Abstract

We report on the optical characterization of three-dimensional opal-like photonic crystals made by self-organized nanospheres of poly[styrene-(co-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)] having a face centred cubic (fcc) structure oriented along the [111] direction. A detailed optical characterization of the samples is presented using angle resolved reflection spectroscopy in specular geometry. The investigated energies are between a/λ=0.5 and a/λ=1.5 (where a is the lattice parameter and λ is the light wavelength), a region in which both first and second-order Bragg diffraction are expected. Some interesting features as branching of the Bragg peak dispersion and high energy reflection peaks are revealed. We compare the experimental data with theoretical calculations using both Bragg diffraction and band structure approach. A comparison with recent results reported in the literature is also presented.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

L. A. Dorado, R. A. Depine and H. Míguez, "Effect of extinction on the high-energy optical response of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 241101(R) 1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, B. Spahn and T. Rhul, "Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opal," Opt. Express 15, 9553-9561 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Joudkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. Tanimura and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystal for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 12979-12988 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

K. Vynck, D. Cassagne and E. Centeno, "Superlattice for photonic band gap opening in monolayers of dielectric spheres," Opt. Express 14, 6668-6674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, "Optical properties and diffraction effects in opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E  74, 036603 1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Botey, M. Maymó and J. Martorell, "Band-structure determination for finite 3-D photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 277-281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Míguez, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Band spectroscopy of colloidal photonic crystal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1239-1241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Egen and R. Zentel, "Surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of various methacrylates: towards monodisperse colloids for polymer opals," Macromol. Chem Phys. 205, 1479-1488 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López and C. López, "High-energy optical response of artificial opals," Phys. Rev. B70, 035108 1-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Okubo, T. Suzuki and Y. Fukuhara, "Estimation of heterogeneous surface structure of submicron-sized, composite polymer particles consisting of hydrophobic and hydrophilic components by atomic force microcopy," Colloid. Polym. Sci. 281, 569-574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. López, "Materials aspects of photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1679-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Wong, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Colloidal crystal films: Advances in universality and perfection," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589-15598 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. Reese and S. Asher, "Emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization produces highly charged, monodisperse particles for near infrared photonic crystals," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 248, 41-46 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López and W. L. Vos, "Angle-resolved reflectivity of single-domain photonic crystals: Effects of disorder," Phys. Rev. E 66, 036616 1-5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bloch-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell’s equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Bosch, J. Ferré-Borrull and J. Sancho-Parramon, "A general-purpose software for optical characterization of thin films: specific features for microelectronic applications," Solid State Electron. 45, 703-709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Jiang, G. N. Ostojic, R. Narat, D. M. Mittleman and V. L. Colvin, "The fabrication and bandgap engineering of photonic multilayers," Adv. Mater. 13, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

W. L. Vos and H. M. van Driel, "Higher order Bragg diffraction by strongly photonic fcc crystals: onset of a photonic bandgap," Phys. Lett. A 272, 101-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. M. van Driel and W. L. Vos, "Multiple Bragg wave coupling in photonic band-gap crystals," Phys. Rev. B 62, 9872-9875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. Deutsch and D. J. Norris, "Single-domain spectroscopy of self-assembled photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1627-1629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

V. Yannopapas, N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, "Theoretical analysis of the photonic band structure of face-centred cubic colloidal crystals," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 10261-10270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Pan, R. Kesavamoorthy and S. A. Asher, "Optically nonlinear Bragg diffracting nanosecond optical switches," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3860-3863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agio, M.

A. Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, "Optical properties and diffraction effects in opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E  74, 036603 1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, R.M.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

A. Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, "Optical properties and diffraction effects in opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E  74, 036603 1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Armellini, C.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asher, S.

C. Reese and S. Asher, "Emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization produces highly charged, monodisperse particles for near infrared photonic crystals," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 248, 41-46 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Asher, S. A.

G. Pan, R. Kesavamoorthy and S. A. Asher, "Optically nonlinear Bragg diffracting nanosecond optical switches," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3860-3863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Balestreri, A

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balestreri, A.

A. Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, "Optical properties and diffraction effects in opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E  74, 036603 1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baryshev, A. V.

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

Bosch, S.

S. Bosch, J. Ferré-Borrull and J. Sancho-Parramon, "A general-purpose software for optical characterization of thin films: specific features for microelectronic applications," Solid State Electron. 45, 703-709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Botey, M.

M. Botey, M. Maymó and J. Martorell, "Band-structure determination for finite 3-D photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 277-281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cassagne, D.

K. Vynck, D. Cassagne and E. Centeno, "Superlattice for photonic band gap opening in monolayers of dielectric spheres," Opt. Express 14, 6668-6674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Centeno, E.

Chiappini, A.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiasera, A.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clara Gonçalves, M.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clays, K

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clays, K.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, V. L.

P. Jiang, G. N. Ostojic, R. Narat, D. M. Mittleman and V. L. Colvin, "The fabrication and bandgap engineering of photonic multilayers," Adv. Mater. 13, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Comoretto, D.

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Schaetzen, G.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Depine, R. A.

L. A. Dorado, R. A. Depine and H. Míguez, "Effect of extinction on the high-energy optical response of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 241101(R) 1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deutsch, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. Deutsch and D. J. Norris, "Single-domain spectroscopy of self-assembled photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1627-1629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dorado, L. A.

L. A. Dorado, R. A. Depine and H. Míguez, "Effect of extinction on the high-energy optical response of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 241101(R) 1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Egen, M.

M. Egen and R. Zentel, "Surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of various methacrylates: towards monodisperse colloids for polymer opals," Macromol. Chem Phys. 205, 1479-1488 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferré-Borrull, J.

S. Bosch, J. Ferré-Borrull and J. Sancho-Parramon, "A general-purpose software for optical characterization of thin films: specific features for microelectronic applications," Solid State Electron. 45, 703-709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukuhara, Y.

M. Okubo, T. Suzuki and Y. Fukuhara, "Estimation of heterogeneous surface structure of submicron-sized, composite polymer particles consisting of hydrophobic and hydrophilic components by atomic force microcopy," Colloid. Polym. Sci. 281, 569-574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Galisteo, J. F.

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Galisteo-López, J. F.

J. F. Galisteo-López and C. López, "High-energy optical response of artificial opals," Phys. Rev. B70, 035108 1-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López and W. L. Vos, "Angle-resolved reflectivity of single-domain photonic crystals: Effects of disorder," Phys. Rev. E 66, 036616 1-5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Galisteo-López, J.F.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galli, M.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García-Santamaría, F.

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Golmayo, D.

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hellemans, L.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, M.

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jestin, Y.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, P.

P. Jiang, G. N. Ostojic, R. Narat, D. M. Mittleman and V. L. Colvin, "The fabrication and bandgap engineering of photonic multilayers," Adv. Mater. 13, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

John, S.

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

Jouanin, C.

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joudkazis, S.

Juárez, B. H.

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, S.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kesavamoorthy, R.

G. Pan, R. Kesavamoorthy and S. A. Asher, "Optically nonlinear Bragg diffracting nanosecond optical switches," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3860-3863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khanikaev, A. B.

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitaev, V.

H. Míguez, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Band spectroscopy of colloidal photonic crystal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1239-1241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Wong, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Colloidal crystal films: Advances in universality and perfection," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589-15598 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosaka, H.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limonov, M. F.

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

López, C.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López and C. López, "High-energy optical response of artificial opals," Phys. Rev. B70, 035108 1-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. López, "Materials aspects of photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1679-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

López-Tejeira, F.

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, K.

Maka, T.

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manzanares-Martinez, J.

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marabelli, F.

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martorell, J.

M. Botey, M. Maymó and J. Martorell, "Band-structure determination for finite 3-D photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 277-281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, N.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matterelli, M.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maymó, M.

M. Botey, M. Maymó and J. Martorell, "Band-structure determination for finite 3-D photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 277-281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Míguez, H.

L. A. Dorado, R. A. Depine and H. Míguez, "Effect of extinction on the high-energy optical response of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 241101(R) 1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Míguez, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Band spectroscopy of colloidal photonic crystal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1239-1241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

Mittleman, D. M.

P. Jiang, G. N. Ostojic, R. Narat, D. M. Mittleman and V. L. Colvin, "The fabrication and bandgap engineering of photonic multilayers," Adv. Mater. 13, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizeikis, V.

Modinos, A.

V. Yannopapas, N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, "Theoretical analysis of the photonic band structure of face-centred cubic colloidal crystals," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 10261-10270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Montagna, M.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moser, E.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Müller, M.

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Narat, R.

P. Jiang, G. N. Ostojic, R. Narat, D. M. Mittleman and V. L. Colvin, "The fabrication and bandgap engineering of photonic multilayers," Adv. Mater. 13, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishijima, Y.

Norris, D. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. Deutsch and D. J. Norris, "Single-domain spectroscopy of self-assembled photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1627-1629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi Conti, G.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okubo, M.

M. Okubo, T. Suzuki and Y. Fukuhara, "Estimation of heterogeneous surface structure of submicron-sized, composite polymer particles consisting of hydrophobic and hydrophilic components by atomic force microcopy," Colloid. Polym. Sci. 281, 569-574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ostojic, G. N.

P. Jiang, G. N. Ostojic, R. Narat, D. M. Mittleman and V. L. Colvin, "The fabrication and bandgap engineering of photonic multilayers," Adv. Mater. 13, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ozin, G. A.

H. Míguez, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Band spectroscopy of colloidal photonic crystal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1239-1241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Wong, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Colloidal crystal films: Advances in universality and perfection," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589-15598 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palacios, E.

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pan, G.

G. Pan, R. Kesavamoorthy and S. A. Asher, "Optically nonlinear Bragg diffracting nanosecond optical switches," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3860-3863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Patrini, M.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pavarini, E.

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, S.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Persoons, A.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pursiainen, O. L. J.

Reese, C.

C. Reese and S. Asher, "Emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization produces highly charged, monodisperse particles for near infrared photonic crystals," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 248, 41-46 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, A.

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rhul, T.

Righini, G.C.

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, S. G.

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez-Dehesa, J.

A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sancho-Parramon, J.

S. Bosch, J. Ferré-Borrull and J. Sancho-Parramon, "A general-purpose software for optical characterization of thin films: specific features for microelectronic applications," Solid State Electron. 45, 703-709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soci, C.

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sotomayor Torres, C. M.

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spahn, B.

Stefanou, N.

V. Yannopapas, N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, "Theoretical analysis of the photonic band structure of face-centred cubic colloidal crystals," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 10261-10270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

M. Okubo, T. Suzuki and Y. Fukuhara, "Estimation of heterogeneous surface structure of submicron-sized, composite polymer particles consisting of hydrophobic and hydrophilic components by atomic force microcopy," Colloid. Polym. Sci. 281, 569-574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanimura, T.

Tomita, A.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, H.

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, K.

van Driel, H. M.

W. L. Vos and H. M. van Driel, "Higher order Bragg diffraction by strongly photonic fcc crystals: onset of a photonic bandgap," Phys. Lett. A 272, 101-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. M. van Driel and W. L. Vos, "Multiple Bragg wave coupling in photonic band-gap crystals," Phys. Rev. B 62, 9872-9875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Viel, B.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. Deutsch and D. J. Norris, "Single-domain spectroscopy of self-assembled photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1627-1629 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vos, W. L.

J. F. Galisteo-López and W. L. Vos, "Angle-resolved reflectivity of single-domain photonic crystals: Effects of disorder," Phys. Rev. E 66, 036616 1-5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. M. van Driel and W. L. Vos, "Multiple Bragg wave coupling in photonic band-gap crystals," Phys. Rev. B 62, 9872-9875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Vos and H. M. van Driel, "Higher order Bragg diffraction by strongly photonic fcc crystals: onset of a photonic bandgap," Phys. Lett. A 272, 101-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vynck, K.

Winkler, H.

Wong, S.

S. Wong, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Colloidal crystal films: Advances in universality and perfection," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589-15598 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wostyn, K.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
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E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
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V. Yannopapas, N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, "Theoretical analysis of the photonic band structure of face-centred cubic colloidal crystals," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 10261-10270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yee, B.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zentel, R.

M. Egen and R. Zentel, "Surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of various methacrylates: towards monodisperse colloids for polymer opals," Macromol. Chem Phys. 205, 1479-1488 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
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Adv. Mater.

C. López, "Materials aspects of photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1679-1704 (2003).
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Appl. Phys. B

M. Botey, M. Maymó and J. Martorell, "Band-structure determination for finite 3-D photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 277-281 (2005).
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Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. Deutsch and D. J. Norris, "Single-domain spectroscopy of self-assembled photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1627-1629 (2000).
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H. Míguez, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Band spectroscopy of colloidal photonic crystal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1239-1241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Colloid. Polym. Sci.

M. Okubo, T. Suzuki and Y. Fukuhara, "Estimation of heterogeneous surface structure of submicron-sized, composite polymer particles consisting of hydrophobic and hydrophilic components by atomic force microcopy," Colloid. Polym. Sci. 281, 569-574 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

S. Wong, V. Kitaev and G. A. Ozin, "Colloidal crystal films: Advances in universality and perfection," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 15589-15598 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys.

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, B. Yee, K Clays, A. Persoons, G. de Schaetzen and L. Hellemans, "Optical properties and orientation of arrays of polystyrene spheres deposited using convective self-assembly," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 10752-10757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci.

C. Reese and S. Asher, "Emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization produces highly charged, monodisperse particles for near infrared photonic crystals," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 248, 41-46 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

A. Chiappini, C. Armellini, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, M. Matterelli, M. Montagna, E. Moser, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, G.C. Righini, M. Clara Gonçalves and R.M. Almeida, "Design of photonic structures by sol-gel-derived silica nanospheres," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 674-678 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.

J. F. Galisteo, F. García-Santamaría, D. Golmayo, B. H. Juárez, C. López and E. Palacios, "Self-assembly approach to optical metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S244-S254 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter

V. Yannopapas, N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, "Theoretical analysis of the photonic band structure of face-centred cubic colloidal crystals," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 10261-10270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir

K. Wostyn, Y. Zhao, G. de Schaetzen, L. Hellemans, N. Matsuda, K. Clays and A. Persoons, "Insertion of two-dimensional cavity into a self-assembled colloidal crystal," Langmuir 19, 4465-4468 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Chem Phys.

M. Egen and R. Zentel, "Surfactant-free emulsion polymerization of various methacrylates: towards monodisperse colloids for polymer opals," Macromol. Chem Phys. 205, 1479-1488 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Lett. A

W. L. Vos and H. M. van Driel, "Higher order Bragg diffraction by strongly photonic fcc crystals: onset of a photonic bandgap," Phys. Lett. A 272, 101-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. F. Galisteo-López and C. López, "High-energy optical response of artificial opals," Phys. Rev. B70, 035108 1-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, M. Patrini, A Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and C. López, "Effective refractive index and group velocity determination of three-dimensional photonic crystals by means of white light interferometry," Phys. Rev. B 73, 125103 1-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Baryshev, A. B. Khanikaev, H. Uchida, M. Inoue and M. F. Limonov, "Interaction of polarized light with three-dimensional opal-based photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033103 1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

E. Pavarini, L. C. Andreani, C. Soci, M. Galli, F. Marabelli and D. Comoretto, "Band structure and optical properties of opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B  72, 045102 1-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096-R10099 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Dorado, R. A. Depine and H. Míguez, "Effect of extinction on the high-energy optical response of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 241101(R) 1-4 (2007).
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A. Reynolds, F. López-Tejeira, D. Cassagne, F. J. García-Vidal, C. Jouanin and J. Sánchez-Dehesa, "Spectral properties of opal-based photonic crystals having a SiO2 matrix," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11422-11426 (1999).
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H. M. van Driel and W. L. Vos, "Multiple Bragg wave coupling in photonic band-gap crystals," Phys. Rev. B 62, 9872-9875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

A. Balestreri, L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, "Optical properties and diffraction effects in opal photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E  74, 036603 1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

S. G. Romanov, T. Maka, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Müller, R. Zentel, D. Cassagne, J. Manzanares-Martinez and C. Jouanin, "Diffraction of light from thin-film polymethylmetacrylate opaline photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 63, 056603 1-5 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Galisteo-López and W. L. Vos, "Angle-resolved reflectivity of single-domain photonic crystals: Effects of disorder," Phys. Rev. E 66, 036616 1-5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
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O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
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Solid State Elec.

S. Bosch, J. Ferré-Borrull and J. Sancho-Parramon, "A general-purpose software for optical characterization of thin films: specific features for microelectronic applications," Solid State Electron. 45, 703-709 (2001).
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<jrn>. J. F. Galisteo-López, E. Palacios-Lidón, E. Castillo-Martínez and C. López, "Optical study of the pseudogap in thickness and orientation controlled artificial opals," Phys. Rev. B 68, 115109 1-8 (2003).</jrn>
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F. García-Santamaría, J. F. Galisteo-López, P. V. Braun and C. López, "Optical diffraction and high-energy features in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 195112 1-5 (2005).</jrn>
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM image of one sample showing the high hexagonal order of the surface. The sphere diameter was estimated to be 330 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Refractive index dispersion of P(S/HEMA) material measured by SE (black line). Refractive index dispersion for fcc opal PhC calculated using Eq.(1) (red line).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectrum at normal incidence for a P(S/HEMA) PhC.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized reflectance spectrum taken with an angle of incidence θ=20°. Three peaks centred at λ=750 nm (P1), λ=446 nm (P2) and λ=392 nm (P3) can be clearly observed.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Angle resolved reflectance spectra for incident angle between 20° (bottom) and 70° (top). The spectra are shifted along the intensity axis for clarity.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Peak splitting with avoided crossing for incident angles between 53° and 58°. In addition to P1, a new peak (P4) appears at lower wavelengths. For larger θ P1 tends to disappear and only P4 remains.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

θ-dependency of the four main peaks wavelengths reported in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 (red squares). Solid lines indicate the Bragg law predictions for diffraction by (111), (200), (220) and (222) sets of planes using Eq. (2).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Photonic band structure (solid lines) of P(S/HEMA) opal PhCs along Γ-L, L-U and U-X directions of the reciprocal space. The red squares are the experimental peaks observed in the angle resolved reflectance spectra.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n eff 2 = ( 1 f ) · n air 2 + f · n P ( S HEMA ) 2
λ ( hkl ) = 2 · d ( hkl ) · n eff 1 sin 2 r ( hkl )

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