Abstract

Based on the transformation media theory, the authors propose a way to replace a wide window with a narrow slit filled with designed metamaterial to achieve the same transmittance as the one of the window. Numerical simulations for a two dimensional case are given to illustrate the ideas and the performance of the design.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Electromagnetic wave manipulation using layered systems," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).
  8. L. Lin, W. Wang, J. Cui, C. Du, and X. Luo, "Design of electromagnetic refractor and phase transformer using coordinate transformation theory," Opt. Express 16, 6815-6821 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Greenleaf, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, "Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 183901 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Acoustic cloaking in three dimensions using acoustic metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183518 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Lin, W. Wang, J. Cui, C. Du, and X. Luo, "Design of electromagnetic refractor and phase transformer using coordinate transformation theory," Opt. Express 16, 6815-6821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Greenleaf, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, "Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Acoustic cloaking in three dimensions using acoustic metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Acoustic cloaking in three dimensions using acoustic metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Electromagnetic wave manipulation using layered systems," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Chen, H.

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Acoustic cloaking in three dimensions using acoustic metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Electromagnetic wave manipulation using layered systems," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Chettiar, U. K.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cui, J.

Cummer, S. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greenleaf, A.

A. Greenleaf, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, "Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lassas, M.

A. Greenleaf, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, "Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

Luo, X.

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, D. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Uhlmann, G.

A. Greenleaf, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, "Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Acoustic cloaking in three dimensions using acoustic metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Nonmagnetic cloak with minimized scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. (1)

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, "Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell�??s equations," Photon. Nanostruct.: Fundam. Appl. 6, 87-95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, "Electromagnetic wave manipulation using layered systems," Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, "Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Greenleaf, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, "Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Cloaking of matter waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (6)

» Media 1: MOV (6601 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (6601 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (6601 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (6601 KB)     
» Media 5: MOV (6601 KB)     
» Media 6: MOV (6601 KB)     

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