Abstract

We present a simple method using an axicon and spatial light modulator to create multiple parallel Bessel beams and precisely control their individual positions in three dimensions. This technique is tested as an alternative to classical holographic beam shaping commonly used now in optical tweezers. Various applications of precise control of multiple Bessel beams are demonstrated within a single microscope giving rise to new methods for three-dimensional positional control of trapped particles or active sorting of micro-objects as well as “focus-free” photoporation of living cells. Overall this concept is termed a ‘biophotonics workstation’ where users may readily trap, sort and porate material using Bessel light modes in a microscope.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Z. Bouchal, J. Wagner, and M. Chlup, "Self-reconstruction of a distorted nondiffracting beam," Opt. Commun. 151, 207-211 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).
  6. T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Sheppard and A. Choudhury, "Annular pupils, radial polarization, and superresolution," Appl. Opt. 43(22), 4322 - 4327 (2004).
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  8. X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).
  9. S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Jiang, Q. Lu, and Z. Liu, "Propagation of apertured Bessel beams," Appl. Opt. 34(31), 7183 - 7185 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Bouchal, "Controlled spatial shaping of nondiffracting patterns and arrays," Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1376 - 1378 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Bouchal, "Vortex array carried by a pseudo-nondiffracting beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21(9), 1694 - 1702 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Little, C. Brown, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12(11), 2560-2565 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1968).
  16. J. Lin, X. Yuan, S. Tao, and R. Burge, "Collinear superposition of multiple helical beams generated by a single azimuthally modulated phase-only element," Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3266 - 3268 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, "Dynamic holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Commun. 207, 169-175 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, "Focusing of Laguerre-Gaussian beams by axicon," Opt. Commun. 1841-4, 105-112 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. O. Brzobohatỳ, T. �?ižmár, and P. Zemánek, "High quality quasi-Bessel beam generated by oblate-tip axicon," Opt. Express 16(17), 12688 - 12700 (2008).
  20. G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).
  21. C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).
  22. D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

O. Brzobohatỳ, T. �?ižmár, and P. Zemánek, "High quality quasi-Bessel beam generated by oblate-tip axicon," Opt. Express 16(17), 12688 - 12700 (2008).

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

2007 (3)

G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

2006 (4)

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

J. Lin, X. Yuan, S. Tao, and R. Burge, "Collinear superposition of multiple helical beams generated by a single azimuthally modulated phase-only element," Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3266 - 3268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).

2004 (4)

2002 (2)

Z. Bouchal, "Controlled spatial shaping of nondiffracting patterns and arrays," Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1376 - 1378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, "Dynamic holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Commun. 207, 169-175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, "Focusing of Laguerre-Gaussian beams by axicon," Opt. Commun. 1841-4, 105-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Z. Bouchal, J. Wagner, and M. Chlup, "Self-reconstruction of a distorted nondiffracting beam," Opt. Commun. 151, 207-211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1987 (1)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

??ižmár, T

T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

??ižmár, T.

T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).

Agate, B.

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ahluwalia, B. P. S.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, L. E.

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bouchal, Z.

T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bouchal, "Vortex array carried by a pseudo-nondiffracting beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21(9), 1694 - 1702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bouchal, "Controlled spatial shaping of nondiffracting patterns and arrays," Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1376 - 1378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bouchal, J. Wagner, and M. Chlup, "Self-reconstruction of a distorted nondiffracting beam," Opt. Commun. 151, 207-211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Briscoe, T.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, C.

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

H. Little, C. Brown, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12(11), 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bu, J.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burge, R.

Chlup, M.

Z. Bouchal, J. Wagner, and M. Chlup, "Self-reconstruction of a distorted nondiffracting beam," Opt. Commun. 151, 207-211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, A.

Comrie, M.

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

Curtis, J. E.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, "Dynamic holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Commun. 207, 169-175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Denschlag, J.

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. Brown, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12(11), 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, L.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberwine, J. H.

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, P.

Garcés-Chávez, V.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. Brown, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12(11), 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grier, D. G.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, "Dynamic holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Commun. 207, 169-175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gunn-Moore, F.

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gunn-Moore, F. J.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

Haydon, P. G.

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jarutis, V.

V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, "Focusing of Laguerre-Gaussian beams by axicon," Opt. Commun. 1841-4, 105-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Kollárová, V.

T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koss, B. A.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, "Dynamic holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Commun. 207, 169-175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

Lang, F.

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Little, H.

Liu, Z.

Lu, Q.

McDougall, C.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

McGloin, D.

G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melville, H.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miceli, J. J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milne, G.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).

Niu, H. B.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Papagiakoumou, E.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paškauskas, R.

V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, "Focusing of Laguerre-Gaussian beams by axicon," Opt. Commun. 1841-4, 105-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paterson, L.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, X.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riches, A.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roskey, D.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, S.

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sheppard, C.

Sibbett, W.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. Brown, V. Garcés-Chávez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12(11), 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stabinis, A.

V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, "Focusing of Laguerre-Gaussian beams by axicon," Opt. Commun. 1841-4, 105-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, D.

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, D. J.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

Sul, J. Y.

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Summers, M. D.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takano, H.

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, S.

Tao, S. H.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thalhammer, G.

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsampoula, X.

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

D. Stevenson, B. Agate, X. Tsampoula, P. Fischer, C. T. A. Brown, W. Sibbett, A. Riches, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond optical transfection of cells: viability and efficiency," Opt. Express 14(16), 7125-7133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Bockstaele, E. J.

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).

Wagner, J.

Z. Bouchal, J. Wagner, and M. Chlup, "Self-reconstruction of a distorted nondiffracting beam," Opt. Commun. 151, 207-211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, K.

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.

Yuan, X.-C.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zemanek, P.

G. Milne, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, K. Volke-Sepulveda, and P. Zemanek, "Transverse particle dynamics in a Bessel beam," Opt. Express 15(21), 13,972 - 13,987 (2007).

Zemánek, P.

T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett (2)

X. Tsampoula, V. Garcés-Chávez, M. Comrie, D. Stevenson, B. Agate, C. Brown, F. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Femtosecond cellular transfection using a nondiffracting light beam,"Appl. Phys. Lett.  91(5), 053,902 (2007).

T. �?ižmár, V. Garcés-Chávez, K. Dholakia, and P. Zemánek, "Optical conveyor belt for delivery of submicron objects," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 174,101-1-174,101-3 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 4001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, J. Bu, H. Wang, X. Peng, and H. B. Niu, "Microfabricated-compositehologram-enabled multiple channel longitudinal optical guiding of microparticles in nondiffracting core of a Bessel beam array," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 084,104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garcés-Chávez, T. Briscoe, W. Sibbett, L. Dholakia, and A. Riches, "Passive optical separation within a �??nondiffracting�?? light beam," J. Biomed. Opt. 12(054017) (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Journal of Biophotonics (1)

C. T. A. Brown, D. J. Stevenson, X. Tsampoula, C. McDougall, A. A. Lagatsky, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, and K. Dholakia, "Enhanced operation of femtosecond lasers and applications in cell transfection," Journal of Biophotonics (in press) (2008).

Nature Methods (1)

L. E. Barrett, J. Y. Sul, H. Takano, E. J. Van Bockstaele, P. G. Haydon, and J. H. Eberwine, "Region-directed phototransfection reveals the functional significance of a dendritically synthesized transcription factor," Nature Methods 3, 455 - 460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Schmid, G. Thalhammer, K. Winkler, F. Lang, and J. Denschlag, "Long distance transport of ultracold atoms using a 1D optical lattice," New J. Phys. 8, 159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

New. J. Phys. (1)

T �?ižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, "Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams," New. J. Phys. 8, 43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

Z. Bouchal, J. Wagner, and M. Chlup, "Self-reconstruction of a distorted nondiffracting beam," Opt. Commun. 151, 207-211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, "Dynamic holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Commun. 207, 169-175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, "Focusing of Laguerre-Gaussian beams by axicon," Opt. Commun. 1841-4, 105-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1968).

Supplementary Material (3)

» Media 1: MOV (4109 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (1290 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (7037 KB)     

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

4f system consisted of two lenses L 1 and L 2 in afocal assembly. f 1 and f 2 are focal lengths of lenses L 1 and L 2 respectively, A(x,y) is the object field in the back focal plane of the lens L 1, S(u,ν) is the spatial spectrum of A(x,y) generated by the lens L 1 and B(,ȳ) is the magnified image of A(x,y).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Numerically evaluated axicon generated Bessel beam. The insets shows lateral intensity cross-section, on-axis intensity and the demonstration of self-reconstructing property of Bessel beams

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A typical spatial spectrum of an AGBB. u and v are the coordinates of the spatial spectrum (see Eq. (1).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

A numerical simulation of the spatial spectrum modulation of an AGBB by (a) empty, (b), and (c) linear, (d), and (e) quadratic phase functions and f) binary phase masks.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) A demonstration of the generation of higher-order Bessel beams using complex modulation. This example shows two axially and laterally displaced Bessel beams of orders 0 and 3. If the amplitude modulation is removed and phase-only modulation is used, the power in each beam is higher, but several ghost orders appear. (b) A demonstration of spatial filtration of a Bessel beam generated by an imperfect axicon having an oblate tip.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The experimental setup: M1 and M2 - mirrors, L1-L4 - lenses, SLM - spatial light modulator, SP - sample plane, MO - microscope objective, TL - tube lens, CCD - CCD camera

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(Media 1) Demonstration of the interface functionality: (a) - single zero order AGBB; (b) - triple zero order AGBB; c) triple AGBB of the fifth order.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(Media 2) Active sorting of 2 µm and 5 µm polystyrene particles: (a) - initial layout of particles at the bottom plane of the sample chamber; (b)–(e) - one by one transport of 2 µm particles; (f) - top plane of the sample chamber showing sorted 2 µm particles.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(Media 3) 3-D position control of 3µm particle using the mouse-controlled interface.

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S ( u , v ) = A ( x , y ) i λ f 1 e 2 π i λ f 1 ( x u + y v ) d x d y .
B ( x ¯ , y ¯ ) = S ( u , v ) i λ f 2 e 2 π i λ f 2 ( u x ¯ + v y ¯ ) d u d v .
B ( x ¯ , y ¯ ) = f 1 f 2 A ( f 1 f 2 x ¯ , f 1 f 2 y ¯ ) ,
0 f 1
S l ( u , v ) = S ( u , v ) · e 2 πi λ f 2 ( Δ x ¯ u + Δ y ¯ v )
S ( u , v ) · f l ( Δ x ¯ , Δ y ¯ )
B l ( x ¯ , y ¯ ) = f 1 f 2 A [ f 1 f 2 ( x ¯ Δ x ¯ ) , f 1 f 2 ( y ¯ Δ y ¯ ) ] .
S q ( u , v ) = S ( u , v ) · e π i Δ z ¯ λ f 2 2 ( u 2 + v 2 )
S ( u , v ) · f q ( Δ z ¯ )
S 3 D ( u , v ) = S ( u , v ) · f l ( Δ x ¯ , Δ y ¯ ) f q ( Δ z ¯ ) .
S m u l t ( u , v ) = S ( u , v ) · 1 n j = 1 n f l j ( Δ x ¯ , Δ y ¯ ) f q j ( Δ z ¯ ) ,
S m u l t ( u , v ) = S ( u , v ) · 1 j = 1 n c j j = 1 n c j f l j ( Δ x ¯ , Δ y ¯ ) f q j ( Δ z ¯ ) ,
E B B ( ρ , z ) = E a x J 0 ( k ρ sin ( α 0 ) ) e i k z cos ( α 0 ) ,
I ( ρ = 0 , z ) = I 0 2 π k z cos ( α 0 ) sin ( α 0 ) 2 e 2 ( z tan ( α 0 ) w ) 2 ,
α 0 = n a n s n s π τ 2 ,

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