Abstract

We have presented a novel design of a photonic crystal slab (PCS) nanocavity, in which the electric field of the cavity mode is strongly localized in free space. The feature of the cavity is a linear air slot introduced to the center of the mode-gap confined PCS cavity. Owing to the discontinuity of the dielectric constant, the electric field of the cavity mode is strongly enhanced inside the slot, allowing strong matter-field coupling and large interaction volume in free space. Using finite-difference time-domain method, we calculate the properties of the cavity mode as a function of the slot width. The calculated quality factor is still as high as 2×105 and the mode volume is as small as 0.14 of a cubic wavelength in a vacuum, even if 200-nm-wide slot is introduced to the PCS.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, "Optimal sizes of dielectric microspheres for cavity QED with strong coupling," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. W. Vernooy, V. S. Ilchenko, H. Mabuchi, E. W. Streed, and H. J. Kimble, "High-Q measurements of fusedsilica microspheres in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 23, 247-249 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high- Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and confining light in nanometer-size low-refractive-index material," Opt. Express 29, 1626-1628 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Dell�??Olio and V. M. Passaro, "Optical sensing by optimized silicon slot waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 4977- 4993 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Birnbaum, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, "Cavity QED with multiple hyperfine levels," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063872 (2006).

2005

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barrios and M. Lipson, "Electrically driven silicon resonant light emitting device based on slot-waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 10092-10101 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, "Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in dielectric Optical Microcavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and confining light in nanometer-size low-refractive-index material," Opt. Express 29, 1626-1628 (2004).

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, "Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure," Opt. Lett. 29, 1209-1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, "Optimal sizes of dielectric microspheres for cavity QED with strong coupling," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Vu�?ckovi�??c, M. Lon�?car, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, "Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016608 (2001).

1998

1993

Akahane, Y.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V.

Almeida, V. R.

Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and confining light in nanometer-size low-refractive-index material," Opt. Express 29, 1626-1628 (2004).

Aoki, T.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barclay, P. E.

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high- Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Barrios, C. A.

Birnbaum, K. M.

K. M. Birnbaum, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, "Cavity QED with multiple hyperfine levels," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063872 (2006).

Borselli, M.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high- Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Bowen, W. P.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buck, J. R.

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, "Optimal sizes of dielectric microspheres for cavity QED with strong coupling," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, "Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in dielectric Optical Microcavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dayan, B.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dell???Olio, F.

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, S. L.

Goh, K. W.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Ilchenko, V. S.

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Birnbaum, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, "Cavity QED with multiple hyperfine levels," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063872 (2006).

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, "Optimal sizes of dielectric microspheres for cavity QED with strong coupling," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Vernooy, V. S. Ilchenko, H. Mabuchi, E. W. Streed, and H. J. Kimble, "High-Q measurements of fusedsilica microspheres in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 23, 247-249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kimble, "Strong interactions of single atoms and photons in cavity QED," Phys. Scr. T76, 127-137 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lev, B.

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, "Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in dielectric Optical Microcavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Barrios and M. Lipson, "Electrically driven silicon resonant light emitting device based on slot-waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 10092-10101 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and confining light in nanometer-size low-refractive-index material," Opt. Express 29, 1626-1628 (2004).

V. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, "Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure," Opt. Lett. 29, 1209-1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mabuchi, H.

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Vernooy, V. S. Ilchenko, H. Mabuchi, E. W. Streed, and H. J. Kimble, "High-Q measurements of fusedsilica microspheres in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 23, 247-249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, "Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in dielectric Optical Microcavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquardt, J. H.

Mitsugi, S.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high- Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Panepucci, R. R.

Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and confining light in nanometer-size low-refractive-index material," Opt. Express 29, 1626-1628 (2004).

Parkins, A. S.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Birnbaum, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, "Cavity QED with multiple hyperfine levels," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063872 (2006).

Passaro, V. M.

Robinson, J. T.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, "Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in dielectric Optical Microcavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, B. S.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spillane, S. M.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, K.

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high- Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Streed, E. W.

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taniyama, H.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vernooy, D. W.

Watanabe, T.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wilcut, E.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

V. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, "Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure," Opt. Lett. 29, 1209-1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and confining light in nanometer-size low-refractive-index material," Opt. Express 29, 1626-1628 (2004).

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

B. Lev, K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, and H. Mabuchi, "Feasibility of detecting single atoms using photonic bandgap cavities," Nanotechnology 15, S556-S561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nat. Photonics 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature (London) 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature (London) 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature (London) 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Buck and H. J. Kimble, "Optimal sizes of dielectric microspheres for cavity QED with strong coupling," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Birnbaum, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, "Cavity QED with multiple hyperfine levels," Phys. Rev. A 74, 063872 (2006).

Phys. Rev. E

J. Vu�?ckovi�??c, M. Lon�?car, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, "Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016608 (2001).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. T. Robinson, C. Manolatou, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, "Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in dielectric Optical Microcavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr.

H. J. Kimble, "Strong interactions of single atoms and photons in cavity QED," Phys. Scr. T76, 127-137 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high- Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Design of an air-slot PCS nanocavity. A linear sub-wavelength-wide air slot is introduced to the center of the line defect of the mode-gap confined PCS nanocavities realized by local line-defect-width modulation. Air holes labeled A, B, and C are shifted outward by d A, d B, and d C, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated electric-field (|E|) distributions in the x-z plane. The slot widths are 0 nm (a), 49 nm (b), 84 nm (c), 133 nm (d), and 196 nm (e). PCS structures are depicted by white lines. Each electric field is normalized by total field energy in the whole calculation area.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Electric-field profiles along the red arrow indicated in Fig. 2. and (b) electric field at the cavity center for W1 (black) and W1.2 (white).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated electric-field (|E|) distributions in the x-y plane. The slot widths are 0 nm (a), 49 nm (b), 84 nm (c), 133 nm (d), and 196 nm (e).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated resonant wavelength λ (a) and Q (b) for W1 (black) and W1.2 (white) line defect.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spatial Fourier transformation spectra obtained from Ex in the x-z plane for (a) s=0 nm, (b) 84 nm, and (c) 196 nm. The leaky regions are depicted by white circles.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Dimensionless mode volume c for W1 (black) and W1.2 (white) line defect.

Equations (3)

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ε E x ( r in ) = ε 0 E x ( r out )
V ˜ c V c ( n ( 0 ) λ ) 3
= ε ( r ) E ( r ) 2 d r ε ( 0 ) E ( 0 ) 2 ( n ( 0 ) λ ) 3 ,

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