Abstract

A surface-enhanced Raman scattering fiber sensor with chessboard nanostructure on a cleaved fiber facet is studied by finite-difference time-domain method. Surface plasmons at the metal coated nanostructured fiber facet can be effectively excited and strong local electric field enhancement is obtained. Studies on the influence of light polarization demonstrate a large polarization dependence of the field enhancement factor while the polarization effects on the plasmon resonance wavelength are relatively small.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, "Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering," Science 275, 1102-1106 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. H. Murgida and P. Hildebrandt, "Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer of Cytochrome c," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 4062-4068 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. L. Stokes, Z. H. Chi, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-Enhanced-Raman-Scattering-Inducing Nanoprobe for Spectrochemical Analysis," Appl. Spectrosc. 58, 292-298 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Lucotti and G. Zerbi, "Fiber-optic SERS sensor with optimized geometry," Sens. Actuators B 121, 356-364 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Lucotti, A. Pesapane, and G. Zerbi, "Use of a Geometry Optimized Fiber-Optic Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Sensor in Trace Detection," Appl. Spectrosc. 61, 260-268 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Y. Chu, Y. Liu, Y. Huang, and Y. Zhao, "A high sensitive fiber SERS probe based on silver nanorod arrays," Opt. Express 15, 12230-12239 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Gu, Y. Zhang, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Ultra-sensitive Compact Fiber Sensor Based on Nanoparticle Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Proc. of SPIE 5911, 591108-1-11 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. O. Konorov, C. J. Addison, H. G. Schulze, R. F. B. Turner, and M. W. Blades, "Hollow-core photonic crystal fiber-optic probes for Raman spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 1911-1913 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and S. Kalluri, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 13675-13681 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. V. Whitney, B. D. Myers, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Sub-100 nm Triangular Nanopores Fabricated with the Reactive Ion Etching Variant of Nanosphere Lithography and Angle-Resolved Nanosphere Lithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1507-1511 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Engineering surface plasmon based fiber-optic sensors," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237-241 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles incorporated inside an optical fibre matrix," Nanotechnology 17, 2504-2511 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Dhawana, Y. Zhang, F. Yan, M. Gerholda, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Nano-engineered surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates with patterned structures on the distal end of optical fibers," Proc. of SPIE 6869, 68690G-1-10 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. J. White and P. R. Stoddart, "Nanostructured optical fiber with surface-enhanced Raman scattering functionality," Opt. Lett. 30, 598-600 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Moskovit, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: a brief retrospective," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 485-496 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, and Y. Ozaki, "Polarization dependences of surface plasmon bands and surface-enhanced Raman bands of single Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2274-2276 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Collective Theory for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1163-1166 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Engineering surface plasmon based fiber-optic sensors," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237-241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucotti and G. Zerbi, "Fiber-optic SERS sensor with optimized geometry," Sens. Actuators B 121, 356-364 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucotti, A. Pesapane, and G. Zerbi, "Use of a Geometry Optimized Fiber-Optic Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Sensor in Trace Detection," Appl. Spectrosc. 61, 260-268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chu, Y. Liu, Y. Huang, and Y. Zhao, "A high sensitive fiber SERS probe based on silver nanorod arrays," Opt. Express 15, 12230-12239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, M. C. J. Large, and S. Kalluri, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering in a hollow core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 13675-13681 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

S. O. Konorov, C. J. Addison, H. G. Schulze, R. F. B. Turner, and M. W. Blades, "Hollow-core photonic crystal fiber-optic probes for Raman spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 1911-1913 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles incorporated inside an optical fibre matrix," Nanotechnology 17, 2504-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

M. Moskovit, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: a brief retrospective," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 485-496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. White and P. R. Stoddart, "Nanostructured optical fiber with surface-enhanced Raman scattering functionality," Opt. Lett. 30, 598-600 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

D. L. Stokes, Z. H. Chi, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-Enhanced-Raman-Scattering-Inducing Nanoprobe for Spectrochemical Analysis," Appl. Spectrosc. 58, 292-298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Whitney, B. D. Myers, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Sub-100 nm Triangular Nanopores Fabricated with the Reactive Ion Etching Variant of Nanosphere Lithography and Angle-Resolved Nanosphere Lithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1507-1511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, and Y. Ozaki, "Polarization dependences of surface plasmon bands and surface-enhanced Raman bands of single Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2274-2276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. H. Murgida and P. Hildebrandt, "Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer of Cytochrome c," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 4062-4068 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, "Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering," Science 275, 1102-1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Collective Theory for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1163-1166 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Addison, C. J.

Argyros, A.

Armstrong, R. L.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bjerneld, E. J.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blades, M. W.

Börjesson, L.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brown, S. D. M.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chi, Z. H.

Chu, H. Y.

Corio, P.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cox, F. M.

Danilova, Y. E.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dasari, R. R.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dhawan, A.

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Engineering surface plasmon based fiber-optic sensors," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237-241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles incorporated inside an optical fibre matrix," Nanotechnology 17, 2504-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dluhy, R. A.

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, G.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duyne, R. P. V.

A. V. Whitney, B. D. Myers, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Sub-100 nm Triangular Nanopores Fabricated with the Reactive Ion Etching Variant of Nanosphere Lithography and Angle-Resolved Nanosphere Lithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1507-1511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Emory, S. R.

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, "Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering," Science 275, 1102-1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, J.

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Collective Theory for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1163-1166 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, C.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hanlon, E. B.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hashimoto, K.

T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, and Y. Ozaki, "Polarization dependences of surface plasmon bands and surface-enhanced Raman bands of single Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2274-2276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrandt, P.

D. H. Murgida and P. Hildebrandt, "Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer of Cytochrome c," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 4062-4068 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, W.

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Itoh, T.

T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, and Y. Ozaki, "Polarization dependences of surface plasmon bands and surface-enhanced Raman bands of single Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2274-2276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itzkan, I.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahl, M.

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Käll, M.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kalluri, S.

Kim, W.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, H.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, K.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Konorov, S. O.

Kostrewa, S.

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Large, M. C. J.

Lepeshkin, N. N.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. Y.

J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

H. Y. Chu, Y. Liu, Y. Huang, and Y. Zhao, "A high sensitive fiber SERS probe based on silver nanorod arrays," Opt. Express 15, 12230-12239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lucotti, A.

Luo, Q.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Markel, V. A.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marucci, A.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McLellan, J. M.

J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moskovit, M.

M. Moskovit, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: a brief retrospective," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 485-496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Motz, J.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murgida, D. H.

D. H. Murgida and P. Hildebrandt, "Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer of Cytochrome c," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 4062-4068 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muth, J. F.

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Engineering surface plasmon based fiber-optic sensors," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237-241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles incorporated inside an optical fibre matrix," Nanotechnology 17, 2504-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myers, B. D.

A. V. Whitney, B. D. Myers, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Sub-100 nm Triangular Nanopores Fabricated with the Reactive Ion Etching Variant of Nanosphere Lithography and Angle-Resolved Nanosphere Lithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1507-1511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nie, S. M.

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, "Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering," Science 275, 1102-1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozaki, Y.

T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, and Y. Ozaki, "Polarization dependences of surface plasmon bands and surface-enhanced Raman bands of single Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2274-2276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Collective Theory for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1163-1166 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perelman, L. T.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pesapane, A.

Rautian, S. G.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Safanov, V. P.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schulze, H. G.

Schwartzberg, A. M.

Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seballos, L.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shafer, K.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shanmukh, S.

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shi, C.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siekkinen, A. R.

J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srituravanich, W.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stoddart, P. R.

Stokes, D. L.

Sun, C.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turner, R. F. B.

Viets, C.

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vo-Dinh, T.

Voges, E.

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

White, D. J.

Whitney, A. V.

A. V. Whitney, B. D. Myers, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Sub-100 nm Triangular Nanopores Fabricated with the Reactive Ion Etching Variant of Nanosphere Lithography and Angle-Resolved Nanosphere Lithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1507-1511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. X.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zerbi, G.

Zhang, J. Z.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zhao, Y. P.

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Zhang, C. Gu, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensor based on D-shaped fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123105-1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504-1-3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, J. Fan, Y. P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh and R. A. Dluhy, "Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173134-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, and Y. Ozaki, "Polarization dependences of surface plasmon bands and surface-enhanced Raman bands of single Ag nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2274-2276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

D. H. Murgida and P. Hildebrandt, "Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer of Cytochrome c," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 4062-4068 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

M. Moskovit, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: a brief retrospective," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 485-496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Engineering surface plasmon based fiber-optic sensors," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237-241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

J. M. McLellan, Z. Y. Li, A. R. Siekkinen, and Y. Xia, "The SERS Activity of a Supported Ag Nanocube Strongly Depends on Its Orientation Relative to Laser Polarization," Nano Lett. 7, 1013-1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Whitney, B. D. Myers, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Sub-100 nm Triangular Nanopores Fabricated with the Reactive Ion Etching Variant of Nanosphere Lithography and Angle-Resolved Nanosphere Lithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1507-1511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, "Plasmonic Nanolithography," Nano Lett. 4, 1085-1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, "Plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles incorporated inside an optical fibre matrix," Nanotechnology 17, 2504-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Collective Theory for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1163-1166 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667-1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Käll, and L. Börjesson, "Spectroscopy of Single Hemoglobin Molecules by Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357-4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Safanov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, "Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1102-1105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, P. Corio, S. D. M. Brown, K. Shafer, J. Motz, L. T. Perelman, E. B. Hanlon, A. Marucci, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, "Surface-Enhanced and Normal Stokes and Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3470-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

S. M. Nie and S. R. Emory, "Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering," Science 275, 1102-1106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B

A. Lucotti and G. Zerbi, "Fiber-optic SERS sensor with optimized geometry," Sens. Actuators B 121, 356-364 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill. "Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS," Sens. Actuators B 51, 285-291 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Gu, Y. Zhang, A. M. Schwartzberg, and J. Z. Zhang, "Ultra-sensitive Compact Fiber Sensor Based on Nanoparticle Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering," Proc. of SPIE 5911, 591108-1-11 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dhawana, Y. Zhang, F. Yan, M. Gerholda, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Nano-engineered surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates with patterned structures on the distal end of optical fibers," Proc. of SPIE 6869, 68690G-1-10 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). The basic geometry of chessboard nanostructure on the distal end of optical fiber. (b). The simulated structure viewed from the top.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). The intensity enhancement distribution for the chessboard nanostructure. Inset: the largest intensity enhancement. (b). The intensity enhancement distribution at the top surface of the chessboard nanostructure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The extinction spectra of the chessboard nanostructure. (a). Gap=-10 nm, Thickness=10 nm; (b). Length=196 nm, Thickness=10 nm; (c). Length=196 nm, Gap=-10 nm;

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The polarization effects on local field enhancement at different monitor positions in a polar diagram.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The time history of electric field for different monitors when the polarization is 90°. The olive line represents propagation in the vacuum. (a). Monitor 1 and monitor 2; (b). Monitor 3 and monitor 4;

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The extinction spectra of the chessboard nanostructure for different polarizations, where length, gap, and thickness are 196 nm, -10 nm and 10 nm, respectively. Inset: zoom in the extinction spectra around the resonant wavelength.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. The phase differences of the electric field for different monitors when the polarization is 90°.

Metrics