Abstract

Surface plasmon polaritons have become a research area of great importance. We present theoretical investigations on the realization of components and Y-splitters for surface plasmon polaritons guided by dielectric-loaded waveguides. The effect of the limited resolution of the fabrication process on the characteristics of fabricated Y-splitters is analyzed. A more efficient and robust configuration of the Y-splitter for surface plasmon polaritons is proposed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).
  2. J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Berini and J. Lu, "Curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Krasavin and A. Zayats, "Photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).
  6. B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Yajima, "Coupled mode analysis of dielectric planar branching waveguides," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-14, 749 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Kumar and S. Aditya, "Performance of S-bends for integrated-optic waveguides,"Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 19, 289 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1984), p. 294.
  15. W. Haske, V. W. Chen, J. M. Hales, W. T. Dong, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, "65 nm feature sizes using visible wavelength 3-D multiphoton lithography," Opt. Express 15, 3426-3436 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Q. Wang, S. He, and L. Wang, "A low-loss Y-branch with a multimode waveguide transition section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1124 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2008

T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Haske, V. W. Chen, J. M. Hales, W. T. Dong, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, "65 nm feature sizes using visible wavelength 3-D multiphoton lithography," Opt. Express 15, 3426-3436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).

P. Berini and J. Lu, "Curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

Q. Wang, S. He, and L. Wang, "A low-loss Y-branch with a multimode waveguide transition section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. Kumar and S. Aditya, "Performance of S-bends for integrated-optic waveguides,"Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 19, 289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1978

H. Yajima, "Coupled mode analysis of dielectric planar branching waveguides," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-14, 749 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Aditya, S.

A. Kumar and S. Aditya, "Performance of S-bends for integrated-optic waveguides,"Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 19, 289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barlow, S.

Baudrion, A.

J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

P. Berini and J. Lu, "Curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).

Chandran, A.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).

Chen, V. W.

Chen, Z.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, D.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, W. T.

Dong, X.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Q.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez, M.

J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hales, J. M.

Haske, W.

He, S.

Q. Wang, S. He, and L. Wang, "A low-loss Y-branch with a multimode waveguide transition section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaarda, T.

T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Krasavin and A. Zayats, "Photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar and S. Aditya, "Performance of S-bends for integrated-optic waveguides,"Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 19, 289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J.

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

P. Berini and J. Lu, "Curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marder, S. R.

Markey, L.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marquart, C.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Passinger, S.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perry, J. W.

Qi, F.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, C.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. I.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tan, D.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V.

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

Q. Wang, S. He, and L. Wang, "A low-loss Y-branch with a multimode waveguide transition section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, S. He, and L. Wang, "A low-loss Y-branch with a multimode waveguide transition section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J.

J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yajima, H.

H. Yajima, "Coupled mode analysis of dielectric planar branching waveguides," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-14, 749 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Krasavin and A. Zayats, "Photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Let.

J. Weeber, M. Gonzalez, A. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Let. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, D. Ditlbacher, A. I. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stribes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaarda, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124, (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Tan, Y. Li, F. Qi, H. Yang, Q. Gong, X. Dong, and X. Duan, "Reduction in feature size of two-photon polymerization using SCR500," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quant. Electron.

H. Yajima, "Coupled mode analysis of dielectric planar branching waveguides," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-14, 749 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Q. Wang, S. He, and L. Wang, "A low-loss Y-branch with a multimode waveguide transition section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1124 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maters. Today

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, and M. L. Brongersma, "Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology," Maters. Today 9, 20 (2006).

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

A. Kumar and S. Aditya, "Performance of S-bends for integrated-optic waveguides,"Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 19, 289 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. Bozhevolnyi, V. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Laluet, and T. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

P. Berini and J. Lu, "Curved long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Krasavin, and A. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Express 18, 13585 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Haske, V. W. Chen, J. M. Hales, W. T. Dong, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, "65 nm feature sizes using visible wavelength 3-D multiphoton lithography," Opt. Express 15, 3426-3436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Let.

C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I. Radko, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Laser-fabricated dielectric optical components for surface plasmon polaritons," Opt. Let. 31, 1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

A. Krasavin and A. Zayats, "Photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 75, 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1984), p. 294.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Ideal, defect-free, DLSPPW Y-splitter with all required parameter definitions, seen as top view (left) and cross-section of the waveguide (right).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The SPP mode profile inside the dielectric waveguide. The 50 nm gold layer is located between -0.3µm and -0.25µm in the Y-direction (the gold layer surface is indicated by the yellow line).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Real DLSPPW Y-splitter. The black triangle presents a fabrication defect imposed by the limited resolution of the fabrication process.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of the excess loss of the real DLSPPW Y-splitter on the minimum gap width between branching waveguides. The geometrical parameters of the splitter are d Y=3 µm, and L B =7 µm

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

A multimode interface (MMI) Y-splitter.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The propagation losses (top) and SPP mode crossection at the beginning (bottom left) and at the end (bottom right) of a 20µm long MMI section.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

DLSPPW Y-splitter with asymmetric excitation. A part of the left arm is cut away (shown as a dark area in the magnified image).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The excess losses (left) and splitting ratio (right) of the asymmetric Y-splitter, depending on the length of the cut section of the left arm.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Real DLSPPW Y-splitter with asymmetric excitation and a cut section in the left arm. A defect resulting from limited resolution of the fabrication process is shown as a black area.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Dependence of the excess loss of the real DLSPPW Y-splitter with asymmetric excitation and cut section in the left arm on the minimum gap width between the branching waveguides. The geometrical parameters of the splitter are d Y =3 µm, and L B =7 µm

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Dependence of the splitting ratio of a real DLSPPW Y-splitter with asymmetric excitation and cut section in the left arm on the minimum gap width between the branching waveguides. The geometrical parameters of the splitter are d B =3 µm, and L B =7 µm

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Wavelengths dependencies of the excess loss (left) and splitting ratio (right) calculated for the ideal Y-splitter (Fig. 7) and the real Y-splitter (Fig. 9). The length of the cut section in the left arm is 520 nm. For the real Y-splitter the minimum gap width between the branching waveguides is 100 nm. The geometrical parameters of the splitter are d B =3 µm, and L B =7 µm

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Defect length for different fabrication resolutions and different geometrical characteristics of the DLSPPW Y-splitter with the branching waveguides defined by Eq. (1).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

x ( z ) = d Y 2 [ z L B sin ( 2 π z L B ) 2 π ]

Metrics