Abstract

We report the fabrication of a large mode area tellurite holey fiber from an extruded preform, with a mode area of 3000µm2. Robust single-mode guidance at 1.55µm was confirmed by both optical measurement and numerical simulation. The propagation loss was measured as 2.9dB/m at 1.55µm. A broad and flat supercontinuum from 0.9 to 2.5µm with 6mW output was obtained with a 9cm length of this fiber.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996);Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484-485 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, "High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers," OFC2002 (OSA, Washington, DC, 2002), Postdeadline FA1, 1-3, (2002).
  5. J. Y. Boniort, C. Brehm, PH. DuPont, D. Guignot, and C. Le Sergent, "Infrared glass optical fibers for 4 and 10 micron bands," Proc. 6th ECOC York (London: IEE, 1980) 61-64 (1980).
  6. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, G. R. Broderick, and P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: an efficient modal model," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093-1102 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Delmonte, M. A. Watson, E. J. O'Driscoll, X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, P. Petropoulos, J. H. V. Price, J. C. Baggett, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and D. P. Hand, "Generation of mid-IR continuum using tellurite microstructured fiber," CLEO/QELS Long Beach 21-25 May 2006 CTuA4 (2006).
  10. P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Express 16, 7161-7168, (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).
  14. J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48-54 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-Doped germanotellurite glasses for broadband fiber amplifiers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 165-71 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Ghosh, "Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses," J Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 2828-30 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, "Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2317-2322 (2006).

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-Doped germanotellurite glasses for broadband fiber amplifiers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 165-71 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

G. Ghosh, "Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses," J Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 2828-30 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ashcom, J. B.

Atkin, D. M.

Baggett, J. C.

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, P. J.

Birks, T. A.

Broderick, G. R.

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Casagrandea, F.

A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

D???Alessandroa, M.

A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Domachuk, P.

Dong, L.

Errata,

Feng, X.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-Doped germanotellurite glasses for broadband fiber amplifiers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 165-71 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Frampton, K.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, K.

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

George, A. K.

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, "Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses," J Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 2828-30 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grassi, A. M.

A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanada, T.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-Doped germanotellurite glasses for broadband fiber amplifiers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 165-71 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D. W.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Li, J.

Marinonia, S.

A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Monro, T. M.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, G. R. Broderick, and P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: an efficient modal model," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093-1102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R. C.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

Peng, X.

Petropoulos, P.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, G. R. Broderick, and P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: an efficient modal model," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093-1102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Schaffer, C. B.

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-Doped germanotellurite glasses for broadband fiber amplifiers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 165-71 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

West, Y. D.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wolchover, N. A.

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "An extruded single-mode high-nonlinearity tellurite glass holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 835-837 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

G. Ghosh, "Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses," J Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 2828-30 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of Er3+-Doped germanotellurite glasses for broadband fiber amplifiers," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 165-71 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Grassi, F. Casagrandea, M. D�??Alessandroa, and S. Marinonia, "Single-modeness of short large mode area fibers: an experimental study," Opt. Commun. 273, 127-132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, "High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers," OFC2002 (OSA, Washington, DC, 2002), Postdeadline FA1, 1-3, (2002).

J. Y. Boniort, C. Brehm, PH. DuPont, D. Guignot, and C. Le Sergent, "Infrared glass optical fibers for 4 and 10 micron bands," Proc. 6th ECOC York (London: IEE, 1980) 61-64 (1980).

T. Delmonte, M. A. Watson, E. J. O'Driscoll, X. Feng, T. M. Monro, V. Finazzi, P. Petropoulos, J. H. V. Price, J. C. Baggett, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and D. P. Hand, "Generation of mid-IR continuum using tellurite microstructured fiber," CLEO/QELS Long Beach 21-25 May 2006 CTuA4 (2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical photographs of the cross-sectional views of (a) the extruded tellurite preform and (b) the resulting tellurite holey fiber with 410µm OD.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Simulated near-field mode profiles of the fundamental mode (LP01) and the first higher-order mode (LP11) of the tellurite LMA HF at 1.55µm; (b) Calculated confinement losses of LP01 mode and LP11 mode of tellurite LMA HF between 0.9–5.0µm

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Observed guiding mode profile in tellurite LMA HF at 1.55µm; (b) simulated mode profile of fundamental mode (LP01) of tellurite LMA HF at 1.55 µm

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured loss of tellurite LMA HF (the red dot) at 1.55µm and the loss spectrum of unclad tellurite fiber (the black line)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Dispersion profile of the tellurite LMA HF; (b) SC spectra from a 9cm long tellurite LMA HF under various launch input powers; (c) Observed near-field image of the HF with 6mW output SC spectrum under incident pump power of 15.2mW. Note that the incident pump power was measured before it was launched into the HF.

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