Abstract

We demonstrate electro-optical tuning of single quantum dots (QDs) embedded in high-quality (high-Q) micropillar cavities by exploiting the quantum confined Stark effect (QCSE). Combining electrically contacted high-Q micropillars and large In0.3Ga0.7As QDs with high oscillator strength facilitates the realization of strong coupling. In our experiments a single QD exciton was electrically tuned on resonance with a cavity mode of a micropillar with 1.9µm diameter and a quality-factor (Q-factor) of 14,000 enabling the observation of strong coupling with a vacuum Rabi-Splitting of 63µeV.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008

2007

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

I. D???Amico and F. Rossi,"Field-induced Coulomb coupling in semiconductor macroatoms: Application to singleelectron quantum devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1676-1678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, Lidong Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Andreani, G. Panzarini, and J. M. Gerard, "Strong-coupling regime for quantum boxes in pillar microcavities: Theory," Phys. Rev. B 66, 13276-13279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Al-Khafaji, M.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

L. C. Andreani, G. Panzarini, and J. M. Gerard, "Strong-coupling regime for quantum boxes in pillar microcavities: Theory," Phys. Rev. B 66, 13276-13279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Awschalom, D. D.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barker, J. A.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becher, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, Lidong Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burkard, G.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clark, J. C.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cullis, A. G.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D???Amico, I.

I. D???Amico and F. Rossi,"Field-induced Coulomb coupling in semiconductor macroatoms: Application to singleelectron quantum devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1676-1678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

David, J. P. R.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DiVincenzo, D. P.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faraon, A.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finley, J. J.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fry, P. W.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fushman, I.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerard, J. M.

L. C. Andreani, G. Panzarini, and J. M. Gerard, "Strong-coupling regime for quantum boxes in pillar microcavities: Theory," Phys. Rev. B 66, 13276-13279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hill, G.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofmann, C.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hopkinson, M.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Itskevich, I. E.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keldysh, L. V.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

Kim, S.-H.

Kiraz, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, Lidong Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhn, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L¨offler, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Larkin, I. A.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.-H.

Loss, D.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maksym, P. A.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michler, P.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, Lidong Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mowbray, D. J.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O???Reilly, E. P.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panzarini, G.

L. C. Andreani, G. Panzarini, and J. M. Gerard, "Strong-coupling regime for quantum boxes in pillar microcavities: Theory," Phys. Rev. B 66, 13276-13279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-G.

Petroff, P.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinecke, T. L.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reithmaier, J. P.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reitzenstein, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, F.

I. D???Amico and F. Rossi,"Field-induced Coulomb coupling in semiconductor macroatoms: Application to singleelectron quantum devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1676-1678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Se¸k, G.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seo, M.-K.

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sherwin, M.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Skolnick, M. S.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small, A.

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stoltz, N.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, L. R.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.-K.

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

I. D???Amico and F. Rossi,"Field-induced Coulomb coupling in semiconductor macroatoms: Application to singleelectron quantum devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1676-1678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (London)

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Se¸k, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature (London) 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

L. C. Andreani, G. Panzarini, and J. M. Gerard, "Strong-coupling regime for quantum boxes in pillar microcavities: Theory," Phys. Rev. B 66, 13276-13279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. W. Fry, I. E. Itskevich, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, J. J. Finley, J. A. Barker, E. P. O???Reilly, L. R. Wilson, I. A. Larkin, P. A. Maksym, M. Hopkinson, M. Al-Khafaji, J. P. R. David, A. G. Cullis, G. Hill, and J. C. Clark, "Inverted electron-hole alignment in InAs-GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 733-736 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Imamoglu, D. D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D. P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, "Quantum Information Processing Using Quantum Dot Spins and Cavity QED," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204-4207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, Lidong Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282-2285 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaitre, J. Hours, J. M. Gerard, and J. Bloch, "Exciton-photon strongcoupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401-1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Finley, M. Sabathil, P. Vogl, G. Abstreiter, R. Oulton, A. I. Tartakovskii, D. J. Mowbray, M. S. Skolnick, S. L. Liew, A. G. Cullis, M. Hopkinson, "Quantum-confined Stark shifts of charged exciton complexes in quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201308-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Reitzenstein, C. Hofmann, A. Gorbunov, M. Strauss, S. H. Kwon, C. Schneider, A. Loffler, S. Hofling, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, "AlAs/GaAs micropillar cavities with quality factors exceeding 150,000," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 251109-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bayer and A. Forchel, "Temperature dependence of the exciton homogeneous linewidth in In0.60Ga0.40As/GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 65, 041308-1-4 (2002).

A. Faraon, D. Englund, I. Fushman, J. Vuckovic, N. Stoltz, and P. Petroff, "Local quantum dot tuning on photonic crystal chips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 213110-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamoglu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Rastelli, A. Ulhaq, S. Kiravittaya, L. Wang, A. Zrenner, and O. G. Schmidt, "In situ laser microprocessing of single self-assembled quantum dots and optical microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 73120-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mosor, J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Scanning a photonic crystal slab nanocavity by condensation of xenon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 141105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett.  92, 043123-1-3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Bockler, S. Reitzenstein, C. Kistner, R. Debusmann, A. Loffler, T. Kida, S. Hofling, A. Forchel, L. Grenouillet, J. Claudon, J. M. Gerard, "Electrically driven high-Q quantum dot-micropillar cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091107-1-3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Hofbauer, S. Grimminger, J. Angele, G. Bohm, R. Meyer, M. C. Amann, and J. J. Finley, "Electrically probing photonic bandgap phenomena in contacted defect nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201111-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Sketch of the device. (b) Schematic band diagram of the structure at reverse bias. (c) Typical I-V characteristics of a 1.9 µm diameter device. Inset: SEM image of the top ring contact.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Contour plot of µPL spectra showing the fundamental mode (C1, C2) and several QD emission lines for increasing reverse bias. (b) µPL spectra in an narrow section around the fundamental cavity modes C1 and C2 showing a intensity enhancement for X1 and a broadening of the emission spectrum when resonance is is achieved for X3 and C1. (c) Energy dispersion for C1, C2 as well as for X1, X2 and X3, respectively. (d) Energy dispersion for C1 and X3 obtained from high-resolution measurements. Inset: High-resolution µPL spectra at resonance.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) µPL Spectra of MP2 for varying reverse bias from Vbias =-0.29V to -0.80V. A pronounced anti-crossing can be observed, owing to strong coupling. At Vbias =-0.52 V (red spectrum) the QD is tuned on resonance with the fundamental cavity mode C1. (b) Spectrum of the coupled QD-cavity-system at resonance exhibiting a vacuum Rabi-splitting of 63 µeV. The solid lines are Lorentzian fits to the coupled QD-cavity (C1)-system (green) and the second fundamental cavity mode C2 (blue). (c) Energy shift of the fundamental modes C1 and C2, as well as of X for varying reverse bias. (d) Linewidth of the fundamental mode C1 and the cavity for varying reverse bias.

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