Abstract

Lasing from zirconia inverse opal photonic crystal structures infiltrated by solutions of rhodamine dyes was found to exhibit single-mode lasing peaks with spectral width less than 1 nm and quality factor in excess of 4000. The lasing occurs within the approximate range of high-reflectance spectral region associated with photonic stop band along 〈111〉 crystallographic direction, but its wavelength is not fixed to the corresponding Bragg wavelength of the periodic structure, and depends on the spectral position of the gain band. This lasing regime can be useful for realizing tunable single-mode photonic crystal lasers.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (3)

S. A. Rinne, F. García-Santamaría, and P. V. Braun, "Embedded cavities and waveguides in three-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 52 - 56 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, "Flexible polymer colloidal-crystal lasers with a lightemitting planar defect," Adv. Mater. 19, 2067-2072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, "Lasing with Resonant Feedback in Weakly Scattering Random Systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143,902/1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

L. Bechger, P. Lodahl, and W. L. Vos, "Directional fluorescence spectra of laser dye in opal and inverse opal photonic crystals." J Phys. Chem. B 109, 9980-9988 (2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp047489t.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, "Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045,205 (2005).

2004 (1)

H. Fudouzi, "Fabricating high-quality opal films with uniform structure over a large area." J Colloid. Interface Sci. 275, 277-283 (2004), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.01.054.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

H. Fudouzi and Y. Xia, "Photonic papers and inks: color writing with colorless materials," Adv. Mater. 15, 892-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144,202/1-10 (2002).

2001 (3)

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. Vardeny, "Random lasing in �?�-conjugated films and infiltrated opals," Adv. Mater. 13, 760-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

S. Frolov, Z. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals," Opt. Commun. 162, 241-246 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Lasing of a microsphere in dye solution," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 - 5104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. Wiersma, M. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Coherent backscattering of light from an amplifying medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436 - 438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

N. A. Clark, A. J. Hurd, and B. J. Ackerson, "Single colloidal crystals," Nature 281, 57-60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

V. S. Letokhov, "Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption," Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835 - 840 (1968).

1958 (1)

P. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Ackerson, B. J.

N. A. Clark, A. J. Hurd, and B. J. Ackerson, "Single colloidal crystals," Nature 281, 57-60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P.

P. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436 - 438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R.

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Frolov, Z. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals," Opt. Commun. 162, 241-246 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bechger, L.

L. Bechger, P. Lodahl, and W. L. Vos, "Directional fluorescence spectra of laser dye in opal and inverse opal photonic crystals." J Phys. Chem. B 109, 9980-9988 (2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp047489t.

Blanco, A.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, P. V.

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

S. A. Rinne, F. García-Santamaría, and P. V. Braun, "Embedded cavities and waveguides in three-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 52 - 56 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brzezinski, A.

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, "Lasing with Resonant Feedback in Weakly Scattering Random Systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143,902/1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.-Q.

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chipouline, A.

R. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. Vardeny, "Random lasing in �?�-conjugated films and infiltrated opals," Adv. Mater. 13, 760-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chomski, E.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, N. A.

N. A. Clark, A. J. Hurd, and B. J. Ackerson, "Single colloidal crystals," Nature 281, 57-60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, M.

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, M. C.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.-Z.

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X.-M.

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, S.

S. Frolov, Z. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals," Opt. Commun. 162, 241-246 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fudouzi, H.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, "Flexible polymer colloidal-crystal lasers with a lightemitting planar defect," Adv. Mater. 19, 2067-2072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Fudouzi, "Fabricating high-quality opal films with uniform structure over a large area." J Colloid. Interface Sci. 275, 277-283 (2004), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.01.054.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fudouzi and Y. Xia, "Photonic papers and inks: color writing with colorless materials," Adv. Mater. 15, 892-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Lasing of a microsphere in dye solution," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 - 5104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Furumi, S.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, "Flexible polymer colloidal-crystal lasers with a lightemitting planar defect," Adv. Mater. 19, 2067-2072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García, P. D.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Santamaría, F.

S. A. Rinne, F. García-Santamaría, and P. V. Braun, "Embedded cavities and waveguides in three-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 52 - 56 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436 - 438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gottardo, S.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grabtchak, S.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hurd, A. J.

N. A. Clark, A. J. Hurd, and B. J. Ackerson, "Single colloidal crystals," Nature 281, 57-60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ibisate, M.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, F.

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Juodkazis, S.

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

D. Wiersma, M. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Coherent backscattering of light from an amplifying medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lau, S.

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436 - 438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-T.

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

Leonard, S.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letokhov, V. S.

V. S. Letokhov, "Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption," Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835 - 840 (1968).

Li, C.-F.

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lodahl, P.

L. Bechger, P. Lodahl, and W. L. Vos, "Directional fluorescence spectra of laser dye in opal and inverse opal photonic crystals." J Phys. Chem. B 109, 9980-9988 (2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp047489t.

Lopez, C.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López, C.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Malliaras, G. G.

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

Meseguer, F.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miguez, H.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misawa, H.

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, H.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, "Flexible polymer colloidal-crystal lasers with a lightemitting planar defect," Adv. Mater. 19, 2067-2072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mizeikis, V.

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mondia, J.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishijima, Y.

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ozin, G.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polson, R.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, "Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045,205 (2005).

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. Vardeny, "Random lasing in �?�-conjugated films and infiltrated opals," Adv. Mater. 13, 760-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Raikh, M. E.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rinne, S. A.

S. A. Rinne, F. García-Santamaría, and P. V. Braun, "Embedded cavities and waveguides in three-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 52 - 56 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sakka, Y.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, "Flexible polymer colloidal-crystal lasers with a lightemitting planar defect," Adv. Mater. 19, 2067-2072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sapienza, R.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Lasing of a microsphere in dye solution," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 - 5104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436 - 438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sebbah, P.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, "Lasing with Resonant Feedback in Weakly Scattering Random Systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143,902/1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144,202/1-10 (2002).

Shkunov, M.

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, M. N.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Slinker, J. D.

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

Teh, L.

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toader, O.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueno, K.

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Albada, M.

D. Wiersma, M. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Coherent backscattering of light from an amplifying medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Driel, H.

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanneste, C.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, "Lasing with Resonant Feedback in Weakly Scattering Random Systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143,902/1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144,202/1-10 (2002).

Vardeny, Z.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, "Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045,205 (2005).

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. Vardeny, "Random lasing in �?�-conjugated films and infiltrated opals," Adv. Mater. 13, 760-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Frolov, Z. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals," Opt. Commun. 162, 241-246 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vos, W. L.

L. Bechger, P. Lodahl, and W. L. Vos, "Directional fluorescence spectra of laser dye in opal and inverse opal photonic crystals." J Phys. Chem. B 109, 9980-9988 (2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp047489t.

Wiersma, D.

D. Wiersma, M. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Coherent backscattering of light from an amplifying medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. S.

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wiltzius, P.

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

Wong, C.

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

H. Fudouzi and Y. Xia, "Photonic papers and inks: color writing with colorless materials," Adv. Mater. 15, 892-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zakhidov, A.

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Frolov, Z. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals," Opt. Commun. 162, 241-246 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

M. Shkunov, Z. Vardeny, M. DeLong, R. Polson, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Tunable, gap-state lasing in switchable directions for opal photonic crystals," Adv. Funct. Mater. 12, 21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (3)

R. Polson, A. Chipouline, and Z. Vardeny, "Random lasing in �?�-conjugated films and infiltrated opals," Adv. Mater. 13, 760-764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Fudouzi and Y. Xia, "Photonic papers and inks: color writing with colorless materials," Adv. Mater. 15, 892-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, "Flexible polymer colloidal-crystal lasers with a lightemitting planar defect," Adv. Mater. 19, 2067-2072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Jin, C.-F. Li, X.-Z. Dong,W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Laser emission from dye-doped polymer film in opal photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241,101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, Y. Song, X.-Z. Dong, W.-Q. Chen, and X.-M. Duan, "Amplified spontaneous emission from dyedoped polymer film sandwiched by two opal photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031109 (2007), http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/91/031109/1.
[CrossRef]

L. Teh, C. Wong, H. Yang, S. Lau, and S. Yu, "Lasing in electrodeposited ZnO inverse opal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161,116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J Colloid. Interface Sci. (1)

H. Fudouzi, "Fabricating high-quality opal films with uniform structure over a large area." J Colloid. Interface Sci. 275, 277-283 (2004), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.01.054.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J Phys. Chem. B (1)

L. Bechger, P. Lodahl, and W. L. Vos, "Directional fluorescence spectra of laser dye in opal and inverse opal photonic crystals." J Phys. Chem. B 109, 9980-9988 (2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp047489t.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, "Lasing of a microsphere in dye solution," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 - 5104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, "Laser action in strongly scattering media," Nature 368, 436 - 438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Blanco, E. Chomski, S. Grabtchak, M. Ibisate, S. John, S. Leonard, C. Lopez, F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. Mondia, G. Ozin, O. Toader, and H. van Driel, "Large-scale synthesis of a silicon photonic crystal with a complete three-dimensional bandgap near 1.5 micrometres," Nature 405, 437-40 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Clark, A. J. Hurd, and B. J. Ackerson, "Single colloidal crystals," Nature 281, 57-60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photon. (2)

S. A. Rinne, F. García-Santamaría, and P. V. Braun, "Embedded cavities and waveguides in three-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Nature Photon. 2, 52 - 56 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, R. Sapienza, P. D. García, A. Blanco, D. S. Wiersma, and C. López, "Resonance-driven random lasing," Nature Photon. 2, 429-432 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Frolov, Z. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. Baughman, "Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals," Opt. Commun. 162, 241-246 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Y. Nishijima, K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, T. T., and K. Maeda, "Inverse silica opal photonic crystals for optical sensing applications," Opt. Express 15, 979-988 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

P. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

A. Brzezinski, J.-T. Lee, J. D. Slinker, G. G. Malliaras, P. V. Braun, and P. Wiltzius, "Enhanced emission from fcc fluorescent photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B(Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 77, 106 (2008), http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v77/e233106.
[CrossRef]

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, "Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045,205 (2005).

P. Sebbah and C. Vanneste, "Random laser in the localized regime," Phys. Rev. B 66, 144,202/1-10 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Wiersma, M. van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, "Coherent backscattering of light from an amplifying medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, "Lasing with Resonant Feedback in Weakly Scattering Random Systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143,902/1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

V. S. Letokhov, "Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption," Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835 - 840 (1968).

Synth. Metals (1)

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synth. Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Synthetic Metals (1)

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, "Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals," Synthetic Metals 116, 485 - 491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, 2008).

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 5th ed. (Oxford University Press, New York, 1997).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM image of a (111) crystallographic plane of zirconia inverse opal structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Peak-normalized PL (solid lines) and absorption (dashed lines) spectra of bulk sulfo-rhodamine (SRh), rhodamine B (RhB), and rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) solutions, with reflectivity spectrum of the inverse zirconia photonic crystal infiltrated by ethylene glycol solvent as a grey-shaded outline in the background (b) single-mode lasing spectra from zirconia inverse opal structures infiltrated by the dye solutions. The inset shows detailed shape and width of the lasing line for rhodamine B solution.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependencies of the emission power on the pump irradiance demonstrating threshold-like emission.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic representation of fcc opal crystalline cell with 〈111〉 planes outlined, (b) one-dimensional model of of the corresponding distributed laser cavity filled by material(s) with periodically modulated refractive index and optical gain, lengths (L 1,L 2) and reflection coefficients (r 1, r 2) are defined in accordance with literature [25], (c) dependencies of the lasing intensity versus detuning in the frequency domain (ΔβL) from the Bragg frequency ω 0 = π c Λ n , calculated using theory given in the literature [25].

Equations (1)

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λ bragg = 2 d 111 n eff 2 sin 2 ( θ ) ,

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