Abstract

Free-standing, 8 nm diameter, rare-earth doped nanoparticles Re10Pb25F65 have been prepared, where Re stands for either single rare-earth ion, such as Er3+, Yb3+, Eu3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Tm3+ or combinations of those ions. The nanoparticles have been extracted by chemical etching from the oxyfluoride nano-glass-ceramics template and analyzed by transmission electron microscope with energy dispersion spectroscopy. The nanoparticles show durable up-conversion photoluminescence, which is neither concentration nor impurity quenched after 6 months ageing in ambient atmosphere. High doping levels in these nanoparticles ensure high, up to 15%, quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, " Luminescent images of single gold nanoparticles and their labeling on silica beads," Opt. Express 15, 13415-13420 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Matsuura, "Red, green and blue up-conversion luminescence of trivalent rare earth ion-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4528-4528 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Auzel, "Up-conversion and anti-Stokes processes with d and f ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 105, 139-173 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, C. Görller-Walrand, and M. Mortier, " Broadband telecommunication wavelength emission in Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics," Opt. Express 15, 9535-9540 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Mortier and G. Patriarche, "Oxide glass used as inorganic template for fluorescent fluoride nano-particle synthesis," Opt. Mater. 28, 1401-1409 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).
  12. D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, "The crystal structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral," J. Solid State Chem. 44, 75-81 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, C. Görller-Walrand, and M. Mortier, " Broadband telecommunication wavelength emission in Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics," Opt. Express 15, 9535-9540 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, " Luminescent images of single gold nanoparticles and their labeling on silica beads," Opt. Express 15, 13415-13420 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Mortier and G. Patriarche, "Oxide glass used as inorganic template for fluorescent fluoride nano-particle synthesis," Opt. Mater. 28, 1401-1409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Auzel, "Up-conversion and anti-Stokes processes with d and f ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 105, 139-173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Matsuura, "Red, green and blue up-conversion luminescence of trivalent rare earth ion-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4528-4528 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, "The crystal structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral," J. Solid State Chem. 44, 75-81 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aigouy, L.

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, "Up-conversion and anti-Stokes processes with d and f ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 105, 139-173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Axmann, Y.

B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beggiora, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bevan, D. J. M.

D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, "The crystal structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral," J. Solid State Chem. 44, 75-81 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Biner, D.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De la Rosa, E.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

del-Castillo, J.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

Desirena, H.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Driesen, K.

Fallert, J.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

Furniss, D.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Görller-Walrand, C.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, C. Görller-Walrand, and M. Mortier, " Broadband telecommunication wavelength emission in Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics," Opt. Express 15, 9535-9540 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greis, O.

D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, "The crystal structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral," J. Solid State Chem. 44, 75-81 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, J.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Güdel, H. U.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hauschild, R.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, H.

B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Juliè, G.

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalt, H.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kamimura, T.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Klingshirn, C.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krämer, K. W.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

Lalanne, P.

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mathet, V.

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuura, D.

D. Matsuura, "Red, green and blue up-conversion luminescence of trivalent rare earth ion-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4528-4528 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Méndez-Ramos, J.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Messing, G. L.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Montagna, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mortier, M.

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, C. Görller-Walrand, and M. Mortier, " Broadband telecommunication wavelength emission in Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics," Opt. Express 15, 9535-9540 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mortier and G. Patriarche, "Oxide glass used as inorganic template for fluorescent fluoride nano-particle synthesis," Opt. Mater. 28, 1401-1409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patriarche, G.

M. Mortier and G. Patriarche, "Oxide glass used as inorganic template for fluorescent fluoride nano-particle synthesis," Opt. Mater. 28, 1401-1409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petri-Fink, A.

B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reaney, I. M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez, V. D.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

Rodríquez, V. D.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rolli, R.

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shabet, S.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shulzgen, A.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steitz, B.

B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stelzl, F.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Strähle, J.

D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, "The crystal structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral," J. Solid State Chem. 44, 75-81 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Suyver, J. F.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, C. Görller-Walrand, and M. Mortier, " Broadband telecommunication wavelength emission in Yb3+-Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped nano-glass-ceramics," Opt. Express 15, 9535-9540 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Veen, M. K.

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wissinger, M.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, "Progress in ceramics lasers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 36, 397-429 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Matsuura, "Red, green and blue up-conversion luminescence of trivalent rare earth ion-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4528-4528 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, "Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1937-1939 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

F. Auzel, "Up-conversion and anti-Stokes processes with d and f ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 105, 139-173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríquez, and D. Furniss, "Infrared tuneable up-conversion phosphor based on Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Alloys Compd. 440, 328-334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

J. F. Suyver, J. Grimm, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, "Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+," J. Lumin. 117, 1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Steitz, Y. Axmann, H. Hofmann, and A. Petri-Fink, " Optical properties of annealed Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles," J. Lumin. 128, 92-99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, "Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion luminescence in Er3+-doped nano-glass-ceramics," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 1-4 (2008).

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, A. Shulzgen, S. Shabet, and N. Peyghambarian, "Er3 and Yb3+ concentration effect in the spectroscopic properties and energy transfer in Yb3+/ Er3 codoped tellurite glasses," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 095102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, "The crystal structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral," J. Solid State Chem. 44, 75-81 (1982).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Mortier and G. Patriarche, "Oxide glass used as inorganic template for fluorescent fluoride nano-particle synthesis," Opt. Mater. 28, 1401-1409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Juliè, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, "Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nano-slit apertures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig.. 1.
Fig.. 1.

High resolution transmission electron microscope image (a) and selected area electron diffraction pattern (b) obtained from the Dy3+-doped nanoparticles of approximate composition Dy10Pb25F65.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorbance spectra of 0.3 mm thick pellet made of Ho3+-doped nanoparticles at 1 ton pressing for 30 minutes (thin blue line) and 5 ton pressing for 30 minutes (thick red line). The peaks in spectra correspond to absorption bands of Ho3+.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Time resolved up-conversion luminescence spectra taken on crystalline nanopowders Re10Pb25F65, where Re stands for dopant Er3+ (a) and co-dopants Yb3+-Er3+ (b). The emission was excited by OPO laser at 975 nm, 5 ns pulse duration and 10 Hz pulse repetition rate. Delay (microsecond) represents time after single excitation pulse. The laser was focused on the powder placed in a Pyrex ampoule sealed under vacuum resulting in pump power of 20 W/cm2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Energy level diagram of Er3+ and Yb3+. Excitation and emission transitions are showed by solid up- and down-headed arrows, respectively. Dash lines show energy transfer processes between Yb3+ and Er3+ ions, which result in up-conversion luminescence of Er3+ [7,14,15]. Wavy solid lines show phonon emission processes required for matching excitation quanta with the respective energy levels of Er3+.

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