Abstract

We have proposed and demonstrated the basic elements of a full matrix optical switching circuit (cross-connect circuit) using a hitless wavelength selective switch (WSS). The cross-connect circuits are made of a multi-wavelength channel selective switch consisting of cascaded hitless WSSs, and a multi-port switch. These switching elements are realized through the individual Thermo-Optic (TO) tuning of a series-coupled microring resonator, and can switch arbitrary wavelength channels without blocking other wavelength channels during tuning. We demonstrate a four wave-length selective switch using a parallel topology of double series coupled microring resonators and a three wavelength selective switch using a parallel topology of quadruple series coupled microring resonators. Since the spectrum shape of quadruple series coupled microring is much more box-like than the double series, a high extinction ratio of 39.0–46.6 dB and low witching cross talk of 19.3–24.5 dB were achieved.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. J. Emelett and R. Soref, "Design and simulation of silicon microring optical routing switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 23,1800-1807 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Kokubun, "Vertically coupled microring resonator filter for integrated add/drop node," IEICE Trans. Electron. 88-C,349-362 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, "Compact full C-band tunable filters for 50 GHz channel spacing based on high order micro-ring resonators," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-PD9.
  11. Y. Yanagase, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kokubun, "Wavelength tunable polymer microring resonator filter with 9.4nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 39,922-924 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Yamagata, Y. Yanagase, and Y. Kokubun, "Wide-range tunable microring resonator filter by thermo-optic effect in polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43,5766-5770 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Yamagata, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Non-blocking wavelength channel switch using TO effect of doubles series coupled microring resonator," Electron. Lett. 41,593-595 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Fast and stable wavelength selective switch using double-series coupled dielectric microring resonator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18,538-540 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Multiwavelength and multiport hitless wavelength-selective switch using series-coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19,671-673 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,Wei Chen, Wenlu Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, "Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 24,77-87 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Multiwavelength and multiport hitless wavelength-selective switch using series-coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19,671-673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

S. Yamagata, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Non-blocking wavelength channel switch using TO effect of doubles series coupled microring resonator," Electron. Lett. 41,593-595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Emelett and R. Soref, "Design and simulation of silicon microring optical routing switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 23,1800-1807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kokubun, "Vertically coupled microring resonator filter for integrated add/drop node," IEICE Trans. Electron. 88-C,349-362 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Yamagata, Y. Yanagase, and Y. Kokubun, "Wide-range tunable microring resonator filter by thermo-optic effect in polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43,5766-5770 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Yanagase, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kokubun, "Wavelength tunable polymer microring resonator filter with 9.4nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 39,922-924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Banwell, T.

Bond, A. E.

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,Wei Chen, Wenlu Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, "Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 24,77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Emelett, S. J.

Etemad, S.

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goebuchi, Y.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Multiwavelength and multiport hitless wavelength-selective switch using series-coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19,671-673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Fast and stable wavelength selective switch using double-series coupled dielectric microring resonator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18,538-540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hagness, S. C.

S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hanai, T.

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hatakeyama, Y.

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J.

Kaneko, T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kato, T.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Multiwavelength and multiport hitless wavelength-selective switch using series-coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19,671-673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Fast and stable wavelength selective switch using double-series coupled dielectric microring resonator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18,538-540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamagata, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Non-blocking wavelength channel switch using TO effect of doubles series coupled microring resonator," Electron. Lett. 41,593-595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Multiwavelength and multiport hitless wavelength-selective switch using series-coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19,671-673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Fast and stable wavelength selective switch using double-series coupled dielectric microring resonator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18,538-540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamagata, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Non-blocking wavelength channel switch using TO effect of doubles series coupled microring resonator," Electron. Lett. 41,593-595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kokubun, "Vertically coupled microring resonator filter for integrated add/drop node," IEICE Trans. Electron. 88-C,349-362 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamagata, Y. Yanagase, and Y. Kokubun, "Wide-range tunable microring resonator filter by thermo-optic effect in polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43,5766-5770 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yanagase, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kokubun, "Wavelength tunable polymer microring resonator filter with 9.4nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 39,922-924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J. -P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. K.

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,Wei Chen, Wenlu Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, "Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 24,77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menendez, R.

Mizuno, T.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O’brien, J.

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ogata, M.

M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oguma, M.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rafizadeh, D.

S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, T.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

Suzuki, K.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taflove, A.

S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tishinin, D. V.

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toliver, P.

Yamagata, S.

S. Yamagata, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Non-blocking wavelength channel switch using TO effect of doubles series coupled microring resonator," Electron. Lett. 41,593-595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamagata, Y. Yanagase, and Y. Kokubun, "Wide-range tunable microring resonator filter by thermo-optic effect in polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43,5766-5770 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yanagase, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kokubun, "Wavelength tunable polymer microring resonator filter with 9.4nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 39,922-924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yanagase, Y.

S. Yamagata, Y. Yanagase, and Y. Kokubun, "Wide-range tunable microring resonator filter by thermo-optic effect in polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43,5766-5770 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yanagase, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kokubun, "Wavelength tunable polymer microring resonator filter with 9.4nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 39,922-924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoda, Y.

M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Young, J.

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. Yamagata, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Non-blocking wavelength channel switch using TO effect of doubles series coupled microring resonator," Electron. Lett. 41,593-595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yanagase, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kokubun, "Wavelength tunable polymer microring resonator filter with 9.4nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 39,922-924 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (10)

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Fast and stable wavelength selective switch using double-series coupled dielectric microring resonator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18,538-540 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Goebuchi, T. Kato, and Y. Kokubun, "Multiwavelength and multiport hitless wavelength-selective switch using series-coupled microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19,671-673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hatakeyama, T. Hanai, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Loss-less multilevel crossing of busline waveguide in vertically coupled microring resonator filter," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,473-475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, T. Mizuno,M. Oguma, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and A. Himeno, "Low loss fully reconfigurable wavelength-selective optical 1xN switch based on transversal filter configuration using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16,1480-1482 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokubun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Ogata, Y. Yoda, S. Suzuki, and Y. Kokubun, "Ultracompact vertically coupled microring resonator with buried vacuum cladding structure," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,103-105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, "Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12,323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, "Vertically coupled glass microring resonator channel dropping filters," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,215-217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, "An eight-channel add-drop filter using vertically coupled microring resonators over a cross grid," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,691-693 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Tishinin, P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond, I. Kim, C. K. Lin, and J. O’brien, "Vertical resonant couplers with precise coupling efficiency control fabricated by wafer bonding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11,1003-1005 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

Y. Kokubun, "Vertically coupled microring resonator filter for integrated add/drop node," IEICE Trans. Electron. 88-C,349-362 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. -P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hagness, D. Rafizadeh, S. T. Ho, and A. Taflove, "FDTD microcavity simulations: design and experimental realization of waveguide-coupled single-mode ring and whispering-gallery-mode diskresonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,2154-2165 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Emelett and R. Soref, "Design and simulation of silicon microring optical routing switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 23,1800-1807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu,Wei Chen, Wenlu Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, "Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 24,77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Yamagata, Y. Yanagase, and Y. Kokubun, "Wide-range tunable microring resonator filter by thermo-optic effect in polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43,5766-5770 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, "Compact full C-band tunable filters for 50 GHz channel spacing based on high order micro-ring resonators," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PD9. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-PD9.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Full matrix optical switching circuit using hitless WSS.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Perspective view of hitless wavelength channel selective switch.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Definition of parameters of quadruple series-coupled microring resonator.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical microscope image of quadruple series-coupled microring resonator with heaters.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Four wavelengths channel selective switching spectrum of through port response (Double-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Four wavelengths selective switching spectrum of drop port response (Double-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Two wavelength selective switching spectrum of drop port response (Double-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Three wavelength channel selective switching spectrum of through port response (Quadruple-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Three wavelength selective switching spectrum of drop port response (Quadruple-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

One wavelength selective switching spectrum of drop port response (Quadruple-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Adjacent two wavelength channel selective switching spectrum of drop port response (Double-series coupled microring WSS).

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Adjacent two wavelength channel selective switching spectrum of through port response (Double-series coupled microring WSS).

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Power consumption of individual resonators (4~0λ selection). The number pairs in the parenthesis indicate the supplied electric power of individual microring pairs indicated in the top line of each column. ON and OFF indicate the switching status of each switch element.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Power consumption of individual resonators (3~0λ selection). The combination of numbers in the parenthesis indicate the supplied electric power of individual microrings indicated in the top line of each column. ON and OFF indicate the switching status of each switching element.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Comparison of drop port responses between double and quadruple series coupled microring WSS

Tables Icon

Table 4. Comparison of through port responses between double and quadruple series coupled microring WSS

Metrics