Abstract

We report on a single-end diode-pumped waveguide laser providing output power in excess of 20 mW with 17% slope efficiency in robust single longitudinal and transverse mode operation at 1533.5 nm. The active medium was an Er:Yb-doped waveguide only 9-mm long fabricated by Ag-Na ion-exchange in a phosphate glass. The overall cavity length including butt-coupled fiber-Bragg-grating mirrors was <60 mm. We also report on high power waveguide lasers providing more than 160 mW output power and 46% slope efficiency in multimode operation. Feasibility of high power single mode waveguide lasers based on ion-exchange technology in phosphate glasses is also experimentally investigated by using a 50-mm long active waveguide specially designed for efficient single-end pumping.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today's Networks (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).
  2. C. J. Karlsson, F. A. Olsson, D. Letalick, and M. Harris, "All-Fiber Multifunction Continuous-Wave Coherent Laser Radar at 1.55 µm for Range, Speed, Vibration, and Wind Measurements," Appl. Opt. 39, 3716-3726 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York - Basel, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Schülzgen, L. Li, V. L. Temyanko, S. Suzuki, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, "Single-frequency fiber oscillator with watt-level output power using photonic crystal phosphate glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 7087-7092 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, "Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468-1474 (1995).
  8. G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, "1.5 ?m single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing," Opt. Express 15, 3190-3194 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, "Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984-1002 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Yliniemi, J. Albert, Q. Wang and S. Honkanen "UV-exposed Bragg gratings for laser applications in silver-sodium ion-exchanged phosphate glass waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 2898-2903 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).
  17. C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, "Improved Gain Performance In Yb3+-Sensitized Er3+-Doped Alumina (Al2O3) Channel Optical Waveguide Amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 345-349 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, "Improved Gain Performance In Yb3+-Sensitized Er3+-Doped Alumina (Al2O3) Channel Optical Waveguide Amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 345-349 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1995 (1)

1988 (1)

R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, "Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984-1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

Bastard, L.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Broquin, J. E.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cassagnètes, C.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chryssou, C. E.

Cianci, E.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Della Valle, G.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, "1.5 ?m single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing," Opt. Express 15, 3190-3194 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Di Pasquale, F.

Diemeer, M. B. J.

Festa, A.

Foglietti, V.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Funk, D. S.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harris, M.

Hayden, J. S.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hendriksen, B.

Honkanen, S.

Houde-Walter, S. N.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jose, G.

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaneda, Y.

Karlsson, C. J.

Laporta, P.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, "1.5 ?m single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing," Opt. Express 15, 3190-3194 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Letalick, D.

Li, L.

Liu, W.-C.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

Obarski, G. E.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, F. A.

Osellame, R.

Peskin, A. P.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peters, P. M.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pitt, C. W.

Polman, A.

Priolo, F.

Ramaswamy, R. V.

R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, "Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984-1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sanford, N. A.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schülzgen, A.

Snoeks, E.

Sorbello, G.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spiegelberg, C.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, "Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984-1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

Svelto, O.

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, "1.5 ?m single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing," Opt. Express 15, 3190-3194 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Temyanko, V. L.

van den Hoven, G. N.

Veasey, D. L.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Yliniemi, S.

Young, M.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 µm," Electron. Lett. 37, 1014-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta, "Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange," Electron. Lett. 42, 632-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnètes and J. E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti and P. Laporta "Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass," Opt. Mater. 23, 559-567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today's Networks (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263 & 264, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York - Basel, 2002).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Typical waveguide refractive index profiles. (b) Typical near-field mode profiles of the waveguide compared to near-field mode profiles of standard SMF-28 fiber at 1550 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Schematic of waveguide laser set-up. (b) Picture of the 9-mm waveguide laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Slope efficiency (triangles) and pump power threshold (squares) vs. output coupling. (b) Maximum output power vs. output coupling.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Single mode laser output power as a function of pump power. Inset shows RIN spectrum at 22 mW output power. (b). Fabry-Perot spectrum of the single mode laser. The frequency offset shows drift without mode-hopping.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser cavity setup for high power waveguide laser experiments. PC: polarization controller. Picture shows a 45 mm long active waveguide butt-coupled to FBG fibers under double-end pumping.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). Laser output power (in multimode operation) vs. pump power (double-end pumping) for the 45-mm long active waveguide for three different output couplers. Inset shows the small-signal internal gain and insertion losses of the 45-mm long active waveguide under 500 mW total incident pump power (double-end pumping scheme). (b) Laser characteristics of the 60 mm long laser cavity based on a 50-mm long active waveguide specially designed to allow efficient single-end pumping at 980 nm.

Metrics