Abstract

We analyze the scalability of diffraction-limited fiber lasers considering thermal, non-linear, damage and pump coupling limits as well as fiber mode field diameter (MFD) restrictions. We derive new general relationships based upon practical considerations. Our analysis shows that if the fiber's MFD could be increased arbitrarily, 36 kW of power could be obtained with diffraction-limited quality from a fiber laser or amplifier. This power limit is determined by thermal and non-linear limits that combine to prevent further power scaling, irrespective of increases in mode size. However, limits to the scaling of the MFD may restrict fiber lasers to lower output powers.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic Crystal Fibers and Fiber Lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24,1661-1668 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Augst, J. K. Ranka, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, "Beam combining of ytterbium fiber amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1707-1715 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Simpson, F. Doft, P. Peterson, and A. Gavrielides, "Coherent combining of spectrally broadened fiber lasers," Opt. Express 15, 11731-11740 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Liao, A. G. Mordovanakis, B. Hou, G. Chang, M. Rever, G. Mourou, J. Nees, and A. Galvanauskas, "Generation of hard X-rays using an ultrafast fiber laser system," Opt. Express 15, 13942-13948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Schermer, "Mode scalability in bent optical fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15674-15701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

A. Carter and B. Samson, "New technology advances applications for high-power fiber lasers," Military Aerospace Electron. 16, 16-21 (2005).

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chang, and A. Galvanauskas, "High-energy and high peak-power nanosecond pulse generation with beam quality control in 200-µm core highly multimode Yb-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 30, 358-360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, and P. W. Turner, "Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power," Opt. Lett. 30, 459-461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. D. Berthelemot, V. Kermène, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Chen, Y. Li, and K. Lu, "Branch arm filtered coherent combining of tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 7878-7883 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

A. K. Ghatak, I. C. Goyal, and R. Jindal, "Design of waveguide refractive index profile to obtain flat modal field," Proc. SPIE 3666, 40-44 (2003).

2001

J. D. Hansryd, "Increase of the SBS threshold in a short highly nonlinear fiber by applying a temperature distribution," J. Lightwave Tech. 19, 1691-1697 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, "Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 207-217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, and D. J. Richardson, "Comparative study of large-mode holey and conventional fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 1045-1047 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 331049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Comm. 136, 375-378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

R. J. Beach, "CW theory of quasi-three level end-pumped laser oscillators," Opt. Comm. 123, 385-393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

1993

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and E. R. Taylor, "Q-switched Neodymium-doped phosphase glass fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2178-2188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, "Observation of catastrophic self-propelled self-focusing in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 24, 47-49 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

1980

1976

D. Marcuse, "Field deformation and loss caused by curvature of optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. 66, 311-320 (1976).

1973

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, "Raman oscillation in glass optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62-64 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, "Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 11, 2489-2494 (1972).

Alegria, C.

Alvarado-Mendez, E.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Andrade-Lucio, J. A.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S. J.

Baggett, J. C.

Barber, P. R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Comm. 136, 375-378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Basurto-Pensado, M. A.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

R. J. Beach, "CW theory of quasi-three level end-pumped laser oscillators," Opt. Comm. 123, 385-393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beltran-Perez, G.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berthelemot, A. D.

Blanc, W.

Blow, K. J.

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, "Observation of catastrophic self-propelled self-focusing in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 24, 47-49 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Boullet, J.

Brown, D.

D. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, "Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 207-217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

Caplen, J. E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Comm. 136, 375-378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carter, A.

A. Carter and B. Samson, "New technology advances applications for high-power fiber lasers," Military Aerospace Electron. 16, 16-21 (2005).

Chang, G.

Chang, Y. C.

Chen, S.

Cheng, M. Y.

Chryssou, C. E.

Codemard, C. A.

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Doft, F.

Dogarlu, A.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Dong, L.

L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donnelly, J. P.

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dupriez, P.

Dussardier, B.

Eberhardt, R.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feit and J. A. Fleck, "Computation of mode properties in optical fiber waveguides by a propagating beam method," Appl. Opt. 19, 1154-1164 (1980).

Fini, J. M.

Fleck, J. A.

Furusawa, K.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gavrielides, A.

Ghalmi, S.

Ghatak, A. K.

A. K. Ghatak, I. C. Goyal, and R. Jindal, "Design of waveguide refractive index profile to obtain flat modal field," Proc. SPIE 3666, 40-44 (2003).

Goyal, I. C.

A. K. Ghatak, I. C. Goyal, and R. Jindal, "Design of waveguide refractive index profile to obtain flat modal field," Proc. SPIE 3666, 40-44 (2003).

Hagan, D. J.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Comm. 136, 375-378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 331049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hansryd, J. D.

J. D. Hansryd, "Increase of the SBS threshold in a short highly nonlinear fiber by applying a temperature distribution," J. Lightwave Tech. 19, 1691-1697 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C. T.

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, L. M. B.

Höfer, S.

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

D. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, "Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 207-217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, P. R.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E. C.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Hou, B.

Huang, R. K.

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, "Raman oscillation in glass optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62-64 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and E. R. Taylor, "Q-switched Neodymium-doped phosphase glass fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2178-2188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Jindal, R.

A. K. Ghatak, I. C. Goyal, and R. Jindal, "Design of waveguide refractive index profile to obtain flat modal field," Proc. SPIE 3666, 40-44 (2003).

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, "Observation of catastrophic self-propelled self-focusing in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 24, 47-49 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kermène, V.

Klingebiel, S.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Krupke, W.

Kuzin, E. A.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liao, K. H.

Liem, A.

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loftus, T. H.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, K.

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, "Field deformation and loss caused by curvature of optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. 66, 311-320 (1976).

Marion, J. E.

Missaggia, L. J.

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mohebi, M.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Monberg, E.

Monro, T. M.

Mordovanakis, A. G.

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and E. R. Taylor, "Q-switched Neodymium-doped phosphase glass fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2178-2188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Nees, J.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

Nolte, S.

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Norsen, M.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pagnoux, D.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Comm. 136, 375-378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 331049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

Payne, D. N.

Peng, X.

L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, "Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 24, 1689-1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peschel, T.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, P.

Po, H.

Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, and H. Po, "Thermal effects in kilowatt fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 63-65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

Ranka, J. K.

Rever, M.

Richardson, D. J.

Rojas-Laguna, R.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

Royse, R.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic-Crystal Fibers," J. Lightwave Tech. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sabourdy, D.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Said, A. A.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Samson, B.

A. Carter and B. Samson, "New technology advances applications for high-power fiber lasers," Military Aerospace Electron. 16, 16-21 (2005).

Sanchez, A.

Schermer, R. T.

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinn, M. D.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T.

Smith, R. G.

Soh, D. B. S.

Soileau, M. J.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Stokowski, S. E.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, "Raman oscillation in glass optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62-64 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and E. R. Taylor, "Q-switched Neodymium-doped phosphase glass fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2178-2188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, A. M.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Cisneros, M.

E. A. Kuzin, G. Beltran-Perez, M. A. Basurto-Pensado, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, M. Torres-Cisneros, and E. Alvarado-Mendez, "Stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with bending loss," Opt. Comm. 169, 87-91 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 331049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Comm. 136, 375-378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. W.

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Tynes, A. R.

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, "Raman oscillation in glass optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62-64 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, and H. Po, "Thermal effects in kilowatt fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 63-65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wanzcyk, L.

Wirth, C.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wisk, P.

Xia, T.

A. A. Said, T. Xia, A. Dogarlu, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Mohebi, "Measurement of the optical damage threshold in fused quartz," Appl. Opt. 36, 3374-3376 (1995).

Xu, C. Q.

Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, and H. Po, "Thermal effects in kilowatt fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 63-65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Zellmer, H.

A. Tünnermann, T. Schreiber, F. Röser, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and J. Limpert, "The renaissance and bright future of fibre lasers," J. Phys. B 38, 681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zenteno, L.

L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, "Raman oscillation in glass optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 62-64 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

R. Kashyap and K. J. Blow, "Observation of catastrophic self-propelled self-focusing in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 24, 47-49 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. R. Hoffman, M. Norsen, R. Royse, A. Liu, and E. C. Honea, "Spectrally Beam - Combined Fiber Lasers for High - Average - Power Applications," IEEE J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 487-497 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and E. R. Taylor, "Q-switched Neodymium-doped phosphase glass fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2178-2188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 331049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, "Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2µm region," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2-13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, "Thermal, Stress, and Thermo-Optic Effects in High Average Power Double-Clad Silica Fiber Lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 207-217 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tunnermann, "The Rising Power of Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537-545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett.

Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, and H. Po, "Thermal effects in kilowatt fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 63-65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, "High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 959-961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Tech.

J. D. Hansryd, "Increase of the SBS threshold in a short highly nonlinear fiber by applying a temperature distribution," J. Lightwave Tech. 19, 1691-1697 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic-Crystal Fibers," J. Lightwave Tech. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Opt. Soc. of Am.

D. Marcuse, "Field deformation and loss caused by curvature of optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. 66, 311-320 (1976).

J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B

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[CrossRef]

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See for example products by LIMO Lissotschenko MIkrooptik, Jenoptik, IPG Photonics, Newport/Spectra Physics for recent diode laser brightness capabilities

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G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, "1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser," Photonics West, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709-2a (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2005).

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