Abstract

Femtosecond laser filament could produce THz wave in forward direction. In our experiment, THz pulse emitted from a femtosecond laser filament has been investigated. It was found that the polarization of the studied THz pulse mainly appears as elliptical. This observation supplements the previous conclusion obtained by C. D’Amico et al. that THz wave emitted by a filament is radially polarized. The mechanism of generating elliptically polarized THz wave has been interpreted by either four-wave optical rectification or second order optical rectification inside the filament zone where centro-symmetry of the air is broken by the femtosecond laser pulse.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (3)

2007 (4)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Physics Reports-Review Section of Phys. Lett. 441, 47-189 (2007).

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Thomson, M. Kress, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, "Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349-368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

X. Xie, J. M. Dai, and X. C. Zhang, "Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103-261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, "Detection of Broadband Terahertz Waves with a Laser-Induced Plasma in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, "Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes," Opt. Lett. 30, 2805-2807 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

P. H. Siegel, "Terahertz technology," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910-928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. C. M. Planken, H. K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 18, 313-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, and R. W. Falcone, "Short-pulse terahertz radiation from high-intensity-laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 49, 671-677 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bakker, H. J.

P. C. M. Planken, H. K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 18, 313-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bartel, T.

Batani, D.

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bejot, P.

Bianconi, F.

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bonacina, L.

Booske, J. H.

J. H. Booske, "Plasma physics and related challenges of millimeter-wave-to-terahertz and high power microwave generation," Phys. Plasmas 15, 055502-055516 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Citrin, D. S.

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Physics Reports-Review Section of Phys. Lett. 441, 47-189 (2007).

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, "Detection of Broadband Terahertz Waves with a Laser-Induced Plasma in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, J. M.

X. Xie, J. M. Dai, and X. C. Zhang, "Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daigle, J. F.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D'Amico, C.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eden, S.

Elsaesser, T.

Falcone, R. W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, and R. W. Falcone, "Short-pulse terahertz radiation from high-intensity-laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 49, 671-677 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaal, P.

Giulietti, A.

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Giulietti, D.

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, S.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, and R. W. Falcone, "Short-pulse terahertz radiation from high-intensity-laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 49, 671-677 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamster, H.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, and R. W. Falcone, "Short-pulse terahertz radiation from high-intensity-laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 49, 671-677 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hughes, S.

Kamali, Y.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103-261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kress, M.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kress, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, "Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349-368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Loffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, "Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of airwith laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonicwaves," Opt. Lett. 29, 1120-1122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Litz, M.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loffler, T.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kress, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, "Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349-368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Loffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, "Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of airwith laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonicwaves," Opt. Lett. 29, 1120-1122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, Q.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moret, M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Physics Reports-Review Section of Phys. Lett. 441, 47-189 (2007).

Nienhuys, H. K.

P. C. M. Planken, H. K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 18, 313-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nocera, L.

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petit, Y.

Planken, P. C. M.

P. C. M. Planken, H. K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 18, 313-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reimann, K.

Roskos, H. G.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kress, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, "Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349-368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Loffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, "Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of airwith laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonicwaves," Opt. Lett. 29, 1120-1122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarifi, S. M.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, "Terahertz technology," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910-928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simard, P. T.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, and R. W. Falcone, "Short-pulse terahertz radiation from high-intensity-laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 49, 671-677 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Theberge, F.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M.

Thomson, M. D.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kress, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, "Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349-368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wenckebach, T.

P. C. M. Planken, H. K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 18, 313-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

White, W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerner, M.

Wolf, J. P.

Wolf, J.-P.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, J. M. Dai, and X. C. Zhang, "Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, "Detection of Broadband Terahertz Waves with a Laser-Induced Plasma in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. L.

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, "Detection of Broadband Terahertz Waves with a Laser-Induced Plasma in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103-261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. M. Dai, and X. C. Zhang, "Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, H.

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103-261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. (1)

W. Liu, F. Theberge, J. F. Daigle, P. T. Simard, S. M. Sarifi, Y. Kamali, H. L. Xu, and S. L. Chin, "An efficient control of ultrashort laser filament location in air for the purpose of remote sensing," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 85, 55-58 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103-261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, "The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges," Can. J. Phys. 83, 863-905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

P. H. Siegel, "Terahertz technology," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910-928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. D. Thomson, M. Kress, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, "Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349-368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lett. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Physics Reports-Review Section of Phys. Lett. 441, 47-189 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Batani, F. Bianconi, A. Giulietti, D. Giulietti, and L. Nocera, "Second harmonic polarization and conversion efficiency in laser produced sparks," Opt. Commun. 70, 38-43 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. (1)

P. C. M. Planken, H. K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 18, 313-317 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (1)

J. H. Booske, "Plasma physics and related challenges of millimeter-wave-to-terahertz and high power microwave generation," Phys. Plasmas 15, 055502-055516 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, and R. W. Falcone, "Short-pulse terahertz radiation from high-intensity-laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rev. E 49, 671-677 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

C. D'Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, "Terahertz radiation source in air based on bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xie, J. M. Dai, and X. C. Zhang, "Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, "Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. C. Zhang, "Detection of Broadband Terahertz Waves with a Laser-Induced Plasma in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Y. Liang, J. M. Watson, and S. L. Chin, "Second harmonic generation in gases with a high-intensity CO2 laser," J. Phys. B 25, 2725-2743 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. L. McHale, Molecular Spectroscopy (Prentice Hall, New York, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup. Time delay of the probe beam could be varied by a delay line which is not shown here.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical experimental THz electric field waveform and the corresponding THz spectrum in the inset.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Solid squares (right axis): measured peak-to-peak amplitude of THz electric field as a function of θ defined as the angle of the pump pulse polarization with respect to the [0,0,1] axis of the ZnTe crystal); red solid line (left axis): calculated orientation dependent EOS signal of a linearly polarized THz wave according to Eq. (2) (θ=ϕ, ϕ being the angle between the THz wave polarization and the [0,0,1] axis of ZnTe crystal); green dashed line (left label): the same as the red solid line but θ=ϕ+90°, i.e. polarization of the THz wave is perpendicular to that of the pump beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Solid squares: normalized energy of the electric field recorded by the EOS setup; red solid line: calculated corresponding energy of an elliptically polarized THz wave according to Eq. (3) with e=0.25 and β 0=11.5o.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S signal E THz ( cos ϕ sin 2 α + 2 sin ϕ cos 2 α )
S signal 2 E THz sin ϕ
T = cos 2 β + e 2 sin 2 β
Ω THz = ω 1 + ω 2 ω 3
E THz , x χ xxxx ( 3 ) E ω 3 E ω 1 * E ω 2 * e i Δ k L
E THz , y χ yxxx ( 3 ) E ω 3 E ω 1 * E ω 2 * e i Δ k L

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