Abstract

In the present work we report on the growth, spectroscopy and laser results of diode pumped Pr-doped LiYF4, LiLuF4 and LiGdF4 fluoride, scheelite-type structure crystals. We measured the polarisation dependent absorption and emission properties as well as the decay time of the 3P0 level. Exploiting the 3P2 absorption around 444 nm, we obtained efficient laser emission under GaN laser diode pumping on several transitions from the green to the near infrared wavelength range.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
  2. A. A. Kaminskii, "Visible lasing on five intermultiplet transitions of the ion Pr3+:LiYF4," Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 668 (1983).
  3. N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. ??zen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, "Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3282-3287 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Cornacchia, A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, "Visible laser emission of solid state pumped LiLuF4:Pr3+," Opt. Express 15, 992-1002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Ostroumov, and W. Seelert, "Power scaling of semiconductor laser pumped Praseodymium-lasers," Opt. Express 15, 5172-5178 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, "Diode pumping of a continuous wave Pr3+ doped LiYF4 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2638-2640 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, "Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 1462-1464 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. B. H. Chai, J. Lefaucheur, and A. Pham, "Growth of Nd:GdLiF4 single crystals," Proc. SPIE Vol. 1863, Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B.H. Chai Ed., 9-12 (1993).
  16. A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser Crystals. Their Physics and Properties," 2nd edition, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg (1990).
  17. A. Richter, "Laser parameters and performance of Pr3+-doped fluorides operating in the visible spectral region," Ph.D. Thesis, University of Hamburg, Cuvillier Verlag, Göttingen (2008).
  18. M. Fechner, N.-O. Hansen, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber "A compact continuous wave solid-state laser at 320 nm," EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference, Talk FroA.1, Paris (2008).

2007

2006

2005

G. ??zen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

1996

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983

A. A. Kaminskii, "Visible lasing on five intermultiplet transitions of the ion Pr3+:LiYF4," Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 668 (1983).

1966

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

??zen, G.

G. ??zen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Agladze, N. I.

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bengoechea, J.

Bleckmann, A.

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

Chai, B. H. T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, "Visible laser emission of solid state pumped LiLuF4:Pr3+," Opt. Express 15, 992-1002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danger, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Di Bartolo, B.

G. ??zen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

Doualan, J. L.

Egorov, V. J.

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Forte, O.

G. ??zen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Ostroumov, and W. Seelert, "Power scaling of semiconductor laser pumped Praseodymium-lasers," Opt. Express 15, 5172-5178 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Cornacchia, A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, "Visible laser emission of solid state pumped LiLuF4:Pr3+," Opt. Express 15, 992-1002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, "Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3282-3287 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, "Diode pumping of a continuous wave Pr3+ doped LiYF4 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2638-2640 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, "Visible lasing on five intermultiplet transitions of the ion Pr3+:LiYF4," Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 668 (1983).

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

Osiac, E.

Ostroumov, V.

Parisi, D.

Pavel, N.

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petrova, M. A.

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popova, M. N.

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Richter, A.

Sandrock, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).

Seelert, W.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shinkevich, A. S.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Simura, R.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, "Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3282-3287 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tonelli, M.

Weichmann, U.

Yoshikawa, A.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhizhin, G. N.

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. ??zen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, R. Simura, A. Yoshikawa, and T. Fukuda, "Spectroscopic properties of Y3Sc2Al3O12 (YSAG) single crystals grown by ?-PD technique," Opt. Mater. 30, 135-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. I. Agladze, M. N. Popova, G. N. Zhizhin, V. J. Egorov, and M. A. Petrova, "Isotope structure in optical spectra of LiYF4:Ho3+," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 477-480 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Dokl.

A. A. Kaminskii, "Visible lasing on five intermultiplet transitions of the ion Pr3+:LiYF4," Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 668 (1983).

Other

B. H. Chai, J. Lefaucheur, and A. Pham, "Growth of Nd:GdLiF4 single crystals," Proc. SPIE Vol. 1863, Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B.H. Chai Ed., 9-12 (1993).

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser Crystals. Their Physics and Properties," 2nd edition, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg (1990).

A. Richter, "Laser parameters and performance of Pr3+-doped fluorides operating in the visible spectral region," Ph.D. Thesis, University of Hamburg, Cuvillier Verlag, Göttingen (2008).

M. Fechner, N.-O. Hansen, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber "A compact continuous wave solid-state laser at 320 nm," EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference, Talk FroA.1, Paris (2008).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Room temperature polarized absorption spectra of GLF:Pr (0.2%).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Room temperature polarized emission spectra of GLF:Pr (0.2%) (λ p =457.9 nm).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Picture of the laser set-up. 1 indicates the input coupling mirror, 2 is the plane folding mirror and 3 is the output coupler.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Best results for the samples under investigation for the 3P03F2 transition.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Best results for the samples under investigation for the 3P03F4 transition.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Best results for the samples under investigation for the 3P03H6 transition.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Best results for the GLF and YLF samples for the 3P13H5 transition.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Relevant parameters of the crystals under investigation.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Absorption coefficients and linewidths of Pr3+-transitions in the blue wavelength region.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Emission wavelengths and cross-sections of Pr3+ in LLF, YLF and GLF at the lasing wavelengths.

Tables Icon

Table 4. Summary of the laser results for the 3P03F2 (≈640 nm) transition for the three samples.

Metrics