Abstract

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) was observed with transient optical response of exciton correlation in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well structure. Decoherence of EIT was increased with temperature (12–60 K), which could be simulated by increasing non-radiation decay rate between coherently coupled ground states in Bloch equation for Λ type three level. The non-radiation decay was mainly due to hole spin dephasing in the system for EIT via coulomb correlation. The hole spin dephasing rate was found with increasing lattice temperature and well accorded to the past results of time resolving method with n-doping material.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
  2. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kang and Y. Zhu, "Observation of large Kerr nonliearity at low light intensity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073601 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Phillips and H. Wang, "Spin Coherence and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency via Exciton Correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002), M. C. Phillips, H. Wang, I. Rumyantsev, N. H. Kwong, R. Takayama, and R. Binder, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183602 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. M. Axt and T. Kuhn, "Femtosecond spectroscopy in semiconductors: a key to coherences, correlations and quantum kinetics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 433-512 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Field, K. H. Hahn, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in collisionally broadened lead vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3062-3065 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, and A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentics-Hall International, Inc. 1993).
  14. A. P. Heberle, W. W. Ruhle, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3887-3890 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. Ku and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow light in semiconductor heterostructures," J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. 40, R93-R107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

V. M. Axt and T. Kuhn, "Femtosecond spectroscopy in semiconductors: a key to coherences, correlations and quantum kinetics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 433-512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

H. Kang and Y. Zhu, "Observation of large Kerr nonliearity at low light intensity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Phillips and H. Wang, "Spin Coherence and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency via Exciton Correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002), M. C. Phillips, H. Wang, I. Rumyantsev, N. H. Kwong, R. Takayama, and R. Binder, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).

1995 (1)

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. P. Heberle, W. W. Ruhle, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3887-3890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (3)

J. E. Field, K. H. Hahn, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in collisionally broadened lead vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3062-3065 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amand, T.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Axt, V. M.

V. M. Axt and T. Kuhn, "Femtosecond spectroscopy in semiconductors: a key to coherences, correlations and quantum kinetics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 433-512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bacquet, G.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, M.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baylac, B.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bosacchi, A.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brousseau, M.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Byeon, C. C.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. Ku and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow light in semiconductor heterostructures," J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. 40, R93-R107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.-G.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colocci, M.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damen, T. C.

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dareys, B.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, C.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Field, J. E.

J. E. Field, K. H. Hahn, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in collisionally broadened lead vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3062-3065 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, A.

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franchi, S.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fu, K.-M. C.

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greilich, A.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gurioli, M.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, K. H.

J. E. Field, K. H. Hahn, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in collisionally broadened lead vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3062-3065 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).

J. E. Field, K. H. Hahn, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in collisionally broadened lead vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3062-3065 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heberle, A. P.

A. P. Heberle, W. W. Ruhle, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3887-3890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernandez, G.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holland, M. C.

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, M. S.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kang and Y. Zhu, "Observation of large Kerr nonliearity at low light intensity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kee, C.-s.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D.-k.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ku, C.

C. Ku and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow light in semiconductor heterostructures," J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. 40, R93-R107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, T.

V. M. Axt and T. Kuhn, "Femtosecond spectroscopy in semiconductors: a key to coherences, correlations and quantum kinetics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 433-512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mair, A.

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marie, X.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Massies, J.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Misiewicz, J.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neu, G.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M.-k.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ottaviani, C.

C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, M.

M. Phillips and H. Wang, "Spin Coherence and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency via Exciton Correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002), M. C. Phillips, H. Wang, I. Rumyantsev, N. H. Kwong, R. Takayama, and R. Binder, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ploog, K.

A. P. Heberle, W. W. Ruhle, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3887-3890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rebic, S.

C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reuter, D.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruhle, W. W.

A. P. Heberle, W. W. Ruhle, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3887-3890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, J.

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sham, L. J.

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stanley, C.

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su Kim, J.

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Syperek, M.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thierry-Mieg, V.

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tombesi, P.

C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viña, L.

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vinattieri, A.

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vitali, D.

C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

M. Phillips and H. Wang, "Spin Coherence and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency via Exciton Correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002), M. C. Phillips, H. Wang, I. Rumyantsev, N. H. Kwong, R. Takayama, and R. Binder, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieck, A. D.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, D. R.

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kang and Y. Zhu, "Observation of large Kerr nonliearity at low light intensity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Ko. (1)

C. C. Byeon, M.-k. Oh, H. Kang, J. Su Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, C.-s. Kee, D.-k. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Ko. 11, 138-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Ku and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow light in semiconductor heterostructures," J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. 40, R93-R107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Ottaviani, S. Rebi?, D. Vitali, and P. Tombesi, "Quantum phase-gate operation based on nonlinear optics: Full quantum analysis," Phys. Rev. A 73, 010301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Gurioli, A. Vinattieri, M. Colocci, C. Deparis, J. Massies, G. Neu, A. Bosacchi, and S. Franchi, "Temperature dependence of the radiative and nonradiative recombination time in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum-well structures," Phys. Rev. B 44, 3115-3124 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

T. C. Damen, L. Viña, J. E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L. J. Sham, "Subpicosecond spin relaxation dynamics of excitons and free carriers in GaAs quantum wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432-3435 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Heberle, W. W. Ruhle, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3887-3890 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Syperek, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Greilich, J. Misiewicz, M. Bayer, D. Reuter, and A. D. Wieck, "Spin Coherence of Holes in GaAs/(Al,Ga)As Quantum Wells," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 187401 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Phillips and H. Wang, "Spin Coherence and Electromagnetically Induced Transparency via Exciton Correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002), M. C. Phillips, H. Wang, I. Rumyantsev, N. H. Kwong, R. Takayama, and R. Binder, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Semiconductors via Biexciton Coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, C. Stanley, M. C. Holland, and Y. Yamamoto, "Coherent Population Trapping of Electron Spins in a High-Purity n-Type GaAs Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 187405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kang and Y. Zhu, "Observation of large Kerr nonliearity at low light intensity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, "Slow-Light Six-Wave Mixing at Low Light Intensities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 073601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Field, K. H. Hahn, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency in collisionally broadened lead vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3062-3065 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of Light in Atomic Vapor," We report an experiment in which a light pulse is effectively decelerated and trapped in a vapor of Rb atoms, stored for a controlled period of time, and then released on demand. We accomplish this "storage of light" by dynamically reducing the group velocity of the light pulse to zero, so that the coherent excitation of the light is reversibly mapped into a Zeeman (spin) coherence of the Rb vapor. Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

V. M. Axt and T. Kuhn, "Femtosecond spectroscopy in semiconductors: a key to coherences, correlations and quantum kinetics," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 433-512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

B. Baylac, T. Amand, X. Marie, B. Dareys, M. Brousseau, G. Bacquet, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Hole spin relaxation in n-modulation doped quantum wells," Solid State Commun. 93, 57-60 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

N. Peyghambarian, S. W. Koch, and A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics (Prentics-Hall International, Inc. 1993).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Heavy hole spin state-single exciton spin state transitions with circular polarization. X: single exciton. (b)Biexciton state-single exciton spin state transition implenting Λ type three level with opposite circular polarization. XXun: unbound biexciton.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

EIT signal of heavy hole transition with the coupling laser frequency (arrow), LH: light hole, HH: heavy hole.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(color online) EIT signal with temperature. Experiment (black) and theory (red). (a) 11 K, 1/γ-+=4 ps, (b) 30 K, 1/γ-+=3.4 ps, (c) 40 K, 1/γ-+=3.3 ps, (d) 50 K, 1/γ-+=2.8 ps in calculation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Decoherence time of EIT (triangle) and recombination time of exciton with temperature (square)

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

t ρ e + ( t ) = ( i δ c γ ) ρ e + ( t ) + i Ω c ( t ) / 2 + i Ω p ( t ) ρ + ( t ) / 2
t ρ + ( t ) = ( i ( δ c δ p ) γ + ) ρ + ( t ) + i Ω p ( t ) * p e + ( t ) / 2 .

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