Abstract

The ultimate limits introduced by polarization dependent loss (PDL) in coherent polarization multiplexed systems using advanced signal processing are studied. An analytical framework for effectively assessing the penalties is established and applied to systems with and without dynamically optimized launch polarization control. In systems with no launch polarization control, the PDL induced penalty is described by a simple formula and it is independent of the choice of constellation, or modulation format. The gain from optimizing launch polarizations is studied numerically and the mechanisms limiting it are described.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, M. Salsi, O.B. Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, "Linear Fiber Impairments Mitigation of 40-Gbit/s Polarization-Multiplexed QPSK by Digital Processing in a Coherent Receiver," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 36-42 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, M.D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P.D. Magill, S. Foo, D , Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O�??Sullivan, "Performance of a 46Gbps dual polarization QPSK transceiver in a high-PMD fiber transmission experiment," Optical Fiber Communications conference, Paper PDP9, OFC San Diego (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Meccozzi and M. Shtaif, "Signal-to-noise-ratio degradation caused by polarization-dependent loss and the effect of dynamic gain equalization," J. Lightwave Technol. 221856-1871 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "Spatially Resolved PMD Measurements," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1103-1105 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q1. B. Huttner, C. Geiser, and N. Gisin, Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarizationmode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 317-329 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. This is what happens when each channel passes through different optical routes before being multiplexed into the transmission fiber.

2008

2004

2002

A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Q1. B. Huttner, C. Geiser, and N. Gisin, Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarizationmode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 317-329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bigo, S.

Carter, G.M.

Charlet, G.

Galtarossa, A.

Geiser, C.

Q1. B. Huttner, C. Geiser, and N. Gisin, Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarizationmode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 317-329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

Q1. B. Huttner, C. Geiser, and N. Gisin, Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarizationmode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 317-329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

Q1. B. Huttner, C. Geiser, and N. Gisin, Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarizationmode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 317-329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, Hua

Kogelnik, H.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laperle, C.

Lima, A.O

Lima, I.T.

Mardoyan, H.

McGhan, D.

Meccozzi, A.

Mecozzi, A.

M. Shtaif and A. Mecozzi, "Polarization-dependent loss and its effect on the signal-to-noise ratio in fiber-optic systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 671-673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C.R.

O???Sullivan, M.

Palmieri, L.

Pardo, O.B.

Renaudier, J.

Roberts, K.

Salsi, M.

Shtaif, M.

A. Meccozzi and M. Shtaif, "Signal-to-noise-ratio degradation caused by polarization-dependent loss and the effect of dynamic gain equalization," J. Lightwave Technol. 221856-1871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Shtaif and A. Mecozzi, "Polarization-dependent loss and its effect on the signal-to-noise ratio in fiber-optic systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 671-673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

Sun, Yu

Tran, P.

Villeneuve, B.

Wu, K.-T.

Zhang, Z.

Zweck, J.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Q1. B. Huttner, C. Geiser, and N. Gisin, Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarizationmode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 317-329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Shtaif and A. Mecozzi, "Polarization-dependent loss and its effect on the signal-to-noise ratio in fiber-optic systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 671-673 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

This is what happens when each channel passes through different optical routes before being multiplexed into the transmission fiber.

L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, M.D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P.D. Magill, S. Foo, D , Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O�??Sullivan, "Performance of a 46Gbps dual polarization QPSK transceiver in a high-PMD fiber transmission experiment," Optical Fiber Communications conference, Paper PDP9, OFC San Diego (2008).

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