Abstract

We report on a single-end diode-pumped waveguide laser providing output power in excess of 20 mW with 17% slope efficiency in robust single longitudinal and transverse mode operation at 1533.5 nm. The active medium was an Er:Yb-doped waveguide only 9-mm long fabricated by Ag-Na ion-exchange in a phosphate glass. The overall cavity length including butt-coupled fiber-Bragg-grating mirrors was <60 mm. We also report on high power waveguide lasers providing more than 160 mW output power and 46% slope efficiency in multimode operation. Feasibility of high power single mode waveguide lasers based on ion-exchange technology in phosphate glasses is also experimentally investigated by using a 50-mm long active waveguide specially designed for efficient single-end pumping.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today’s Networks (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).
  2. C. J. Karlsson, F. A. Olsson, D. Letalick, and M. Harris, “All-Fiber Multifunction Continuous-Wave Coherent Laser Radar at 1.55 μm for Range, Speed, Vibration, and Wind Measurements,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3716–3726 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York – Basel, 2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, “Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827–1829 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57–62 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Schülzgen, L. Li, V. L. Temyanko, S. Suzuki, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, “Single-frequency fiber oscillator with watt-level output power using photonic crystal phosphate glass fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 7087–7092 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).
  8. G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15, 3190–3194 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Yliniemi, J. Albert, Q. Wang, and S. Honkanen “UV-exposed Bragg gratings for laser applications in silver-sodium ion-exchanged phosphate glass waveguides,” Opt. Express 14, 2898–2903 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  16. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).
  17. C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Improved Gain Performance In Yb3+-Sensitized Er3+-Doped Alumina (Al2O3) Channel Optical Waveguide Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 345–349 (2001).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, “Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827–1829 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Improved Gain Performance In Yb3+-Sensitized Er3+-Doped Alumina (Al2O3) Channel Optical Waveguide Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 345–349 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. J. Karlsson, F. A. Olsson, D. Letalick, and M. Harris, “All-Fiber Multifunction Continuous-Wave Coherent Laser Radar at 1.55 μm for Range, Speed, Vibration, and Wind Measurements,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3716–3726 (2000).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

1988 (1)

R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

Bastard, L.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
[Crossref]

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).

Blaize, S.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
[Crossref]

Broquin, J. E.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cassagnétes, C.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

Chryssou, C. E.

Cianci, E.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Della Valle, G.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15, 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Di Pasquale, F.

Diemeer, M. B. J.

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Festa, A.

Foglietti, V.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Funk, D. S.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, “Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827–1829 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ghuman, B. S.

H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today’s Networks (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).

Harris, M.

Hayden, J. S.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hendriksen, B.

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Honkanen, S.

Houde-Walter, S. N.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, “Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827–1829 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jose, G.

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kaneda, Y.

Karlsson, C. J.

Laporta, P.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15, 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Letalick, D.

Li, L.

Liu, W.-C.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

Obarski, G. E.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Olsson, F. A.

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).

Osellame, R.

Peskin, A. P.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peters, P. M.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pitt, C. W.

Polman, A.

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Priolo, F.

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Ramaswamy, R. V.

R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sanford, N. A.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schülzgen, A.

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Sorbello, G.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Spiegelberg, C.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, “Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827–1829 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003),” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57–62 (2004).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, R.

R. V. Ramaswamy and R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, S.

Svelto, O.

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Taccheo, S.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15, 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

Temyanko, V. L.

van den Hoven, G. N.

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Veasey, D. L.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Willebrand, H.

H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today’s Networks (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).

Yin, S.

F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York – Basel, 2002).
[Crossref]

Yliniemi, S.

Young, M.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yu, F. T. S.

F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York – Basel, 2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “Singlemode Er-Yb waveguide laser array at 1.5 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1014–1015 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42, 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnétes, and J. E. Broquin “Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516–518 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, and J. S. Hayden, “Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264, 369–381 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

E. Snoeks, G. N. van den Hoven, A. Polman, B. Hendriksen, M. B. J. Diemeer, and F. Priolo, “Cooperative upconversion in erbium-implanted soda-lime silicate glass optical waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1468–1474 (1995).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

G. Jose, G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, E. Cianci, V. Foglietti, and P. Laporta “Ag-Na ion-exchange from dilute melt: guidelines for planar waveguide fabrication on a commercial phosphate glass,” Opt. Mater. 23, 559–567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, “Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827–1829 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today’s Networks (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).

F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York – Basel, 2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Academic Press, 1998).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Typical waveguide refractive index profiles. (b) Typical near-field mode profiles of the waveguide compared to near-field mode profiles of standard SMF-28 fiber at 1550 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Schematic of waveguide laser set-up. (b) Picture of the 9-mm waveguide laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Slope efficiency (triangles) and pump power threshold (squares) vs. output coupling. (b) Maximum output power vs. output coupling.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Single mode laser output power as a function of pump power. Inset shows RIN spectrum at 22 mW output power. (b). Fabry-Perot spectrum of the single mode laser. The frequency offset shows drift without mode-hopping.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser cavity setup for high power waveguide laser experiments. PC: polarization controller. Picture shows a 45 mm long active waveguide butt-coupled to FBG fibers under double-end pumping.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). Laser output power (in multimode operation) vs. pump power (double-end pumping) for the 45-mm long active waveguide for three different output couplers. Inset shows the small-signal internal gain and insertion losses of the 45-mm long active waveguide under 500 mW total incident pump power (double-end pumping scheme). (b) Laser characteristics of the 60 mm long laser cavity based on a 50-mm long active waveguide specially designed to allow efficient single-end pumping at 980 nm.

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