Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the generation of single-cycle terahertz radiation with two-stage optical rectification in GaSe crystals. By adjusting the time delay between the pump pulses employed to excite the two stages, the terahertz radiation from the second GaSe crystal can constructively superpose with the terahertz field injected from the first stage. The high mutual coherence between the two terahertz radiation fields is ensured with the coherent optical rectification process and can be further used to synthesize a desired spectral profile of coherent THz radiation. The technique is also potentially useful for generating high-power single-cycle terahertz pulses, usually limited by the pulse walk-off effect of the nonlinear optical crystal used.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Weiss, R. Wallenstein, and R. Beigang, "Magnetic-field-enhanced generation of terahertz radiation in semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4160-4162 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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  6. R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. I. B. Zotova and Y. J. Ding, "Spectral measurements of two-photon absorption coefficients for CdSe and GaSe crystals," Appl. Opt. 40, 6654-6658 (2001).
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  24. M. C. Hoffmann, K. -L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, "Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm," Opt. Express 15, 11706-11713 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  28. F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H.-C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J.-C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, "Generation of 1.5 μJ single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large aperture ZnTe crystal," Opt. Express 15, 13212-13220 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, "A monochromatic and high-power terahertz source tunable in the ranges of 2.7-38.4 and 58.2-3540 μm for variety of potential applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635-1637 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, "Cascaded nonlinear difference-frequency generation of enhanced terahertz wave production," Opt. Lett. 29, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

2002 (1)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

I. B. Zotova and Y. J. Ding, "Spectral measurements of two-photon absorption coefficients for CdSe and GaSe crystals," Appl. Opt. 40, 6654-6658 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Koehl and K. A. Nelson, "Coherent optical control over collective vibrations traveling at lightlike speeds," J. Chem. Phys. 114, 1443-1446 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. Weiss, R. Wallenstein, and R. Beigang, "Magnetic-field-enhanced generation of terahertz radiation in semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4160-4162 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285-1286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
[CrossRef]

X. -C. Zhang and D. H. Auston, "Optoelectronic measurement of semiconductor surfaces and interfaces with femtosecond optics," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 326-338 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

L. Xu, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and B. Jalali, "Terahertz radiation from large aperture Si p-i-n diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3357-3359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Allakhverdiev, K.

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

Auston, D. H.

J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
[CrossRef]

X. -C. Zhang and D. H. Auston, "Optoelectronic measurement of semiconductor surfaces and interfaces with femtosecond optics," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 326-338 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and B. Jalali, "Terahertz radiation from large aperture Si p-i-n diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3357-3359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishna, V.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bandulet, H.-C.

Baran, O.

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

Bartel, T.

Beigang, R.

C. Weiss, R. Wallenstein, and R. Beigang, "Magnetic-field-enhanced generation of terahertz radiation in semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4160-4162 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Bokor, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brodschelm, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Budiarto, E.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carr, G. L.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Darrow, J. T.

J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, "A monochromatic and high-power terahertz source tunable in the ranges of 2.7-38.4 and 58.2-3540 μm for variety of potential applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635-1637 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Zotova and Y. J. Ding, "Spectral measurements of two-photon absorption coefficients for CdSe and GaSe crystals," Appl. Opt. 40, 6654-6658 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

Fernelius, N.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gaal, P.

Gillespie, W. A.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guseinova, D. A.

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

Hahn, T.

Hasselbeck, M. P.

Hattori, T.

Haugen, H. K.

Hebling, J.

Hegmann, F. A.

Henningsen, T.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

Hopkins, F. K.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, F.

Jalali, B.

L. Xu, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and B. Jalali, "Terahertz radiation from large aperture Si p-i-n diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3357-3359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, S.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, K.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joschko, M.

Kaindl, R. A.

Kieffer, J.-C.

Knippels, G. M. H.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koehl, R. M.

R. M. Koehl and K. A. Nelson, "Coherent optical control over collective vibrations traveling at lightlike speeds," J. Chem. Phys. 114, 1443-1446 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kulibekov, A. M.

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

Leitenstorfer, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Loffler, T.

MacLeod, A. M.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Margolies, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. C.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, W. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mirov, S. B.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, "Two-photon absorption in GaSe and CdGeAs2," Opt. Commun. 155, 47-50 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Morse, J. D.

J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Neil, G. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

M. C. Hoffmann, K. -L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, "Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm," Opt. Express 15, 11706-11713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Koehl and K. A. Nelson, "Coherent optical control over collective vibrations traveling at lightlike speeds," J. Chem. Phys. 114, 1443-1446 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oepts, D.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Razzari, L.

Reid, M.

Reimann, K.

Roskos, H. G.

Salaev, E. Yu.

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

Schunemann, P. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, "Two-photon absorption in GaSe and CdGeAs2," Opt. Commun. 155, 47-50 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, G.

Shi, W.

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, "A monochromatic and high-power terahertz source tunable in the ranges of 2.7-38.4 and 58.2-3540 μm for variety of potential applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635-1637 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, N. B.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. C.

Son, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suhre, D. R.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, K.

Tauser, F.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M.

Tiedje, H. F.

van der Meer, A. F. G.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, "Two-photon absorption in GaSe and CdGeAs2," Opt. Commun. 155, 47-50 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Voevodin, V. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, "Two-photon absorption in GaSe and CdGeAs2," Opt. Commun. 155, 47-50 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

C. Weiss, R. Wallenstein, and R. Beigang, "Magnetic-field-enhanced generation of terahertz radiation in semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4160-4162 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, C.

C. Weiss, R. Wallenstein, and R. Beigang, "Magnetic-field-enhanced generation of terahertz radiation in semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4160-4162 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. P.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285-1286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and B. Jalali, "Terahertz radiation from large aperture Si p-i-n diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3357-3359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yasumoto, M.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K. -L.

Zelmon, D. E.

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. -C.

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285-1286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. -C. Zhang and D. H. Auston, "Optoelectronic measurement of semiconductor surfaces and interfaces with femtosecond optics," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 326-338 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and B. Jalali, "Terahertz radiation from large aperture Si p-i-n diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3357-3359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zotova, I. B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Weiss, R. Wallenstein, and R. Beigang, "Magnetic-field-enhanced generation of terahertz radiation in semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4160-4162 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Generation and field-resolved detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses tunable up to 41 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191-3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. -C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285-1286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, "A monochromatic and high-power terahertz source tunable in the ranges of 2.7-38.4 and 58.2-3540 μm for variety of potential applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635-1637 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and B. Jalali, "Terahertz radiation from large aperture Si p-i-n diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3357-3359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. T. Darrow, X. -C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and J. D. Morse, "Saturation properties of large-aperture photoconducting antennas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607-1616 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

X. -C. Zhang and D. H. Auston, "Optoelectronic measurement of semiconductor surfaces and interfaces with femtosecond optics," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 326-338 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. M. Koehl and K. A. Nelson, "Coherent optical control over collective vibrations traveling at lightlike speeds," J. Chem. Phys. 114, 1443-1446 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

N. B. Singh, T. Henningsen, V. Balakrishna, D. R. Suhre, N. Fernelius, F. K. Hopkins, and D. E. Zelmon, "Growth and characterization of gallium selenide crystals for far-infrared conversion applications," J. Cryst. Growth 163, 398-402 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, "High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons," Nature,  420, 153-156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, "Two-photon absorption in GaSe and CdGeAs2," Opt. Commun. 155, 47-50 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Kulibekov, K. Allakhverdiev, D. A. Guseinova, E. Yu. Salaev, and O. Baran, "Optical absorption in GaSe under high-density ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Commun. 239, 193-198 (2004).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, "Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578-1581 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

K. -L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, "Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 171121-1-3 (2007).

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X. -C. Zhang, "Terahertz wave amplification in gases with the excitation of femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett . 91, 211102-1-3 (2007).

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, Berlin, 1997), pp. 166-169.

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, "High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 121114-1-3 (2005).

F. G. Sun, W. Ji, and X. -C. Zhang, "Two-photon absorption induced saturation of THz radiation in ZnTe," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), 479-480.

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