Abstract

We present a novel tunable dispersion compensator that can provide pure slope compensation. The approach uses two specially designed complex fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) with reversely varied third-order group delay curves to generate the dispersion slope. The slope can be changed by adjusting the relative wavelength positions of the two FBGs. Several design examples of such complex gratings are presented and discussed. Experimentally, we achieve a dispersion slope tuning range of +/-650ps/nm2 with >0.9nm usable bandwidth.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Shu, I. Bennion, J. Mitchell, and K. Sugden, "Tailored Gires-Tournois etalons as tunable dispersion slope compensators," Opt. Lett. 29, 1013 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Ibsen and R. Feced, "Fiber Bragg gratings for pure dispersion-slope compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 980 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the Synthesis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by Layer Peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

X. Shu, I. Bennion, J. Mitchell, and K. Sugden, "Tailored Gires-Tournois etalons as tunable dispersion slope compensators," Opt. Lett. 29, 1013 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen and R. Feced, "Fiber Bragg gratings for pure dispersion-slope compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 980 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the Synthesis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by Layer Peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Bruce, A. J.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Caldwell, R.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M. A.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Colbourne, P.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the Synthesis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by Layer Peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feced, R.

Goh, C. S.

S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L. T.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hulse, C. A.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Khijwania, S. K.

S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kiran, S.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, F.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, M.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, S.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McLaughlin, S.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J.

Miyazaki, T.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nezam, S. M. R. M.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J. J.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Popelek, J.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Randall, G.

D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reyes, P. I.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.

J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scotti, R. E.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

Skaar, J.

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the Synthesis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by Layer Peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

Sughhara, T.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taira, K.

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takabayashi, M.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the Synthesis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by Layer Peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, R.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
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Yoshiara, K.

S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
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Yu, C.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
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W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280 (1999).
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J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, "On the Synthesis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by Layer Peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165 (2001).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, K. Taira, S. K. Khijwania, and K. Kikuchi, "Nonlinearly strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating with an adjustable dispersion slope," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 663 (2002).
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W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280 (1999).
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C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623 (1999).
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D. J. Moss, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensators for 10Gb/s using all-pass multicavitiy etalons," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 730 (2003).
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S. Matsumoto, M. Takabayashi, K. Yoshiara, T. Sughhara, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, "Tunable dispersion slope compensator with a chirped fiber grating and a divided thin-film heater for 160 Gb/s RZ transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Reyes, N. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, "160-Gb/s tunable dispersion slope compensator using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a quadratic heater," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 831 (2005).
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J. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Roh, and B. Lee, "Tunable Dispersion Slope Compensator Using a Chirped Fiber Bragg Grating Tuned by a Fan-Shaped Thin Metallic Heat Channel," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 118 (2006).
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J. Kwon and B. Lee, "Dispersion-order selectable chromatic dispersion compensator using strain-profile modification blocks," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett. 15, 1564 (2003).
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Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, "Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2259 (2002).
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S. K. Khijwania, C. S. Goh, S. Y. Set, and K. Kikuchi, "A novel tunable dispersion slope compensator based on nonlinearly thermally chirped fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Commun. 227, 107 (2003).
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Figures (6)

Fig.1.
Fig.1.

Designed complex grating with A>0. (a) Real and imaginary part of the coupling coefficient (κ). (b)Apodisation profile and period variation profile. (c) Calculated reflectivity, group delay and dispersion for the designed grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Designed complex grating with A<0. (a) Real and imaginary part of the coupling coefficient (κ). (b)Apodisation profile and period variation profile. (c) Calculated reflectivity, group delay and dispersion for the designed grating.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Designed third-order group-delay gratings with different bandwidths. (a) Apodisation profiles; (b) Period variations.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Designed third-order group-delay gratings with different slope coefficients. (a) Apodisation profiles; (b) Period variations.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Schematic of the fabrication setup. (b) and (c) Measured reflectivity and group delay of a FBG sample with different light launch sides. (d) Corresponding dispersion.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured group delay (a), transmission spectra (b), dispersion (c) and group delay ripples (d) of a tunable dispersion slope compensator at different dispersion slope settings. Insect in (a) shows the schematic configuration of the TDSC.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D 1 ( λ ) = 3 A ( λ - λ 0 ) 2
D 2 ( λ ) = 3 A ( λ - λ 0 ) 2
D total ( λ , Δλ ) = D 1 ( λ + Δλ ) + D 2 ( λ - Δλ ) = 12 A Δλ ( λ - λ 0 )
DS ( λ , Δλ ) = 12 A Δλ

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