Abstract

A method of reversible quantum optical data storage is presented using resonant Raman field excited spin coherence, where the spin coherence is stored in an inhomogeneously broadened spin ensemble. Unlike the photon echo method, in the present technique, a 2π Raman optical rephasing pulse area is used and multimode (parallel) optical channels are available in which the multimode access gives a great benefit to quantum information processors such as quantum repeaters.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. S. A. Moiseev and S. Kroll, "Complete reconstruction of the quantum state of a single-photon wave packet absorbed by a Doppler-broadened transition," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 173601 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Nilsson and S. Kroll, "Solid state quantum memory using complete absorption and re-emission of photons by tailored and externally controlled inhomogeneous absorption profiles," Opt. Commun. 247, 393-403 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Frequency-selective time-domain optical data storage by electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Lett. 22, 1849-1851 (1997): For the dark state coherence see M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, and P. R. Hemmer, "Enhanced nondegenerate four-wave mixing owing to electromagnetically induced transparency in a spectral hole-burning crystal,"Opt. Lett. 22, 1138 -1140 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  26. R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. S. Ham, "Investigation of quantum coherence excitation and coherence transfer in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Express 16, 5350-5361 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  28. L. Jiang, J. M. Taylor, N. Khaneja, and M. D. Lukin, "Optical approach to quantum communication using dynamic programming," PNAS 104, 17291-17296 (2007); see also www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/0703284104/DC1.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, "Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory," Nature 452, 67-72 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, "Investigation of quantum coherence excitation and coherence transfer in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Express 16, 5350-5361 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

M. Nilsson and S. Kroll, "Solid state quantum memory using complete absorption and re-emission of photons by tailored and externally controlled inhomogeneous absorption profiles," Opt. Commun. 247, 393-403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

B. S. Ham, "Experimental demonstration of all-optical 1x2 quantum routing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 893-896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, and L.V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Kocharovskaya, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Stopping light via hot atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 628-631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev and S. Kroll, "Complete reconstruction of the quantum state of a single-photon wave packet absorbed by a Doppler-broadened transition," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 173601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, "Coherent switching in a four-level system: Quantum switching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080-4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Frequency-selective time-domain optical data storage by electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Lett. 22, 1849-1851 (1997): For the dark state coherence see M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1995

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1982

1976

E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).

1964

N. A. Kurnit, I. D. Abella, and S. R. Hartmann, "Observation of a photon Echo," Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 567-570 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Abella, I. D.

N. A. Kurnit, I. D. Abella, and S. R. Hartmann, "Observation of a photon Echo," Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 567-570 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Afzelius, M.

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexander, A. L.

G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andre, A.

C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arimondo, E.

E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).

Behroozi, C.H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, and L.V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, S.

S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, "Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory," Nature 452, 67-72 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cone, R. L.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, H.

S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, "Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory," Nature 452, 67-72 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, L. M.

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, and L.V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisaman, M. D.

C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Equall, R. W.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fiurasek, J.

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, A.

D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorshkov, A. V.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ham, B. S.

B. S. Ham, "Investigation of quantum coherence excitation and coherence transfer in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Express 16, 5350-5361 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, "Experimental demonstration of all-optical 1x2 quantum routing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 893-896 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Frequency-selective time-domain optical data storage by electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Lett. 22, 1849-1851 (1997): For the dark state coherence see M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, "Coherent switching in a four-level system: Quantum switching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080-4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, and P. R. Hemmer, "Enhanced nondegenerate four-wave mixing owing to electromagnetically induced transparency in a spectral hole-burning crystal,"Opt. Lett. 22, 1138 -1140 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartmann, S. R.

N. A. Kurnit, I. D. Abella, and S. R. Hartmann, "Observation of a photon Echo," Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 567-570 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L.V.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, and L.V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Frequency-selective time-domain optical data storage by electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Lett. 22, 1849-1851 (1997): For the dark state coherence see M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, "Coherent switching in a four-level system: Quantum switching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080-4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, and P. R. Hemmer, "Enhanced nondegenerate four-wave mixing owing to electromagnetically induced transparency in a spectral hole-burning crystal,"Opt. Lett. 22, 1138 -1140 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hetet, G.

G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Julsgaard, B.

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M. K.

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Frequency-selective time-domain optical data storage by electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Lett. 22, 1849-1851 (1997): For the dark state coherence see M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, "Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory," Nature 452, 67-72 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kocharovskaya, O.

O. Kocharovskaya, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Stopping light via hot atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 628-631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kroll, S.

M. Nilsson and S. Kroll, "Solid state quantum memory using complete absorption and re-emission of photons by tailored and externally controlled inhomogeneous absorption profiles," Opt. Commun. 247, 393-403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Moiseev and S. Kroll, "Complete reconstruction of the quantum state of a single-photon wave packet absorbed by a Doppler-broadened transition," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 173601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurnit, N. A.

N. A. Kurnit, I. D. Abella, and S. R. Hartmann, "Observation of a photon Echo," Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 567-570 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Lam, P. K.

G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laurat, J.

S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, "Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory," Nature 452, 67-72 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.-Q.

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C.H. Behroozi, and L.V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Longdell, J. J.

G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mair, A.

D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manson, N. B.

A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
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S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
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M. Nilsson and S. Kroll, "Solid state quantum memory using complete absorption and re-emission of photons by tailored and externally controlled inhomogeneous absorption profiles," Opt. Commun. 247, 393-403 (2005).
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I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
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D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
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Phillips, D. F.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
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C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
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B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
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O. Kocharovskaya, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Stopping light via hot atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 628-631 (2001).
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C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
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O. Kocharovskaya, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Stopping light via hot atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 628-631 (2001).
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G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
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A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
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S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
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B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
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B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. I. Cirac, J. Fiurasek, and E. S. Polzik, "Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light," Nature 432, 482-486 (2004).
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C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
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I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
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S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
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S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
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C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
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I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
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C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
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D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
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C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
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C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
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L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
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Nature (London)

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature (London) 414, 413-418 (2001).
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M. Nilsson and S. Kroll, "Solid state quantum memory using complete absorption and re-emission of photons by tailored and externally controlled inhomogeneous absorption profiles," Opt. Commun. 247, 393-403 (2005).
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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Spin coherence excitation and rephrasing with optically shelved atoms," Phys. Rev. B 58, R11825-R11828 (1998).
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S. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, "Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Philips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Kocharovskaya, Y. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Stopping light via hot atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 628-631 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, "Frequency-selective time-domain optical data storage by electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped solid," Opt. Lett. 22, 1849-1851 (1997): For the dark state coherence see M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094 (2000).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Hetet, J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, P. K. Lam, and M. J. Sellars, "Elelctro-optic quantum memory for light using two-level atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 023602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum Repeaters with Photon Pair Sources and Multimode Memories," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).
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Phys. Today

For EIT itself, see S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency, Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).

Science

C. H. Van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

L. Jiang, J. M. Taylor, N. Khaneja, and M. D. Lukin, "Optical approach to quantum communication using dynamic programming," PNAS 104, 17291-17296 (2007); see also www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/0703284104/DC1.
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M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, 1974), pp. 79-95.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Resonant Raman optical pulse excited spin coherence and retrieval. (a) Energy level diagram, (b) pulse sequence, (c) spin coherence evolution with a 2π rephasing pulse, (d) overall spin (blue) and optical (red) coherence, (e) optical coherence evolution, (f) individual spin coherence for symmetrically detuned spins, (g) top-view of three dimensional plot of (c), (h) Spin coherence evolution for closely off detuned spin pairs. ΩPC=50 for D; Γ3132=1; γ3132=25; Γ21=0; γ21=1; Δ=100; δ 1=4; δ 2=10 kHz. ρ1122=0.5.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Coherence rephasing for quantum optical data storage. (a, c, e) extended feature of Fig. 1(c), (b, d, f) bloch vector diagram in a uv plane for spin coherence excitation, dephasing, and rephasing.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Multiple quantum optical data storage. (a) Raman optical pulse sequence, (b) consecutive quantum optical data storage, (c, d) Rephasing mechanism, (e) population vs coherence, (f) rephasing pulse area dependence. Inset: rephasing pulse ratio of ΩP to ΩC, blue: 50/50, red:30/40, green: 25/43.3, black:10/49.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Coherence conversion between photons and spins. (a) spin coherence depletion by the action of readout optical pulse, (b) optical emission generation by the action of readout pulse, (c) overall coherence transfer between photons and spins, (d) population evolution, (e) single spin coherence evolution, (f) top-view of three dimensional plot of (b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Rephasing mechanism. (a) individual spin coherence evolution of Fig. 3(a), (b) coherence change by the action of 2π rephasing pulse, (c) population difference versus spin coherence rephasing, (d) photon echo with π (red) and 2π (blue) rephasing pulse, (e) top-view of individual atoms of (d) with π rephsing pulse, (f) spin coherence versus population difference for ρ11=1; ρ22=0.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Multiple quantum optical data storage and retrieval. (a) pulse sequence, (b) consecutive coherence transfer from spin coherence to optical emission, (c) three-dimensional plot of spin coherence, (d) three-dimensional plot of optical coherence.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic diagram of multimode quantum optical data storage.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

= c 1 1 > c 2 2 > ,
| + = c 2 | 1 > + c 1 | 2 > ,
ρ t = i [ H , ρ ] + decay terms ,

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