Abstract

In this investigation, we propose and demonstrate a colorless wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) at 2.5 Gb/s using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA)-based optical networking units (ONUs); together with a self-protected architecture against fiber fault. In the optical line terminal (OLT), we use an array of self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diodes (FP-LDs) to provide single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) continuous wave (CW) optical sources for the external injection to the RSOA-based ONUs. The self-survivable function for protecting the fiber fault in the distributed fibers and the proposed network performance are investigated and discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, and R. Brenot, "WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs," in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2006), Paper Tu4.5.1.
  2. M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Jang, C. S. Lee, D. M. Seol, E. S. Jung, and B. W. Kim, "A bidirectional RSOA based WDM-PON utilizing a SCM signal down-link and a baseband signal for up-link," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2007), Paper JThA78.
  6. W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, and G. Jeong, "Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed forward current injection," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2007), Paper OTuH1.
  7. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, "High temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON," in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2007), invited paper, Paper 06.4.1.
  9. F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, and N. Genay, "WDM-PON with colorless ONUs," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2007), Paper OTuG5.
  10. T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Lin and C. K. Chan, "A broadcast and select WDM-PON and its protection," in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2005), Paper We4.P.024.
  12. X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 631-633 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2006

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 631-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. K.

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 631-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chan, T. J.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 631-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, G.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, C. H.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaminov, I. P.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. G.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. Y.

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. Y.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, T. S.

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 631-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a Local Access Router Network," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "A self-protected architecture for wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 631-633 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Jang, C. S. Lee, D. M. Seol, E. S. Jung, and B. W. Kim, "A bidirectional RSOA based WDM-PON utilizing a SCM signal down-link and a baseband signal for up-link," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2007), Paper JThA78.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, and G. Jeong, "Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed forward current injection," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2007), Paper OTuH1.

Z. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Lin and C. K. Chan, "A broadcast and select WDM-PON and its protection," in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2005), Paper We4.P.024.

A. Borghesani, I. F. Lealman, A. Poustie, D. W. Smith, and R. Wyatt, "High temperature, colourless operation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for 2.5Gbit/s upstream transmission in a WDM-PON," in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2007), invited paper, Paper 06.4.1.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, and N. Genay, "WDM-PON with colorless ONUs," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), (2007), Paper OTuG5.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, and R. Brenot, "WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs," in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2006), Paper Tu4.5.1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup uses self-seeding Fabry-Perot lasers to serve as CW WDM external injection into each ONU for self-protected RSOA-based colorless WDM-PON, when the access system is without any fiber fault.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Proposed self-protected RSOA-based colorless WDM-PON when a fiber fault occurs between RN and ONU2 in working fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Protection switching time measurement for the self-protected system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The output spectra of MLM FP-LD and SLM FP-LD without and with self-seeding.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power and wavelength variations of the proposed self-seeding CW laser at 1540.5 nm initially over 30 minutes observation time.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output power, output wavelength and SMSR of the proposed CW laser source under the temperature variation of FP-LD from 14 to 28 °C. Initially, the temperature of FP-LD is set at 20 °C.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER for the (a) downstream and (b) upstream traffic with and without protection.

Metrics