Abstract

We demonstrate a method of preparation of broadband sign-reversible dispersion in alkali vapour based on velocity-selective optical pumping. The refractive index in Rb vapour has been measured using a heterodyne method. The magnitudes of the normal and anomalous dispersion, which are almost constant over a spectral region of approximately 40 MHz, can lead to a reduced (Vgc/230) or negative (Vg≈-c/27) group velocity of light.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "???Slow??? and ???Fast??? Light," Prog. Opt. 43, 497-530 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Macke, B. Segard, and F. Wielonsky, "Optimal superluminal systems," Phys. Rev. E 72, 035601(R) (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Jeong, A. Dawes, and D. Gauthier, "Direct observation of optical precursors in a region of anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. B. Matsko, D. V. Strekalov, and L. Maleki, "On the dynamic range of optical delay lines based on coherent atomic media," Opt. Express 13, 2210-2223 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. R. Vanner, R. J. McLean, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, "Broadband optical delay with a large dynamic range using atomic dispersion," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 051004 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. N. Shakhmuradov, A. Rebane, P. Megret, and J. Odeurs, "Slow light with persistent hole burning," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053811 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Camacho, M. Pack, and J. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 0335801 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Staedter, and A. M. Akulshin, "Doppler-free satellites of resonances of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption on the D2 lines of alkali metals," Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 762-768 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Muller, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, "A new kind of heterodyne measurement of coherent population trapping in an atomic beam," Opt. Commun. 127, 37-43 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Brown, R. McLean, A. Sidorov, P. Hannaford and A. Akulshin, "Anomalous dispersion and negative group velocity in a coherence-free cold atomic medium," arXiv:0805.2993 (2008).
  17. A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. R. Vanner, R. J. McLean, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, "Broadband optical delay with a large dynamic range using atomic dispersion," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 051004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

H. Jeong, A. Dawes, and D. Gauthier, "Direct observation of optical precursors in a region of anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Camacho, M. Pack, and J. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 0335801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Staedter, and A. M. Akulshin, "Doppler-free satellites of resonances of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption on the D2 lines of alkali metals," Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 762-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. B. Matsko, D. V. Strekalov, and L. Maleki, "On the dynamic range of optical delay lines based on coherent atomic media," Opt. Express 13, 2210-2223 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Shakhmuradov, A. Rebane, P. Megret, and J. Odeurs, "Slow light with persistent hole burning," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "???Slow??? and ???Fast??? Light," Prog. Opt. 43, 497-530 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

G. Muller, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, "A new kind of heterodyne measurement of coherent population trapping in an atomic beam," Opt. Commun. 127, 37-43 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Akulshin, A. M.

M. R. Vanner, R. J. McLean, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, "Broadband optical delay with a large dynamic range using atomic dispersion," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 051004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Staedter, and A. M. Akulshin, "Doppler-free satellites of resonances of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption on the D2 lines of alkali metals," Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 762-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andre, A.

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "???Slow??? and ???Fast??? Light," Prog. Opt. 43, 497-530 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burns, M. M.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Camacho, R.

R. Camacho, M. Pack, and J. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 0335801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Camacho, R. M.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cimmino, A.

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Muller, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, "A new kind of heterodyne measurement of coherent population trapping in an atomic beam," Opt. Commun. 127, 37-43 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, A.

H. Jeong, A. Dawes, and D. Gauthier, "Direct observation of optical precursors in a region of anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M. D.

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D.

H. Jeong, A. Dawes, and D. Gauthier, "Direct observation of optical precursors in a region of anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "???Slow??? and ???Fast??? Light," Prog. Opt. 43, 497-530 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hannaford, P.

M. R. Vanner, R. J. McLean, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, "Broadband optical delay with a large dynamic range using atomic dispersion," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 051004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hinshelwood, D. D.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Howell, J.

R. Camacho, M. Pack, and J. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 0335801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Howell, J. C.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, H.

H. Jeong, A. Dawes, and D. Gauthier, "Direct observation of optical precursors in a region of anomalous dispersion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M¨uller, G.

G. Muller, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, "A new kind of heterodyne measurement of coherent population trapping in an atomic beam," Opt. Commun. 127, 37-43 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Matsko, A. B.

McLean, R.

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McLean, R. J.

M. R. Vanner, R. J. McLean, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, "Broadband optical delay with a large dynamic range using atomic dispersion," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 051004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muller, G.

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murnick, D. E.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nikonov, D. E.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pack, M.

R. Camacho, M. Pack, and J. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 0335801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pack, M. V.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pappas, P. G.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, M. S. Feld, and D. E. Murnick, "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1967 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

R. N. Shakhmuradov, A. Rebane, P. Megret, and J. Odeurs, "Slow light with persistent hole burning," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rinkleff, R.-H.

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Muller, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, "A new kind of heterodyne measurement of coherent population trapping in an atomic beam," Opt. Commun. 127, 37-43 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, H. G.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sargsyan, A.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Staedter, and A. M. Akulshin, "Doppler-free satellites of resonances of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption on the D2 lines of alkali metals," Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 762-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisyan, D.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Staedter, and A. M. Akulshin, "Doppler-free satellites of resonances of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption on the D2 lines of alkali metals," Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 762-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, J. C. Howell, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, "Wide-bandwidth, tunable, Multiple-Pulse-Width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M.

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakhmuradov, R. N.

R. N. Shakhmuradov, A. Rebane, P. Megret, and J. Odeurs, "Slow light with persistent hole burning," Phys. Rev. A 71, 053811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov, A. I.

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Staedter, D.

A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Staedter, and A. M. Akulshin, "Doppler-free satellites of resonances of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption on the D2 lines of alkali metals," Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 762-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

Vanner, M. R.

M. R. Vanner, R. J. McLean, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, "Broadband optical delay with a large dynamic range using atomic dispersion," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 051004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walsworth, R. L.

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wicht, A.

A. Wicht, K. Danzmann, M. Fleischhauer, M. Scully, G. M¨uller, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "White-light cavities, atomic phase coherence, and gravitational wave detectors," Opt. Commun. 134, 431-439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Muller, A. Wicht, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, "A new kind of heterodyne measurement of coherent population trapping in an atomic beam," Opt. Commun. 127, 37-43 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, L. Hollberg, D. E. Nikonov, M. O. Scully, H. G. Robinson, and V. L. Velichansky, "Experimental Demonstration of Enhanced Index of Refraction via Quantum Coherence in Rb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3935-3938 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

A. M. Akulshin, A. Cimmino, A. I. Sidorov, R. McLean, and P. Hannaford, "Highly nonlinear atomic medium with steep and sign-reversible dispersion," J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 5, S479-S485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (2)

A. Andre, M. D. Eisaman, R. L. Walsworth, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum control of light using electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, S589-S604 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Energy levels diagram of the 87 Rb D 1 and D 2 lines. (b) Scheme of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Effect of velocity selective optical pumping on the transmission and dispersion of 87Rb vapour probed on the 5S 1/2(F=2)-5P 3/2 transitions. Figures (a) and (b) correspond to the optical frequency of the pump laser νL 1 tuned to the 5S 1/2(F=1)-5P 1/2(F′=2) and 5S 1/2(F=2)-5P 1/2(F′=2) transitions, respectively. Transmission of the bichromatic probe beam (i), phase detector output (ii) and probe transmission through the reference cell (iii) are presented as a function of probe frequency offset from the 5S 1/2(F=2)-5P 3/2(F′=3) transition.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(i) Curve (i) shows the transmission of the bi-chromatic probe radiation through the vapour cell at 75°C containing a natural mixture of Rb isotopes in the vicinity of the transitions 5S 1/2(F=3)-5P 3/2 for 85Rb and 5S 1/2(F=2)-5P 3/2 for 87Rb. Curve (ii) represents the transmission through the reference cell.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Bi-chromatic probe transmission (i), phase detector output (ii) induced by atomic dispersion and phase calibration curve (iii) as the probe laser frequency is scanned across the 87Rb 5S 1/2(F=2)-5P 3/2(F′=3) transition, with the pump frequency tuned to resonance with the 5S 1/2(F=2)-5P 1/2(F′=2) transition. Figs. (a) and (b) correspond to a Rb density of N=7×1011cm-3 and N=1.2×1012cm-3, respectively.

Equations (3)

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V z = 2 π ( ν L 1 ν 12 k 1 ) ,
I > I S = [ ( 1 + τ T ) ( 1 + 2 τ T ) ] ħ ω σ 0 T ,
ν L 2 = ν 2 i k 2 V z 2 π ; ν L 2 = ν 1 i k 2 V z 2 π ,

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