Abstract

We report a novel vector model of Raman amplification in a fiber with randomly varying birefringence and unidirectional spin profile. Applying the model, we demonstrate for the first time simultaneous mitigation of polarization mode dispersion and polarization dependence of the Raman gain.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

PDF Article
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References

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  1. A. J. Barlow, J. J. Ramskov-Hansen, and D. N. Payne, “Birefringence and polarization mode-dispersion in spun single-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2962–2968 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  3. I. G. Clarke, “Temperature-stable spun elliptical-core optical-fiber current transducer,” Opt. Lett. 18, 158–160 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Wang and Ch.-Q. Xu, “Spun FBG sensors with low polarization dependence under transverse force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 477–479 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. X. Zhu and R. Jain, “Detailed analysis of evolution of the state of polarization in all-fiber polarization transformers,” Opt. Express 14, 10261–10277 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Hart, R. G. Huff, and K. L. Walker, “Method of making a fiber having low polarization mode dispersion due to a permanent spin,” U.S. Patent 5298047 (1994).
  8. P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).
  9. R. E. Schuh, X. Shan, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Polarization mode dispersion in spun fibers with different linear birefringence and spinning parameters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1583–1588 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. J. Li and D. A. Nolan, “Fiber spin-profile designs for producing fibers with low polarization mode dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1659–1661 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. A. Nolan, X. Chen, and M.-J. Li, “Fibers with low polarization-mode dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1066–1077 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and A. Pizzinat, “Optimized spinning design for low PMD fibers: an analytical approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1502–1512 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, A. Pizzinat, and L. Palmieri, “Calculation of mean differential group delay of periodically spun randomly birefringent fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 692–694 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. Bouquet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, and P. Nouchi, “Analytical solution of polarization mode dispersion for triangular spun fibers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2118–2120 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. G. Ellison and A. S. Siddiqui, “Using polarimetric optical time domain reflectometry to extract spun fiber parameters,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 148, 176–182 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, “Measure of spin period in randomly-birefringent low-PMD fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131–1133 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. N. Islam, C. DeWilde, and A. Kuditcher “Wideband Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2: Sub-Systems and Systems, ed. Islam,M. N. (Springer, 2004), pp. 445–490.
  22. E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. Q. Lin and G. P. Agrawal, “Vector theory of stimulated Raman scattering and its application to fiber-based Raman amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1616–1631 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262, 114–119 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Polarization dependent gain and gain fluctuations in a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1119–1122 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Popov, S. Sergeyev, and A. T. Friberg, “The impact of pump polarization on the polarization dependence of the Raman gain due to the breaking of a fiber’s circular symmetry,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, S72–S76 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).
  28. T. Tokura, T. Kogure, T. Sugihara, K. Shimizu, T. Mizuochi, and K. Motoshima, “Efficient pump depolarizer analysis for distributed Raman amplifier with low polarization dependence of gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3889–3896 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

Y. Wang and Ch.-Q. Xu, “Spun FBG sensors with low polarization dependence under transverse force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 477–479 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Polarization dependent gain and gain fluctuations in a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1119–1122 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (5)

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262, 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu and R. Jain, “Detailed analysis of evolution of the state of polarization in all-fiber polarization transformers,” Opt. Express 14, 10261–10277 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tokura, T. Kogure, T. Sugihara, K. Shimizu, T. Mizuochi, and K. Motoshima, “Efficient pump depolarizer analysis for distributed Raman amplifier with low polarization dependence of gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3889–3896 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

D. A. Nolan, X. Chen, and M.-J. Li, “Fibers with low polarization-mode dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1066–1077 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Bouquet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, and P. Nouchi, “Analytical solution of polarization mode dispersion for triangular spun fibers,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2118–2120 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, “Measure of spin period in randomly-birefringent low-PMD fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131–1133 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Popov, S. Sergeyev, and A. T. Friberg, “The impact of pump polarization on the polarization dependence of the Raman gain due to the breaking of a fiber’s circular symmetry,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, S72–S76 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin and G. P. Agrawal, “Vector theory of stimulated Raman scattering and its application to fiber-based Raman amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1616–1631 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

J. G. Ellison and A. S. Siddiqui, “Using polarimetric optical time domain reflectometry to extract spun fiber parameters,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 148, 176–182 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and A. Pizzinat, “Optimized spinning design for low PMD fibers: an analytical approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1502–1512 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

Barlow, A. J.

Bettini, E.

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blaszyk, P. E.

P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).

Bouquet, G.

Chao, N.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Christoff, W. R.

P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).

Churikov, V. M.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clarke, I. G.

de Montmorillon, L.-A.

DeWilde, C.

M. N. Islam, C. DeWilde, and A. Kuditcher “Wideband Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2: Sub-Systems and Systems, ed. Islam,M. N. (Springer, 2004), pp. 445–490.

Ellison, J. G.

J. G. Ellison and A. S. Siddiqui, “Using polarimetric optical time domain reflectometry to extract spun fiber parameters,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 148, 176–182 (2001).
[Crossref]

Emori, Y.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Friberg, A. T.

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Polarization dependent gain and gain fluctuations in a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1119–1122 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262, 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Popov, S. Sergeyev, and A. T. Friberg, “The impact of pump polarization on the polarization dependence of the Raman gain due to the breaking of a fiber’s circular symmetry,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, S72–S76 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, D. E.

P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).

Galtarossa, A.

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, “Measure of spin period in randomly-birefringent low-PMD fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131–1133 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, A. Pizzinat, and L. Palmieri, “Calculation of mean differential group delay of periodically spun randomly birefringent fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 692–694 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and A. Pizzinat, “Optimized spinning design for low PMD fibers: an analytical approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1502–1512 (2001).
[Crossref]

Genack, A. Z.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griggio, P.

Hart, A.

A. Hart, R. G. Huff, and K. L. Walker, “Method of making a fiber having low polarization mode dispersion due to a permanent spin,” U.S. Patent 5298047 (1994).

Hawk, R. M.

P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).

Huff, R. G.

A. Hart, R. G. Huff, and K. L. Walker, “Method of making a fiber having low polarization mode dispersion due to a permanent spin,” U.S. Patent 5298047 (1994).

Islam, M. N.

M. N. Islam, C. DeWilde, and A. Kuditcher “Wideband Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2: Sub-Systems and Systems, ed. Islam,M. N. (Springer, 2004), pp. 445–490.

Jain, R.

Jung, J.

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kazami, H.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Kiefer, W. J.

P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).

Kim, J.

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kogure, T.

Kopp, V. I.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuditcher, A.

M. N. Islam, C. DeWilde, and A. Kuditcher “Wideband Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2: Sub-Systems and Systems, ed. Islam,M. N. (Springer, 2004), pp. 445–490.

Lassing, H. S.

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. H.

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, M. J.

Li, M.-J.

Lin, Q.

Marks, B. S.

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

Matsushita, S.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Matsuura, H.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Menyuk, C. R.

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mizuochi, T.

Motoshima, K.

Murase, T.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Namiki, S.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Neugroschl, D.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nolan, D. A.

Nouchi, P.

Oh, K.

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oomens, A. M.

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

Paek, U. C.

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

Palmieri, L.

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, “Measure of spin period in randomly-birefringent low-PMD fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131–1133 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, A. Pizzinat, and L. Palmieri, “Calculation of mean differential group delay of periodically spun randomly birefringent fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 692–694 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and A. Pizzinat, “Optimized spinning design for low PMD fibers: an analytical approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1502–1512 (2001).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

Pizzinat, A.

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, and C. R. Menyuk, “An analytical formula for the mean differential group delay of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1635–1643 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, A. Pizzinat, and L. Palmieri, “Calculation of mean differential group delay of periodically spun randomly birefringent fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 692–694 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and A. Pizzinat, “Optimized spinning design for low PMD fibers: an analytical approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1502–1512 (2001).
[Crossref]

Popov, S.

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Polarization dependent gain and gain fluctuations in a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1119–1122 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262, 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Popov, S. Sergeyev, and A. T. Friberg, “The impact of pump polarization on the polarization dependence of the Raman gain due to the breaking of a fiber’s circular symmetry,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, S72–S76 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ramskov-Hansen, J. J.

Santagiustina, M.

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sarchi, D.

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, “Measure of spin period in randomly-birefringent low-PMD fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131–1133 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schenato, L.

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schuh, R. E.

Sergeyev, S.

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Polarization dependent gain and gain fluctuations in a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1119–1122 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262, 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Popov, S. Sergeyev, and A. T. Friberg, “The impact of pump polarization on the polarization dependence of the Raman gain due to the breaking of a fiber’s circular symmetry,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, S72–S76 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shan, X.

Shiba, T.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Shimizu, K.

Siddiqui, A. S.

J. G. Ellison and A. S. Siddiqui, “Using polarimetric optical time domain reflectometry to extract spun fiber parameters,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 148, 176–182 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. E. Schuh, X. Shan, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Polarization mode dispersion in spun fibers with different linear birefringence and spinning parameters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1583–1588 (1998).
[Crossref]

Singer, J.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Someda, C. G.

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sugihara, T.

Tokura, T.

Tsuyuki, M.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Ursini, L.

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

van der Laan, P. C. T.

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

Walker, K. L.

A. Hart, R. G. Huff, and K. L. Walker, “Method of making a fiber having low polarization mode dispersion due to a permanent spin,” U.S. Patent 5298047 (1994).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang and Ch.-Q. Xu, “Spun FBG sensors with low polarization dependence under transverse force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 477–479 (2007).
[Crossref]

Woizak, G. G.

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

Woltjer, R.

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

Xu, Ch.-Q.

Y. Wang and Ch.-Q. Xu, “Spun FBG sensors with low polarization dependence under transverse force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 477–479 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Furakawa Review (1)

H. Kazami, S. Matsushita, Y. Emori, T. Murase, M. Tsuyuki, K. Yamamoto, H. Matsuura, S. Namiki, and T. Shiba, “Development of a crystal-type depolarizer,” Furakawa Review 23, 44–47 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

A. Pizzinat, B. S. Marks, L. Palmieri, C. R. Menyuk, and A. Galtarossa, “Influence of the model for random birefringence on the differential group delay of periodically spun fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 819–821 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Bettini, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, L. Schenato, and L. Ursini, “Polarized Backward Raman Amplification in Unidirectionally Spun Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 27–29 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang and Ch.-Q. Xu, “Spun FBG sensors with low polarization dependence under transverse force,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 477–479 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, “Measure of spin period in randomly-birefringent low-PMD fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131–1133 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (2)

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Polarization dependent gain and gain fluctuations in a fiber Raman amplifier,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 1119–1122 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Popov, S. Sergeyev, and A. T. Friberg, “The impact of pump polarization on the polarization dependence of the Raman gain due to the breaking of a fiber’s circular symmetry,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, S72–S76 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262, 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

A. Galtarossa, J. Jung, J. Kim, B. H. Lee, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, L. Schenato, and C. G. Someda, “Low polarization mode dispersion measurements in ad hoc drawn spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 323–327 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, and L. Schenato, “Polarization properties of randomly-birefringent spun fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 205–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. (1)

J. G. Ellison and A. S. Siddiqui, “Using polarimetric optical time domain reflectometry to extract spun fiber parameters,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 148, 176–182 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. S. Lassing, A. M. Oomens, R. Woltjer, P. C. T. van der Laan, and G. G. Woizak, “Development of a magneto-optic current sensor for high, pulsed currents,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 851–854 (1986).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, “Chiral fiber gratings,” Science 305, 74–76 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. Hart, R. G. Huff, and K. L. Walker, “Method of making a fiber having low polarization mode dispersion due to a permanent spin,” U.S. Patent 5298047 (1994).

P. E. Blaszyk, W. R. Christoff, D. E. Gallagher, R. M. Hawk, and W. J. Kiefer, “Method and apparatus for introducing controlled spin in optical fibers,” U.S. Patent 6324873B1 (2001).

M. N. Islam, C. DeWilde, and A. Kuditcher “Wideband Raman amplifiers,” in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2: Sub-Systems and Systems, ed. Islam,M. N. (Springer, 2004), pp. 445–490.

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