Abstract

We have developed a chirped pulse amplification system of Ti:sapphire laser generating a 9.9 fs pulse with a pulse energy of 11 mJ at a repetition rate of 10 Hz. Spectral narrowing during amplification is successfully compensated by using specially designed partial mirrors and broadband high-damage-threshold mirrors. This is the first demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of the direct amplification of terawatt sub-10-fs pulses in a chirped pulse amplification system of Ti:sapphire laser.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szip¨ocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs", Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, "Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1562 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Dubietis, G. Jonu�?sauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Witte, R. TH. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Nabekawa, Y. Shimizu, and K. Midorikawa, "Sub-20-fs terawatt-class laser system with a mirrorless regenerative amplifier and an adaptive phase controller," Opt. Lett. 27, 1265 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Direct amplification of 12 fs pulses in a terawatt class CPA laser system," CLEO/QELS 2008, paper JThB4.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

X. Zhou, H. Lee, T. Kanai, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe, "An 11-fs, 5-kHz optical parametric/Ti:sapphire hybrid chirped pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 89, 559 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.],S161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "Broadband high-energy mirror for ultrashort pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.], S189 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

1996 (3)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonu�?sauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1986 (1)

Adachi, S.

X. Zhou, H. Lee, T. Kanai, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe, "An 11-fs, 5-kHz optical parametric/Ti:sapphire hybrid chirped pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 89, 559 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amani Eilanlou, A.

A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Direct amplification of 12 fs pulses in a terawatt class CPA laser system," CLEO/QELS 2008, paper JThB4.

Barty, C. P. J.

Bohman, S.

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chambaret, J. P.

Cheng, Z.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.],S161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, "Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szip¨ocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs", Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dimauro, L. F.

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonu�?sauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

Ferencz, K.

Hatayama, M.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.],S161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

Ishii, N.

Ishikawa, K. L.

A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Direct amplification of 12 fs pulses in a terawatt class CPA laser system," CLEO/QELS 2008, paper JThB4.

Jonu??sauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonu�?sauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kakehata, M.

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "High-repetition-rate 12 fs pulse amplification by a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier system," Opt. Lett. 31, 1145 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "Broadband high-energy mirror for ultrashort pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.], S189 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaku, M.

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, H. Lee, T. Kanai, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe, "An 11-fs, 5-kHz optical parametric/Ti:sapphire hybrid chirped pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 89, 559 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Adachi, H. Ishii, T. Kanai, N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, and S. Watanabe, "1.5 mJ, 6.4 fs parametric chirped-pulse amplification system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 32, 2487 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kane, S.

Kemp, R. A.

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

Kuramoto, Y.

Le Blanc, C.

Lee, H.

X. Zhou, H. Lee, T. Kanai, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe, "An 11-fs, 5-kHz optical parametric/Ti:sapphire hybrid chirped pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 89, 559 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

M¨uller, A.

Marcinkevi??cus, A.

Midorikawa, K.

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Shimizu, and K. Midorikawa, "Sub-20-fs terawatt-class laser system with a mirrorless regenerative amplifier and an adaptive phase controller," Opt. Lett. 27, 1265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Direct amplification of 12 fs pulses in a terawatt class CPA laser system," CLEO/QELS 2008, paper JThB4.

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moulton, P. F.

Nabekawa, Y.

Nagasaka, K.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szip¨ocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs", Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonu�?sauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Raksi, F.

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rousseau, P.

Salin, F.

Sartania, S.

Sekikawa, T.

Seres, E.

Seres, J.

Shimizu, Y.

Spielmann, Ch.

Squier, J.

Suda, A.

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szip¨ocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulse below 5 fs", Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Szip¨ocs, R.

Takada, H.

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and Construction of a TW-Class 12-fs Ti:Sapphire Chirped-Pulse Amplification System," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "High-repetition-rate 12 fs pulse amplification by a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier system," Opt. Lett. 31, 1145 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "Broadband high-energy mirror for ultrashort pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.], S189 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Direct amplification of 12 fs pulses in a terawatt class CPA laser system," CLEO/QELS 2008, paper JThB4.

Tavella, F.

Tempea, G.

Tien, A. C.

Togashi, T.

Torizuka, K.

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and Construction of a TW-Class 12-fs Ti:Sapphire Chirped-Pulse Amplification System," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "High-repetition-rate 12 fs pulse amplification by a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier system," Opt. Lett. 31, 1145 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "Broadband high-energy mirror for ultrashort pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.], S189 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ubachs, W.

Walker, B.

Walmsley, I. A.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Wilson, K. R.

Witte, S.

Wolf, A. L.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamaguchi, S.

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a highrepetition- rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, H. Lee, T. Kanai, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe, "An 11-fs, 5-kHz optical parametric/Ti:sapphire hybrid chirped pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 89, 559 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R. TH.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

H. Takada, M. Kakehata, and K. Torizuka, "Broadband high-energy mirror for ultrashort pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.], S189 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, H. Lee, T. Kanai, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe, "An 11-fs, 5-kHz optical parametric/Ti:sapphire hybrid chirped pulse amplification system," Appl. Phys. B 89, 559 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of 0.1-TW optical pulses with a single-stage Ti:sapphire amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70[suppl.],S161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Other (1)

A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Direct amplification of 12 fs pulses in a terawatt class CPA laser system," CLEO/QELS 2008, paper JThB4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral characteristics of the new GNC. The solid curve shows the calculated transmittance and the dotted curve shows the calculated GDD posed on the transmitted light. The dashed curve shows the transmittance of a previously designed GNC (Type B) for direct amplification of terawatt-class 12-fs pulses.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spectral characteristics of the HDTCMs to be used in the regenerative amplifier. The dots show the total GDD of these chirped mirrors measured in pairs. (b) Spectral characteristics of the hybrid laser mirror to be used in the multi-pass amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the upgraded laser system. Ti:S: Ti:sapphire crystal, P.C.: Pockels Cell, GNC: Gain Narrowing Compensator, CCM: Concave Chirped Mirror.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Spectrum of the injected pulse behind the LC-SLM (dashed curve) and Q-switched (QSW) self-oscillation spectrum of the X-fold cavity of the regenerative amplifier (solid curve). (b) Spectra of the amplified pulse behind the pulse slicer (dashed curve) and the 5-pass amplifier (solid curve).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Measured spectral phases. Hatched area shows the spectrum behind the compressor. (b) Reconstructed temporal profile (solid curve) and the Fourier-limit temporal profile (dashed curve). Dotted curve shows the temporal phase.

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