Abstract

Previously, pulses shorter than 4 fs were generated by compressing white light from gas-filled hollow-core fibers with adaptive phase modulators; however, the energy of the few-cycle pulses was limited to 15 µJ. Here, we report the generation of 550 µJ, 5 fs pulses by using a liquid crystal spatial light modulator in a grating-based 4f system. The high pulse energy was obtained by improving the throughput of the phase modulator and by increasing the input laser energy. When the pulses were used in high harmonic generation, it was found that the harmonic spectra depend strongly on the high order spectral phases of the driving laser fields.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

S. Ghimire, B. Shan, C. Wang and Z. Chang, "High-energy 6.2-fs pulses for attosecond pulse generation," Laser Phys. 15, 838-842 (2005).

2004 (4)

2003 (2)

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagire, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

F. L. Légaré, J. M. Fraser, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Adaptive compression of intense 250-nm-bandwidth laser pulses," App. Phys. B 74 [Suppl.], S279-S282 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pusles," Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

S. Chelkowski, P. B. Corkum, and A. D. Bandrauk, " Femtosecond coulomb explosion imaging of vibrational wave functions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3416-3419 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagire, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalieri, A. L.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghimire, B. Shan, C. Wang and Z. Chang, "High-energy 6.2-fs pulses for attosecond pulse generation," Laser Phys. 15, 838-842 (2005).

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chelkowski, S.

S. Chelkowski, P. B. Corkum, and A. D. Bandrauk, " Femtosecond coulomb explosion imaging of vibrational wave functions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3416-3419 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Z.

Cho, S. H.

Christov, I.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Coello, Y.

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

F. L. Légaré, J. M. Fraser, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Adaptive compression of intense 250-nm-bandwidth laser pulses," App. Phys. B 74 [Suppl.], S279-S282 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Chelkowski, P. B. Corkum, and A. D. Bandrauk, " Femtosecond coulomb explosion imaging of vibrational wave functions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3416-3419 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dantus, M.

De Silvestri, S.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagire, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dela Cruz, J. M.

Ferencz, K.

Fie??, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, J. M.

F. L. Légaré, J. M. Fraser, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Adaptive compression of intense 250-nm-bandwidth laser pulses," App. Phys. B 74 [Suppl.], S279-S282 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujumoto, J. G.

Fürbach, A.

Ghimire, S.

S. Ghimire, B. Shan, C. Wang and Z. Chang, "High-energy 6.2-fs pulses for attosecond pulse generation," Laser Phys. 15, 838-842 (2005).

Gilbertson, S.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gunn, J. M.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, D. A.

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helml, W.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horvath, B.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hou, B.

Ippen, E. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagire, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, S. D.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kito, T.

Kleineberg, U.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Cheng, A. Fürbach, S. Sartania, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Amplitude and chirp characterization of high-power laser pulses in the 5-fs regime," Opt. Lett. 24, 247-249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann and F. Krausz, "Chirped multilayer coating for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers," Opt. Lett. 19, 201-203 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Légaré, F. L.

F. L. Légaré, J. M. Fraser, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Adaptive compression of intense 250-nm-bandwidth laser pulses," App. Phys. B 74 [Suppl.], S279-S282 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lozovoy, V. V.

Mashiko, H.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morita, R.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pusles," Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

Murnane, M. M.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, C. M.

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, N. M.

Nees, J.

Nisoli, M.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagire, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1987-1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oka, K.

Paulus, G. G.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peatross, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Priori, E.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rundquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

Sartania, S.

Schenkel, B.

Schultze, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers," Phys Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, B.

S. Ghimire, B. Shan, C. Wang and Z. Chang, "High-energy 6.2-fs pulses for attosecond pulse generation," Laser Phys. 15, 838-842 (2005).

Sokolov, I. V.

Spielmann, C.

Spielmann, Ch.

Stagira, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagire, S.

Steinmeyer, G.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pusles," Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Suguro, A.

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Tackett, J.

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veisz, L.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

F. L. Légaré, J. M. Fraser, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Adaptive compression of intense 250-nm-bandwidth laser pulses," App. Phys. B 74 [Suppl.], S279-S282 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

S. Ghimire, B. Shan, C. Wang and Z. Chang, "High-energy 6.2-fs pulses for attosecond pulse generation," Laser Phys. 15, 838-842 (2005).

Wang, H.

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonics emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, R30 - R33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Zhang, Z.

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Enhanced high-harmonic generation using 25 fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752-755 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Moon, H. Wang, J. Tackett and Z. Chang, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilized 5.6 fs, 1.2 mJ pulses," App. Phys. Lett. 90, 161114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phy. B (1)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phy. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. L. Légaré, J. M. Fraser, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Adaptive compression of intense 250-nm-bandwidth laser pulses," App. Phys. B 74 [Suppl.], S279-S282 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, "Quasi-automatic phase-control technique for chirp compensation of pulse with over-one-octave bandwidth-generation of few-to mono-cycle optical pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 213-222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

S. Ghimire, B. Shan, C. Wang and Z. Chang, "High-energy 6.2-fs pulses for attosecond pulse generation," Laser Phys. 15, 838-842 (2005).

Nature (3)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M, Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (2)

A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fie??, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz and R. Kienberger, "Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-X-ray harmonic continua," New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics," New J. Phys. 9, 243 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The adaptive phase modulator. After hollow-core fiber the chirped white-light pulses were sent to the spatial light modulator through gratings (G1, G2) and cylindrical mirrors (CLM1, CLM2). The output beam was directed to the BBO. The central SH beam was used for FROG measurement, and one side SH beam was used as MIIPS feedback signal. The α-BBO polarizer and the BG3 band-pass filter worked together to eliminate the fundamental beam. The MIIPS retrieved phase was applied on SLM to compress the pulse. BS: beam splitter, CP: compensation plate, SM: spherical mirror. The dashed line represents the feedback loop.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The white-light spectrum before the phase modulator (blue) and after the phase modulator (red). The inset shows the transform-limited pulses for both spectra..

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The MIIPS traces (α=5, γ=7 fs). (a) from the first iteration; (b) from the last iteration; (c) the phase determined by the last iteration and the corresponding pulse duration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Characterization of the laser pulse by the FROG. (a) The measured FROG trace. (b) The reconstructed FROG trace. (c) The retrieved pulse shape and phase (dashed curve). (d) The retrieved power spectrum and phase (dashed curve) and independently measured spectrum (dotted curve). (e) The FROG frequency marginal (dotted red curve) and the autoconvolution (solid black curve) of the measured spectrum from hollow-core fiber. The FROG error is 0.5%, and the trace is at 256×256 grids.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of high order harmonic spectra on the high order phases of the driving laser pulses

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