Abstract

The effects of spectral curvature (smile) on the co-registration of measured radiance spectra were analyzed for a dispersive imaging spectrometer. The spectra measured by the imaging spectrometer with spectral curvature were re-sampled using cubic spline Interpolation to mitigate the mis-registration of spectral radiance measurement. After correction, the co-registration of measured radiance spectra is distinctly improved.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-Orbit Radiometric and Spectral Calibration Characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion Derived With an Underflight of AVIRIS and In Situ Measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Guanter, V. Estellés, and J. Moreno, "Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54-65 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. O. Davis, J. Bowles, R. A. Leathers, D. Korwan, T. V. Downes, W. A. Snyder, W. J. Rhea, and W. Chen, "Ocean PHILLS hyperspectral imager: design, characterization, and calibration," Opt. Express 10, 210-221 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  5. S. W. Brown, B. C. Johnson, S. F. Biggar, E. F. Zalewski, J. Cooper, P. Hajek, E. Hildum, P. Grant, R. A. Barnes, and J. J. Butler, "Radiometric validation of NASA's Ames Research Center's Sensor Calibration Laboratory," Appl. Opt. 44, 6426-6444 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, G. M. Schmidt, F. S. Patt, and C. R. McClain, "Calibration of SeaWiFS. I. Direct techniques," Appl. Opt. 40, 6682-6690 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. O. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. J. Puschell, "Hyperspectral Imagers for Current and Future Missions," Proc. SPIE 4041, 121-132. (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Blechinger, B. Harnisch, and B. Kunkel. "Optical Concepts for High Resolution Imaging Spectrometers," Proc. SPIE 2480, 165-179 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Recktenwald, Numerical methods with Matlab implementation and application, (China Machine Press, Beijing, 2004), 364-410.
  12. B. C. Gao, M. J. Montesa, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Guanter, V. Estellés, and J. Moreno, "Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54-65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

B. C. Gao, M. J. Montesa, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-Orbit Radiometric and Spectral Calibration Characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion Derived With an Underflight of AVIRIS and In Situ Measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

R. A. Barnes, R. E. Eplee, G. M. Schmidt, F. S. Patt, and C. R. McClain, "Calibration of SeaWiFS. I. Direct techniques," Appl. Opt. 40, 6682-6690 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. J. Puschell, "Hyperspectral Imagers for Current and Future Missions," Proc. SPIE 4041, 121-132. (2000)
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Blechinger, B. Harnisch, and B. Kunkel. "Optical Concepts for High Resolution Imaging Spectrometers," Proc. SPIE 2480, 165-179 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aronsson, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, R. A.

Biggar, S. F.

Biggarc, S. F.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blechinger, F.

F. Blechinger, B. Harnisch, and B. Kunkel. "Optical Concepts for High Resolution Imaging Spectrometers," Proc. SPIE 2480, 165-179 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bowles, J.

Brown, S. W.

Butler, J. J.

Chen, W.

Chippendale, B. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chovit, C. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T. G.

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-Orbit Radiometric and Spectral Calibration Characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion Derived With an Underflight of AVIRIS and In Situ Measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

Davis, C. O.

B. C. Gao, M. J. Montesa, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. O. Davis, J. Bowles, R. A. Leathers, D. Korwan, T. V. Downes, W. A. Snyder, W. J. Rhea, and W. Chen, "Ocean PHILLS hyperspectral imager: design, characterization, and calibration," Opt. Express 10, 210-221 (2002).
[PubMed]

Downes, T. V.

Eastwood, M. L.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eplee, R. E.

Estellés, V.

L. Guanter, V. Estellés, and J. Moreno, "Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54-65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Faust, J. A.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fedosejevsa, G.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, B. C.

B. C. Gao, M. J. Montesa, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gauthiera, R. P.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grant, P.

Green, R. O.

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-Orbit Radiometric and Spectral Calibration Characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion Derived With an Underflight of AVIRIS and In Situ Measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guanter, L.

L. Guanter, V. Estellés, and J. Moreno, "Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54-65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hajek, P.

Harnisch, B.

F. Blechinger, B. Harnisch, and B. Kunkel. "Optical Concepts for High Resolution Imaging Spectrometers," Proc. SPIE 2480, 165-179 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hildum, E.

Johnson, B. C.

Korwan, D.

Kunkel, B.

F. Blechinger, B. Harnisch, and B. Kunkel. "Optical Concepts for High Resolution Imaging Spectrometers," Proc. SPIE 2480, 165-179 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leathers, R. A.

McClain, C. R.

Meygrete, A.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Montesa, M. J.

B. C. Gao, M. J. Montesa, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J.

L. Guanter, V. Estellés, and J. Moreno, "Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54-65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Olah, M. R.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O'Neillb, N. T.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Patt, F. S.

Pavri, B. E.

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-Orbit Radiometric and Spectral Calibration Characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion Derived With an Underflight of AVIRIS and In Situ Measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Puschell, J. J.

J. J. Puschell, "Hyperspectral Imagers for Current and Future Missions," Proc. SPIE 4041, 121-132. (2000)
[CrossRef]

Rhea, W. J.

Ripleyd, H.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarture, C. M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, G. M.

Snyder, W. A.

Solis, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Teilleta, P. M.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thomec, K. J.

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Williams, O.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zalewski, E. F.

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

R. O. Green, B. E. Pavri, and T. G. Chrien, "On-Orbit Radiometric and Spectral Calibration Characteristics of EO-1 Hyperion Derived With an Underflight of AVIRIS and In Situ Measurements at Salar de Arizaro, Argentina," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 1194-1203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. J. Puschell, "Hyperspectral Imagers for Current and Future Missions," Proc. SPIE 4041, 121-132. (2000)
[CrossRef]

F. Blechinger, B. Harnisch, and B. Kunkel. "Optical Concepts for High Resolution Imaging Spectrometers," Proc. SPIE 2480, 165-179 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (4)

L. Guanter, V. Estellés, and J. Moreno, "Spectral calibration and atmospheric correction of ultra-fine spectral and spatial resolution remote sensing data. Application to CASI-1500 data," Remote Sens. Environ. 109, 54-65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Gao, M. J. Montesa, and C. O. Davis, "Refinement of wavelength calibrations of hyperspectral imaging data using a spectrum-matching technique," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 424-433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Teilleta, G. Fedosejevsa, R. P. Gauthiera, N. T. O'Neillb, K. J. Thomec, S. F. Biggarc, H. Ripleyd, and A. Meygrete, "A generalized approach to the vicarious calibration of multiple Earth observation sensors using hyperspectral data," Remote Sens. Environ. 77304- 327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, "Imaging Spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. Recktenwald, Numerical methods with Matlab implementation and application, (China Machine Press, Beijing, 2004), 364-410.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Sketch map of spectral curvature (smile) on detector plane

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Upwelling spectral radiance

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Percent error in measured radiance for an imaging spectrometer with spectral curvature resulting from (a) spectral offset 1%Δλ, 3%Δλ, 5%Δλ and (b) spectral offset 10%Δλ, 30%Δλ, 50%Δλ

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparisons of three interpolation methods. (a) shows the percent errors in measured spectral radiance with 10%Δλ spectral offset. (b) shows residual errors in the measured radiance corrected with each interpolation method.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The residual error in measured radiance after corrected by CSI. (a) spectral offset 1%Δλ, 3%Δλ, 5%Δλ and (b) spectral offset 10%Δλ, 30%Δλ, 50%Δλ.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The upwelling spectral radiance modeled with grassland and subarctic winter atmosphere model.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Percent error in measured radiance for spectral offsets 5%Δλ and 10%Δλ, (a) spectral resolution Δλ=2.5nm and (a) spectral resolution Δλ=10nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Percent error in corrected measured radiance for spectral offsets 5%Δλ and 10%Δλ, (a) spectral resolution Δλ=2.5nm and (a) spectral resolution Δλ=10nm.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

The gray-scale images of a ground area corresponding to (a) 0.765µm and (b) 0.93µm spectral bands. (a) Without spectral offset. (b) With spectral offset. (c) After correction.

Equations (2)

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Φ i , j = A λ i , j a λ i , j b f ( λ λ i , j ) L i ( λ ) d λ
Δ Φ m , j = Φ i + m , j Φ i , j Φ i , j × 100 %

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