Abstract

We present a system which uses a single spatial light modulator to control the spin angular momentum of multiple optical traps. These traps may be independently controlled both in terms of spatial location and in terms of their spin angular momentum content. The system relies on a spatial light modulator used in a “split-screen” configuration to generate beams of orthogonal polarisation states which are subsequently combined at a polarising beam splitter. Defining the phase difference between the beams with the spatial light modulator enables control of the polarisation state of the light. We demonstrate the functionality of the system by controlling the rotation and orientation of birefringent vaterite crystals within holographic optical tweezers.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, "Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles," Opt. Lett. 11, 288-290 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).
  3. D. Grier, "Optical tweezers in colloid and interface science," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 2, 264-270 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Scrimgeour, E. Eriksson, and M. Goksor, "Laser surgery and optical trapping in a laser scanning microscope," Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues 82, 629-646 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Visscher, G. J. Brakenhoff, and J. J. Krol, "Micromanipulation by multiple optical traps created by a single fast scanning trap integrated with the bilateral confocal scanning laser microscope," Cytometry 14, 105-114 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Roichman and D. Grier, "Holographic assembly of quasicrystalline photonic heterostructures," Opt. Express 13, 5434-5439 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, "Optical trapping and rotational manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells," Electron. Lett. 27, 831-1832 (1991).
  15. A. O'Neil and M. J. Padgett, "Rotational control within optical tweezers by use of a rotating aperture," Opt.Lett 27, 743-745 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, "Light's Orbital Angular Momentum," Phys. Today 57, 35-40 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Ladavac and D. Grier, "Microoptomechanical pumps assembled and driven by holographic optical vortex arrays," Opt. Express 12, 1144-1149 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Holographic optical tweezers for object manipulations at an air-liquid surface," Opt. Express 14, 6342-6352 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  26. G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

2007

J. Scrimgeour, E. Eriksson, and M. Goksor, "Laser surgery and optical trapping in a laser scanning microscope," Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues 82, 629-646 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Holographic optical tweezers for object manipulations at an air-liquid surface," Opt. Express 14, 6342-6352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).

Y. Roichman and D. Grier, "Holographic assembly of quasicrystalline photonic heterostructures," Opt. Express 13, 5434-5439 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, "Light's Orbital Angular Momentum," Phys. Today 57, 35-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Ladavac and D. Grier, "Microoptomechanical pumps assembled and driven by holographic optical vortex arrays," Opt. Express 12, 1144-1149 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. O'Neil and M. J. Padgett, "Rotational control within optical tweezers by use of a rotating aperture," Opt.Lett 27, 743-745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Grier, "Optical tweezers in colloid and interface science," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 2, 264-270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

K. Visscher, G. J. Brakenhoff, and J. J. Krol, "Micromanipulation by multiple optical traps created by a single fast scanning trap integrated with the bilateral confocal scanning laser microscope," Cytometry 14, 105-114 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, "Optical trapping and rotational manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells," Electron. Lett. 27, 831-1832 (1991).

1986

Allen, L.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, "Light's Orbital Angular Momentum," Phys. Today 57, 35-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arlt, J.

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashkin, A.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernet, S.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Holographic optical tweezers for object manipulations at an air-liquid surface," Opt. Express 14, 6342-6352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bingelyte, V.

V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bishop, A. I.

A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Brakenhoff, G. J.

K. Visscher, G. J. Brakenhoff, and J. J. Krol, "Micromanipulation by multiple optical traps created by a single fast scanning trap integrated with the bilateral confocal scanning laser microscope," Cytometry 14, 105-114 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bryant, P.

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

Cooper, J.

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Courtial, J.

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, "Light's Orbital Angular Momentum," Phys. Today 57, 35-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Courtial, M. J. P. J.

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dearing, M.

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M.

J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

di Leonardo, R.

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dufresne, E.

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Eriksson, E.

J. Scrimgeour, E. Eriksson, and M. Goksor, "Laser surgery and optical trapping in a laser scanning microscope," Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues 82, 629-646 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F¨urhapter, S.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Friese, M.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friese, M. E. J.

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Furhapter, S.

Goksor, M.

J. Scrimgeour, E. Eriksson, and M. Goksor, "Laser surgery and optical trapping in a laser scanning microscope," Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues 82, 629-646 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grier, D.

Y. Roichman and D. Grier, "Holographic assembly of quasicrystalline photonic heterostructures," Opt. Express 13, 5434-5439 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Ladavac and D. Grier, "Microoptomechanical pumps assembled and driven by holographic optical vortex arrays," Opt. Express 12, 1144-1149 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Grier, "Optical tweezers in colloid and interface science," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 2, 264-270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haist, T.

J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heckenberg, N.

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heckenberg, N. R.

A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hekenberg, N.

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

Inaba, H.

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, "Optical trapping and rotational manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells," Electron. Lett. 27, 831-1832 (1991).

Ishigure, M.

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, "Optical trapping and rotational manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells," Electron. Lett. 27, 831-1832 (1991).

Jesacher, A.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Holographic optical tweezers for object manipulations at an air-liquid surface," Opt. Express 14, 6342-6352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jordan, P.

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoner, G.

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

Krol, J. J.

K. Visscher, G. J. Brakenhoff, and J. J. Krol, "Micromanipulation by multiple optical traps created by a single fast scanning trap integrated with the bilateral confocal scanning laser microscope," Cytometry 14, 105-114 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laczik, Z.

Laczik, z. J.

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ladavac, K.

Leach, J.

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liesener, J.

J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, M.

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maurer, C.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Holographic optical tweezers for object manipulations at an air-liquid surface," Opt. Express 14, 6342-6352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mushfique, H.

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nieminen, T. A.

A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O'Neil, A.

A. O'Neil and M. J. Padgett, "Rotational control within optical tweezers by use of a rotating aperture," Opt.Lett 27, 743-745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M.

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, "Light's Orbital Angular Momentum," Phys. Today 57, 35-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O'Neil and M. J. Padgett, "Rotational control within optical tweezers by use of a rotating aperture," Opt.Lett 27, 743-745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parkin, S.

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

Paterson, L.

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peterman, E.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reicherter, M.

J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ritsch-Marte, M.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jesacher, S. Furhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Holographic optical tweezers for object manipulations at an air-liquid surface," Opt. Express 14, 6342-6352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roichman, Y.

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, S.

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, "Optical trapping and rotational manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells," Electron. Lett. 27, 831-1832 (1991).

Schmidt, C.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scrimgeour, J.

J. Scrimgeour, E. Eriksson, and M. Goksor, "Laser surgery and optical trapping in a laser scanning microscope," Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues 82, 629-646 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sheets, S.

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sinclair, G.

G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, J. Cooper, and Z. Laczik, "Assembly of 3-dimentional structures using programmable holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 12, 5475-5480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spalding, G.

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stienen, G.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tiziani, H. J.

J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van Mameren, J.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vermeulen, K.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Visscher, K.

K. Visscher, G. J. Brakenhoff, and J. J. Krol, "Micromanipulation by multiple optical traps created by a single fast scanning trap integrated with the bilateral confocal scanning laser microscope," Cytometry 14, 105-114 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wuite, G.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Bingelyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, "Optically controlled three-dimensional rotation of microscopic objects," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 829-831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci.

D. Grier, "Optical tweezers in colloid and interface science," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 2, 264-270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cytometry

K. Visscher, G. J. Brakenhoff, and J. J. Krol, "Micromanipulation by multiple optical traps created by a single fast scanning trap integrated with the bilateral confocal scanning laser microscope," Cytometry 14, 105-114 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett.

S. Sato, M. Ishigure, and H. Inaba, "Optical trapping and rotational manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells," Electron. Lett. 27, 831-1832 (1991).

Lab on a Chip

J. Leach, H. Mushfique, R. di Leonardo, M. Padgett, and J. Cooper, "An optically driven pump for microfluidics," Lab on a Chip 6, 735-739 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues

J. Scrimgeour, E. Eriksson, and M. Goksor, "Laser surgery and optical trapping in a laser scanning microscope," Laser Manipulation Of Cells And Tissues 82, 629-646 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical alignment and spinning of laser-trapped microscopic particles," Nature 394, 348-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. J. Padgett, "Laser beams - Knotted threads of darkness," Nature 432, 165 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, "Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams," New J. Phys. 9, 78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Liesener, M. Reicherter, T. Haist, and H. J. Tiziani, "Multi-functional optical tweezers using computergenerated holograms," Opt. Commun. 185, 77-82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Express.

J. Leach, G. Sinclair, P. Jordan, M. J. P. J. Courtial, J. Cooper, and z. J. Laczik, "3D manipulation of particles into crystal structures using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express. 12, 220-226 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Opt.Lett

A. O'Neil and M. J. Padgett, "Rotational control within optical tweezers by use of a rotating aperture," Opt.Lett 27, 743-745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Hekenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Characterization of optically driven fluid stress fields with optical tweezers," Phys. Rev. 72, 031,507 (2005).

Phys. Rev. A

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from laser beam with a phase singularity." Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Bishop, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Optical Microrheology using rotating laser trapped particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1981,04 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, "Light's Orbital Angular Momentum," Phys. Today 57, 35-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers

G. Knoner, S. Parkin, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, "Microrheology using dual beam optical tweezers and ultrasensitive force measurements," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrumentation Engineers 5736, 73-80 (2005).

Rev. of Sci. Instrum.

K. Vermeulen, J. van Mameren, G. Stienen, E. Peterman, G. Wuite, and C. Schmidt, "Calibrating bead displacements in optical tweezers using acousto-optic deflectors," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. 77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

E. Dufresne, G. Spalding, M. Dearing, S. Sheets, and D. Grier, "Computer-generated holographic optical tweezers arrays," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1820-1816 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science

L. Paterson, M. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, "Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles," Science 292, 912-914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (1199 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (325 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of the holograms used to generate beams with independent polarisation control. To produce a single, linearly polarised trap the phase difference between the two holograms on the SLM is 0. To produce a single, circularly polarised trap the phase difference between the two holograms on the SLM is π/2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental set up showing the addition of kinoforms of different gratings to produce variously polarised diffraction orders.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Image sequence of two birefringent vaterite crystals independently rotated in a holographic optical tweezers. Showing the current polarisation state of the incident light and the translation of the optical traps. (Media 1) 1.2MB (b) Change in particle orientation due to change in polarisation state. (Media 2) 325KB

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E = [ E x e i ϕ x E y e i ϕ y ] = e i ϕ x [ E x E y e i δ ] .
ϕ ( x , y ) = arg ( n = 1 N E n ( x , y ) ) .

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