Abstract

We demonstrate electronic post-compensation for nonlinear phase fluctuation in a 1000-km 20-Gbit/s optical quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) transmission system, where group-velocity dispersion is well managed. The inter-symbol interference (ISI) at the transmitter induces the nonlinear phase fluctuation through self-phase modulation (SPM) of the signal transmitted through a fiber. However, when the optimized phase shift proportional to the intensity fluctuation is given to the complex amplitude of the signal electric field by using a digital coherent receiver, the nonlinear phase fluctuation can be reduced effectively.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Xu and X. Liu, "Postnonlinearity compensation with data-driven phase modulators in phase-shift keying transmission," Opt. Lett. 27, 1619-1621 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Kikuchi, "Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation," IEEE J. Selected Topics on Quantum Electron. 12, 563-570 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Coherent detection of optical quadrature phase-shift keying signals with carrier phase estimation," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 12-21 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Wang, K. Kikuchi, and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using non-return-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion," IEICE Trans. on Electron.E 82-C, 1407-1413 (1999).
  13. S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

K. Kikuchi, "Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation," IEEE J. Selected Topics on Quantum Electron. 12, 563-570 (2006).

D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Coherent detection of optical quadrature phase-shift keying signals with carrier phase estimation," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 12-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, "Electronic compensation technique to mitigate nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 779-783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

X. Wang, K. Kikuchi, and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using non-return-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion," IEICE Trans. on Electron.E 82-C, 1407-1413 (1999).

1997 (1)

C. Lorattanasane and K. Kikuchi, "Design theory of long-distance optical transmission systems using midway optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 948-955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Abe, J.

Gnauck, A. H.

Gordon, J.P.

Ho, K.-P.

Ishida, K.

Izutsu, M.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

Kasahara, K.

Katoh, K.

Kawanishi, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Coherent detection of optical quadrature phase-shift keying signals with carrier phase estimation," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 12-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, "Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation," IEEE J. Selected Topics on Quantum Electron. 12, 563-570 (2006).

X. Wang, K. Kikuchi, and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using non-return-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion," IEICE Trans. on Electron.E 82-C, 1407-1413 (1999).

C. Lorattanasane and K. Kikuchi, "Design theory of long-distance optical transmission systems using midway optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 948-955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kinjo, K.

Kobayashi, T.

Kubodera, K.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lorattanasane, C.

C. Lorattanasane and K. Kikuchi, "Design theory of long-distance optical transmission systems using midway optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 948-955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ly-Gagnon, D.-S.

McKinstrie, C.J.

Mitsugi, N.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

Mollenauer, L.F.

Motoshima, K.

Oikawa, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saitou, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsu, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R.

Takushima, Y.

X. Wang, K. Kikuchi, and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using non-return-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion," IEICE Trans. on Electron.E 82-C, 1407-1413 (1999).

Tsukamoto, S.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, K. Kikuchi, and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using non-return-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion," IEICE Trans. on Electron.E 82-C, 1407-1413 (1999).

Wei, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, X. Wei, R. Slusher, and C.J. McKinstrie, "Improving transmission performance in differential phase-shift-keyed systems by use of lumped nonlinear phase-shift compensation," Opt. Lett. 27,1616-1618 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Xu, C.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu and X. Liu, "Postnonlinearity compensation with data-driven phase modulators in phase-shift keying transmission," Opt. Lett. 27, 1619-1621 (2002)
[CrossRef]

E (1)

X. Wang, K. Kikuchi, and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using non-return-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion," IEICE Trans. on Electron.E 82-C, 1407-1413 (1999).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Lorattanasane and K. Kikuchi, "Design theory of long-distance optical transmission systems using midway optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 948-955 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Topics on Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Kikuchi, "Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation," IEEE J. Selected Topics on Quantum Electron. 12, 563-570 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

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