Abstract

We investigated influence of the self-diffraction effect on optical Kerr signals of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass (BI glass) and CS2 in femtosecond non-collinear pump-probe optical Kerr experiments. By measuring the dependence of the Kerr signals on the pump power and on the polarization angle between pump and probe beams, we found that the optical Kerr signals of CS2 consisted of two components: a fast response and a slow response, which were attributed to the self-diffraction effect and the photoinduced birefringence effect, respectively. The contribution of the self-diffraction effect to the Kerr signals increased with increase of the pump power. For the BI glass, no evident influence of self-diffraction on the Kerr signals was observed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I.Z. Kozma and J. Hebling: "Comparative analysis of optical setups for excitation of dynamic gratings by ultrashort light pulses," Opt. Commun. 199, 407-415 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, "Picosecond response of a high-repetition-rate CS2 optical Kerr gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 92-94 (1975).
    [CrossRef]

2008

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Horli and K. Sakai, "A system of Kerr effect spectroscopy for light absorbing liquids," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3122-3126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

Th. Schneider, and J. Reif, "Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Reif, R. P. Schmid, and Th. Schneider, "Femtosecond third-harmonic generation: self-phase matching through a transient Kerr grating and the way to ultrafast computing," Appl. Phys. B 74, 745-748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

I.Z. Kozma and J. Hebling: "Comparative analysis of optical setups for excitation of dynamic gratings by ultrashort light pulses," Opt. Commun. 199, 407-415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

R. Righini, "Ultrafast optical effect in liquids and solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, "Picosecond response of a high-repetition-rate CS2 optical Kerr gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 92-94 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, S.

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hebling, J.

I.Z. Kozma and J. Hebling: "Comparative analysis of optical setups for excitation of dynamic gratings by ultrashort light pulses," Opt. Commun. 199, 407-415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Horli, K.

K. Horli and K. Sakai, "A system of Kerr effect spectroscopy for light absorbing liquids," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3122-3126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hou, X.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hua, B.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, "Picosecond response of a high-repetition-rate CS2 optical Kerr gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 92-94 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

Kanbara, H.

Kobayashi, H.

Kondo, Y.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kozma, I.Z.

I.Z. Kozma and J. Hebling: "Comparative analysis of optical setups for excitation of dynamic gratings by ultrashort light pulses," Opt. Commun. 199, 407-415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

Kurihana, T.

Kurita, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, T.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nasu, H.

H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ooba, N.

Qian, G.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reif, J.

J. Reif, R. P. Schmid, and Th. Schneider, "Femtosecond third-harmonic generation: self-phase matching through a transient Kerr grating and the way to ultrafast computing," Appl. Phys. B 74, 745-748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Th. Schneider, and J. Reif, "Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

R. Righini, "Ultrafast optical effect in liquids and solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

K. Horli and K. Sakai, "A system of Kerr effect spectroscopy for light absorbing liquids," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3122-3126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, R. P.

J. Reif, R. P. Schmid, and Th. Schneider, "Femtosecond third-harmonic generation: self-phase matching through a transient Kerr grating and the way to ultrafast computing," Appl. Phys. B 74, 745-748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, Th.

J. Reif, R. P. Schmid, and Th. Schneider, "Femtosecond third-harmonic generation: self-phase matching through a transient Kerr grating and the way to ultrafast computing," Appl. Phys. B 74, 745-748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Th. Schneider, and J. Reif, "Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, "Picosecond response of a high-repetition-rate CS2 optical Kerr gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 92-94 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shimizugawa, Y.

Si, J.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suemoto, T.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Takeda, J.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanahashi, I.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuura, S.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tomimoto, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Reif, R. P. Schmid, and Th. Schneider, "Femtosecond third-harmonic generation: self-phase matching through a transient Kerr grating and the way to ultrafast computing," Appl. Phys. B 74, 745-748 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, "Cadmium telluride bulk crystal as an ultrafast nonlinear optical switch," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, "Picosecond response of a high-repetition-rate CS2 optical Kerr gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 92-94 (1975).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, M. Tian, H. Mitsu, I. Iwasa, Y. Sato, and M. Furuki, "Ultrafast all-optical switching at 1.55 μm using an organic multilayer device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 540-542 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, H. Nasu, and K. Hirao, "Third-order nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 925-927 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

J. Guo, J. Si, G. Qian, B. Hua, Z. Wang, J. Qiu, M. Wang, and K. Hirao, "Hybrid silica gel glasses with femtosecond optical Kerr effect based on phthalocyanine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 431, 332-336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, Y. Kondo, and K. Hirao, "Mechanism of a terahertz optical Kerr shutter with a gold nanoparticle system," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810-3812 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect in the gold nanoparticle system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1520-L1522 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun

Q. Yang, T. Chen, J. Si, T. Lin, X. Hou, G. Qian, and J. Guo, "Femtosecond laser-induced birefringence and transient grating in lead(II) phthalocyanine-doped hybrid silica gel glasses," Opt. Commun,  281, 831-835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. Lin, Q. Yang, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, X. Wang, X. Hou, and K. Hirao, "Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 oxide glass," Opt. Commun. 275, 230-233 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I.Z. Kozma and J. Hebling: "Comparative analysis of optical setups for excitation of dynamic gratings by ultrashort light pulses," Opt. Commun. 199, 407-415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

Th. Schneider, and J. Reif, "Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, "Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083-10087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

K. Horli and K. Sakai, "A system of Kerr effect spectroscopy for light absorbing liquids," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3122-3126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science

R. Righini, "Ultrafast optical effect in liquids and solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1996).

Y. R. Shen, The Principle of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer, Berlin, 1986).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Time dependence of the self-diffraction effect and Kerr effect measured in CS2, as shown by the solid and short dashed line respectively. The FWHM of the self-diffraction signal is estimated to be less than 105 fs, depending only on the pulse width.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time-resolved measurements of Kerr signals of CS2 for different pump powers. The polarization angle between the pump and probe beams was kept at 45°. The inset shows the time dependence of Kerr signals for different polarization angles. The pump power was 5 mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Time-resolved Kerr signals of BI glass for different pump powers. The inset shows the time-resolved self-diffraction signals.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Polarization dependence of the self-diffraction signals in BI glass and CS2 induced by 30-fs pulses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Polarization dependence of the optical Kerr signals of BI glass and CS2 induced by 30-fs pulses.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n = n 0 + n 2 I .
I = I 0 sin 2 ( 2 θ ) sin 2 ( Δϕ 2 ) .

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