Abstract

We demonstrate a two-handed metamaterial (THM), composed of highly symmetric three-layered structures operated at normal incidence. Not only does the THM exhibit two distinct allowed bands with right-handed and left-handed electromagnetic responses, but posses a further advantage of being independent to the polarizations of external excitations. In addition, the THM automatically matches the wave impedance in free space, leading to maximum transmittances about 0.8 dB in the left-handed band and almost 0 dB in the right-handed band, respectively. Such a THM can be employed for diverse electromagnetic devices including dual-band bandpass filters, ultra-wide bandpass filters and superlenses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. D. Watson, and F. H. C. Crick, "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids," Nature 171, 737-738 (1953).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. G. Veselago, "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, "Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell's law," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 137401 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Seddon, and T. Bearpark, "Observation of the inverse Doppler effect," Science 302, 1537-1540 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Lu, T. M. Grzegorczyk, Y. Zhang, J. Pacheco, B. I. Wu, J. A. Kong, and M. Chen, "Cerenkov radiation in materials with negative permittivity and permeability," Opt. Express 11, 723-734 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. M. Shalaev, W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H. K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, "Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3356-3358 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. V. Eleftheriades, A. K. Iyer, and P. C. Kremer, "Planar negative refractive index media using periodically L-C loaded transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 2702-2712 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peaks in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 29, 2623-2625 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surface: Theory and Design (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2000).
    [CrossRef]
  27. F. T. Ulaby, Fundamental of Applied Electromagnetics (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1999). 1. 28. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, "Perfect metamaterial absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).

2008 (1)

F. T. Ulaby, Fundamental of Applied Electromagnetics (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1999). 1. 28. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, "Perfect metamaterial absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).

2006 (3)

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H. K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, "Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3356-3358 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peaks in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 29, 2623-2625 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, "Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell's law," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 137401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Seddon, and T. Bearpark, "Observation of the inverse Doppler effect," Science 302, 1537-1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lu, T. M. Grzegorczyk, Y. Zhang, J. Pacheco, B. I. Wu, J. A. Kong, and M. Chen, "Cerenkov radiation in materials with negative permittivity and permeability," Opt. Express 11, 723-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

G. V. Eleftheriades, A. K. Iyer, and P. C. Kremer, "Planar negative refractive index media using periodically L-C loaded transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 2702-2712 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

V. G. Veselago, "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

J. D. Watson, and F. H. C. Crick, "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids," Nature 171, 737-738 (1953).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

Bearpark, T.

N. Seddon, and T. Bearpark, "Observation of the inverse Doppler effect," Science 302, 1537-1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonache, J.

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brock, J. B.

A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, "Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell's law," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 137401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W. S.

Chen, H.

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. S.

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. S.

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

Chettiar, U. K.

Chuang, I. L.

A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, "Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell's law," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 137401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crawford, J. L.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crick, F. H. C.

J. D. Watson, and F. H. C. Crick, "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids," Nature 171, 737-738 (1953).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drachev, V. P.

Economou, E. N.

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eleftheriades, G. V.

G. V. Eleftheriades, A. K. Iyer, and P. C. Kremer, "Planar negative refractive index media using periodically L-C loaded transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 2702-2712 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Garcia, J.

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gil, I.

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gil, M.

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

Guven, K.

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houck, A. A.

A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, "Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell's law," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 137401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huangfu, J.

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huangfu, J. T.

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iyer, A. K.

G. V. Eleftheriades, A. K. Iyer, and P. C. Kremer, "Planar negative refractive index media using periodically L-C loaded transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 2702-2712 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peaks in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 29, 2623-2625 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katsarakis, N.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

Kolpak, F. J.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, T. M. Grzegorczyk, Y. Zhang, J. Pacheco, B. I. Wu, J. A. Kong, and M. Chen, "Cerenkov radiation in materials with negative permittivity and permeability," Opt. Express 11, 723-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kremer, P. C.

G. V. Eleftheriades, A. K. Iyer, and P. C. Kremer, "Planar negative refractive index media using periodically L-C loaded transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 2702-2712 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

Markos, P.

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, F.

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peaks in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 29, 2623-2625 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pacheco, J.

Padilla, W. J.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quigley, G. J.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ran, L.

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L. X.

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rich, A.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seddon, N.

N. Seddon, and T. Bearpark, "Observation of the inverse Doppler effect," Science 302, 1537-1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peaks in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 29, 2623-2625 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tuttle, G.

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ulaby, F. T.

F. T. Ulaby, Fundamental of Applied Electromagnetics (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1999). 1. 28. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, "Perfect metamaterial absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).

Van der Marel, G.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanboom, J. H.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, A. H. J.

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watson, J. D.

J. D. Watson, and F. H. C. Crick, "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids," Nature 171, 737-738 (1953).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B. I.

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, H. K.

Zhang, L.

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, L. Zhang, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of true left-handed transmission peaks in metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 29, 2623-2625 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, J. F.

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Experimental demonstration of negative index of refraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. (2)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. V. Eleftheriades, A. K. Iyer, and P. C. Kremer, "Planar negative refractive index media using periodically L-C loaded transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 2702-2712 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Gil, J. Bonache, M. Gil, J. Garcia-Garcia, and F. Martin, "Left-handed and right-handed transmission properties of microstrip lines loaded with complementary split rings resonators," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2508-2511 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. D. Watson, and F. H. C. Crick, "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids," Nature 171, 737-738 (1953).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Wang, G. J. Quigley, F. J. Kolpak, J. L. Crawford, J. H. Vanboom, G. Van der Marel, and A. Rich, "Molecular structure of a left-handed double helical DNA fragment at atomic resolution," Nature 282, 680-686 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, E. Ozbay, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Left- and right-handed transmission peaks near the magnetic resonance frequency in composite metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 70, 201101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Ran, J. Huangfu, H. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and J. A. Kong, "Microwave solid-state left-handed material with a broad bandwidth and an ultralow loss," Phys. Rev. B 70, 073102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E 71, 036617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chen, L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, and K. S. Chen, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Effective medium theory of left-handed materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, "Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell's law," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 137401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. T. Ulaby, Fundamental of Applied Electromagnetics (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1999). 1. 28. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, "Perfect metamaterial absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).

Science (3)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Seddon, and T. Bearpark, "Observation of the inverse Doppler effect," Science 302, 1537-1540 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. G. Veselago, "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surface: Theory and Design (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The fabricated THM (right panel) and the perspective view of a unit cell (left panel). The THM shows a four-fold symmetric sandwiched structure, composed of 17-□m-thick copper plates and a Rogers TMM4 board with the relative dielectric constant of 4.5. The geometric parameters of the THM are as following: ax =ay =9.8 mm, r=4.75 mm, d=0.7874 mm, h=0.30 mm, and w=0.28 mm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a). The S-parameter magnitudes of the THM from the numerical simulations (black solid line and black dot-dash line) and the real measurements (other colored solid lines) at different polarizations under normal incidence. There exist left-handed and right-handed peaks at 11.2 and 15.7 GHz, respectively. (b) As removing one of the metal plates from the THM as a control sample, the left-handed peak disappears but the right-handed one still survives. (c) The measured phase of transmittance. A significant phase change occurs only for the THM system (colored solid lines), but it vanishes for the one-single-layered system (colored dash lines).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The retrieved dispersive curves of εeff (ω) (blue lines) and µeff (ω) (red lines) from the numerical simulations. (a) The THM exhibits both negative εeff (ω) and µeff (ω) between ωM0 and ωMP , leading to the left-handed allowed band at 11.2 GHz. Besides, in the regime from ω P to ωE0 , εeff (ω) and µeff (ω) turn to be positive to form the right-handed allowed band centered at 15.7 GHz. The inset clearly indicates the negative refractive index with respect to the lefthanded allowed band. The arrows here indicate where the impedance match and the highest transmittance take place. (b) In the controlled single-metal-layer system, the missing resonance at ωM0 indicates that the magnetic response is actually excited by the induced antiparallel surface currents within two insulated copper plates in the THM.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

μ eff ( ω ) = 1 ω MP 2 ω M 0 2 ω 2 ω M 0 2 + i Γ M ω .
ε eff ( ω ) = 1 ω P 2 ω 2 + i Γ E ω .
R ( ω ) = ( η ~ THM η 0 η ~ THM + η 0 ) ( η ~ THM η 0 η ~ THM + η 0 ) *
T ( ω ) = 1 R ( ω ) A ( ω ) 1 A ( ω )

Metrics