Abstract

A novel method for independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic dispersion (CD), first-order PMD and OSNR in 40Gbit/s systems is proposed and demonstrated. This is performed using in-band tone monitoring of 5GHz, optically down-converted to a low intermediate-frequency (IF) of 10kHz. The measurement provides a large monitoring range with good accuracies for CD (4742±100ps/nm), differential group delay (DGD) (200±4ps) and OSNR (23±1dB), independently of the bit-rate. In addition, the use of electro-absorption modulators (EAM) for the simultaneous down-conversion of all channels and the use of low-speed detectors makes it cost effective for multi-channel operation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical Performance Monitoring in Reconfigurable WDM Optical Networks Using Subcarrier Multiplexing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1639-1648 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Liu, W. D. Zhong, Y. Jing, and Z. Li, "New transmitter configuration for subcarrier multiplexed DPSK systems and its applications to chromatic dispersion monitoring," Opt. Express 15, 839-844 (2007).
    [PubMed]
  5. K. J. Park, J. H. lee, C. J. Youn, and Y. C. Chung, "A simultaneous monitoring technique for polarization-mode dispersion and group velocity dispersion," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2002 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WE4.
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Fu and R. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Li and G. Li, "In-service monitoring of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion for RZ-DPSK signal based on asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWK3.
  8. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic, 2007).
  9. H. Kogelnik and R. M. Jopson, Optical fiber telecommunications systems IV-B (Academic, 2002).
  10. C. Xie and L. Moller, "Comparison of different feedback signals for one-stage polarization-mode-dispersion compensators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 570-572 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, W. D. Zhong, Y. Jing, and Z. Li, "New transmitter configuration for subcarrier multiplexed DPSK systems and its applications to chromatic dispersion monitoring," Opt. Express 15, 839-844 (2007).
[PubMed]

2005 (2)

B. Fu and R. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie and L. Moller, "Comparison of different feedback signals for one-stage polarization-mode-dispersion compensators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 570-572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical Performance Monitoring in Reconfigurable WDM Optical Networks Using Subcarrier Multiplexing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1639-1648 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bach, R.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical Performance Monitoring in Reconfigurable WDM Optical Networks Using Subcarrier Multiplexing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1639-1648 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dimmick, T. E.

G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical Performance Monitoring in Reconfigurable WDM Optical Networks Using Subcarrier Multiplexing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1639-1648 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, D.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fu, B.

B. Fu and R. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R.

B. Fu and R. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jing, Y.

Kashyap, R.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Landosli, T.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Liu, N.

Lizé, Y. K.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moller, L.

C. Xie and L. Moller, "Comparison of different feedback signals for one-stage polarization-mode-dispersion compensators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 570-572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nuccio, S.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ostar, L.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Preiss, M.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, G.

G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical Performance Monitoring in Reconfigurable WDM Optical Networks Using Subcarrier Multiplexing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1639-1648 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saghari, P.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

C. Xie and L. Moller, "Comparison of different feedback signals for one-stage polarization-mode-dispersion compensators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 570-572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, W. D.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landosli, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical Performance Monitoring," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical Performance Monitoring in Reconfigurable WDM Optical Networks Using Subcarrier Multiplexing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1639-1648 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, P. Saghari, S. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, "Independent and simultaneous monitoring of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion in OOK and DPSK transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 3-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu and R. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie and L. Moller, "Comparison of different feedback signals for one-stage polarization-mode-dispersion compensators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 570-572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

Z. Li and G. Li, "In-service monitoring of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion for RZ-DPSK signal based on asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWK3.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic, 2007).

H. Kogelnik and R. M. Jopson, Optical fiber telecommunications systems IV-B (Academic, 2002).

K. J. Park, J. H. lee, C. J. Youn, and Y. C. Chung, "A simultaneous monitoring technique for polarization-mode dispersion and group velocity dispersion," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2002 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WE4.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of the spectral analysis method after optical frequency down-conversion.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the 40Gbit/s multi-channel CD, DGD and OSNR monitoring system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) CD monitoring range (DGD=0ps) and CD impact on DGD measurements. (DGD=100ps), (b) DGD monitoring range (CD=0ps/nm,).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) OSNR monitoring range (CD=0ps/nm, DGD=0ps), (b) OSNR impact on CD and DGD measurements.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

WDM crosstalk effect on (a) CD and DGD measurement, (b) OSNR measurement.

Equations (2)

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C D = 1 ( 2 π ) 3 c λ S S B 2 1 f S S B 2 ( φ U φ L )
Δ τ = 1 2 π 1 f S S B ( φ F φ S )

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