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, "Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature Nanotechnology (1)

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, and B. T. Cunningham, "Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface," Nature Nanotech. 2, 515-520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Saarinen, E. Noponen, and J. Turunen, "Guided-mode resonance filters of finite aperture," Opt. Eng. 34, 2560-2566 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

F.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Lin, J.-N. Yih, K.-L. Lee, C.-W. Chang, P.-K. Wei, and S.-J. Chen, "Plasmon-enhanced optical waveguide biosensors constructed with sub-wavelength gold grating," Proc. SPIE 6323, 63230M (2006).

Sens. Actuators B (2)

B. Cunningham, P. Li, B. Lin, and J. Pepper, "Colorimetric resonant reflection as a direct biochemical assay technique," Sens. Actuators B 81, 316-328 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Li, B. Lin, J. Gerstenmaier, and B. T. Cunningham, "A new method for label-free imaging of biomolecular interactions," Sens. Actuators B 996-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Turunen, "Diffraction theory of microrelief gratings," in Micro-optics: Elements, Systems and Applications, ed. H.P. Herzig, (Taylor & Fracis, London, 1997)

P. Rai-Choudhury, Handbook of Microlithography, Micromachining, and Microfabrication: Volume 1: Microlithography, (SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1997)

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