Abstract

Using femtosecond optical spectroscopy, we study the ultrafast dynamics of the surface plasmon polaritons in gold arrays of subwavelength holes. A large time dependent spectral broadening and shift of the surface plasmon resonances are reported. The experimental results are modeled by the diffraction of a transverse electromagnetic field through the nanostructure, taking into account both the electron dynamics near the interband transitions and the Drude-like conductivity of the metal. Our analysis, using either a theoretical or an experimentally determined dielectric function of gold, suggests that the losses propagation in plasmonic devices is strongly influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic electron scattering mechanisms.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, "Gratingless enhanced microwave transmission through a subwavelength aperture in a thick metal plate," Appl. Phys. Lett 84, 4661-4663 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Cao, and A. Nahata, "Resonantly enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through a periodic array of subwavelength apertures," Opt. Express 12, 1004-1010 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction in metallic optical gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett 75, 606-608 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, "Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Dechant, A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Avrutsky, Y. Zhao, and V. Kochergin, "Surface-plasmon-assisted resonant tunneling of light through a periodically corrugated thin metal film," Opt. Lett. 25, 595-597 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Enhanced millimeter-wave transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Lett. 29, 2500-2502 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, Berlin, 1995).
  18. J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamic in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10203-R10206 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Petek, H. Nagano, and S. Ogawa, "Hot-electron dynamics in copper revisited: The d-band effect," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 369-375 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. N. del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, and F. Vallée, "Ultrafast induced electron-surface scattering in a confined metallic system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 433-437 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, and A. Nakamura, "Dispersion curves of complex third-order optical susceptibilities around the surface plasmon resonance in Ag nanocrystal-glass composites," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1227-1232 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A.  Benabbas, V.  Halté, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Analytical model of the optical response of periodically structured metallic films," Opt. Express  13, 8730-8745 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-22-8730
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. V.  Halté, A.  Benabbas, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Optical response of periodically modulated nanostructures near the interband transition threshold of noble metals," Opt. Express  14, 2909-2920 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2909.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  30. R. H. M. Groenenveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Effect of a nonthermal electron distribution on the electron-phonon energy relaxation process in noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 45, 5079-5082 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  31. W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  34. G. L. Eesley, "Observation of Nonequilibrium Electron Heating in Copper," Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140-2143 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  35. R. W. Schoenlein W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. L. Eesley, "Femtosecond studies of nonequilibrium electronic processes in metals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680-1683 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. H. Ehrenreich and M. H. Cohen, "Self-Consistent Field Approach to the Many-Electron Problem," Phys. Rev. 115, 786-790 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  37. D. Pines and P. Nozières, The Theory of Quantum Liquids (Benjamin, New York, 1966), Vol. 1.
  38. R. Rosei and D. W. Lynch, "Thermomodulation Spectra of Al, Au, and Cu," Phys. Rev. B 5, 3883-3894 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

V.  Halté, A.  Benabbas, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Optical response of periodically modulated nanostructures near the interband transition threshold of noble metals," Opt. Express  14, 2909-2920 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2909.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A.  Benabbas, V.  Halté, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Analytical model of the optical response of periodically structured metallic films," Opt. Express  13, 8730-8745 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-22-8730
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Dechant, A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, and A. Nahata, "Resonantly enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through a periodic array of subwavelength apertures," Opt. Express 12, 1004-1010 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Enhanced millimeter-wave transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Lett. 29, 2500-2502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, and A. Nakamura, "Dispersion curves of complex third-order optical susceptibilities around the surface plasmon resonance in Ag nanocrystal-glass composites," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1227-1232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, "Gratingless enhanced microwave transmission through a subwavelength aperture in a thick metal plate," Appl. Phys. Lett 84, 4661-4663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, "Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

I. Avrutsky, Y. Zhao, and V. Kochergin, "Surface-plasmon-assisted resonant tunneling of light through a periodically corrugated thin metal film," Opt. Lett. 25, 595-597 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (5)

H. Petek, H. Nagano, and S. Ogawa, "Hot-electron dynamics in copper revisited: The d-band effect," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 369-375 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, and F. Vallée, "Ultrafast induced electron-surface scattering in a confined metallic system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 433-437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction in metallic optical gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett 75, 606-608 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamic in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10203-R10206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

R. H. M. Groenenveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Effect of a nonthermal electron distribution on the electron-phonon energy relaxation process in noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 45, 5079-5082 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

R. W. Schoenlein W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. L. Eesley, "Femtosecond studies of nonequilibrium electronic processes in metals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680-1683 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

G. L. Eesley, "Observation of Nonequilibrium Electron Heating in Copper," Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140-2143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

R. Rosei and D. W. Lynch, "Thermomodulation Spectra of Al, Au, and Cu," Phys. Rev. B 5, 3883-3894 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

H. Ehrenreich and M. H. Cohen, "Self-Consistent Field Approach to the Many-Electron Problem," Phys. Rev. 115, 786-790 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Acioli, L. H.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Ahn, Y. H.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamic in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10203-R10206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I.

Barnes, W. L.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Becker, U.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benabbas, A.

V.  Halté, A.  Benabbas, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Optical response of periodically modulated nanostructures near the interband transition threshold of noble metals," Opt. Express  14, 2909-2920 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2909.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.  Benabbas, V.  Halté, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Analytical model of the optical response of periodically structured metallic films," Opt. Express  13, 8730-8745 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-22-8730
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beruete, M.

Bigot, J. -Y.

J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, J.-Y.

V.  Halté, A.  Benabbas, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Optical response of periodically modulated nanostructures near the interband transition threshold of noble metals," Opt. Express  14, 2909-2920 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2909.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.  Benabbas, V.  Halté, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Analytical model of the optical response of periodically structured metallic films," Opt. Express  13, 8730-8745 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-22-8730
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bokor, J.

W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bost, P.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bravo-Abad, J.

Broyer, M.

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, I.

Cao, H.

Cao, Q.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, "Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, M. H.

H. Ehrenreich and M. H. Cohen, "Self-Consistent Field Approach to the Many-Electron Problem," Phys. Rev. 115, 786-790 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Cottancin, E.

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Crégut, O.

J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damanyan, S. A.

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Daunois, A.

J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dechant, A.

A. Dechant, A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

del Fatti, N.

N. del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, and F. Vallée, "Ultrafast induced electron-surface scattering in a confined metallic system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 433-437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dobryakov, A. L.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dolado, J. S.

Ebbesen, T. W.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eesley, G. L.

G. L. Eesley, "Observation of Nonequilibrium Electron Heating in Copper," Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140-2143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, H.

H. Ehrenreich and M. H. Cohen, "Self-Consistent Field Approach to the Many-Electron Problem," Phys. Rev. 115, 786-790 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Elezzabi, A. Y.

A. Dechant, A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernsting, N. P.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fann, W. S.

W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldmann, J.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

N. del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, and F. Vallée, "Ultrafast induced electron-surface scattering in a confined metallic system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 433-437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Enhanced millimeter-wave transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Lett. 29, 2500-2502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gomez Rivas, J.

J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Groenenveld, R. H. M.

R. H. M. Groenenveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Effect of a nonthermal electron distribution on the electron-phonon energy relaxation process in noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 45, 5079-5082 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamic in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10203-R10206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Halté, V.

V.  Halté, A.  Benabbas, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Optical response of periodically modulated nanostructures near the interband transition threshold of noble metals," Opt. Express  14, 2909-2920 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2909.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.  Benabbas, V.  Halté, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Analytical model of the optical response of periodically structured metallic films," Opt. Express  13, 8730-8745 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-22-8730
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hamanaka, Y.

Hanarp, P.

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haring Bolivar, P.

J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, N.

Hibbins, A. P.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, "Gratingless enhanced microwave transmission through a subwavelength aperture in a thick metal plate," Appl. Phys. Lett 84, 4661-4663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hohng, S. C.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y. S.

A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Käll, M.

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. S.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H. K.

A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein Koerkamp, K. J.

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kochergin, V.

Kovalenko, S. A.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, A.

A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, H.

J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

R. H. M. Groenenveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Effect of a nonthermal electron distribution on the electron-phonon energy relaxation process in noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 45, 5079-5082 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, "Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lawrence, C. R.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, "Gratingless enhanced microwave transmission through a subwavelength aperture in a thick metal plate," Appl. Phys. Lett 84, 4661-4663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lermé, J.

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lienau, C.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lynch, D. W.

R. Rosei and D. W. Lynch, "Thermomodulation Spectra of Al, Au, and Cu," Phys. Rev. B 5, 3883-3894 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Malyarchuk, V.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, I. Campillo, J. S. Dolado, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Bravo-Abad, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, "Enhanced millimeter-wave transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Lett. 29, 2500-2502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menning, M.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Merle, J. -C.

J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Merle, J.-C.

J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagano, H.

H. Petek, H. Nagano, and S. Ogawa, "Hot-electron dynamics in copper revisited: The d-band effect," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 369-375 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

Nakamura, A.

Nevière, M.

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, S.

H. Petek, H. Nagano, and S. Ogawa, "Hot-electron dynamics in copper revisited: The d-band effect," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 369-375 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Olofsson, L.

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palpant, B.

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. W.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, Q. H.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pellarin, M.

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perez, A.

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pérez, A.

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perner, P.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petek, H.

A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Petek, H. Nagano, and S. Ogawa, "Hot-electron dynamics in copper revisited: The d-band effect," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 369-375 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Prével, B.

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prikulis, J.

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rosei, R.

R. Rosei and D. W. Lynch, "Thermomodulation Spectra of Al, Au, and Cu," Phys. Rev. B 5, 3883-3894 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ruthmann, J.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, "Gratingless enhanced microwave transmission through a subwavelength aperture in a thick metal plate," Appl. Phys. Lett 84, 4661-4663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, M.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schotsch, C.

J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Segerink, F. B.

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorolla, M.

Sprik, R.

R. H. M. Groenenveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Effect of a nonthermal electron distribution on the electron-phonon energy relaxation process in noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 45, 5079-5082 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Storz, R.

W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C. K.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, D.

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tom, H. W. K.

W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Treacy, M. M. J.

M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction in metallic optical gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett 75, 606-608 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Treilleux, M.

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, F.

N. del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, and F. Vallée, "Ultrafast induced electron-surface scattering in a confined metallic system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 433-437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vialle, J.L.

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

von Plessen, G.

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Westcott, S. L.

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamic in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10203-R10206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yee, K. J.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, Y. C.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics (2)

H. Petek, H. Nagano, and S. Ogawa, "Hot-electron dynamics in copper revisited: The d-band effect," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 369-375 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. del Fatti, C. Flytzanis, and F. Vallée, "Ultrafast induced electron-surface scattering in a confined metallic system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 68, 433-437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett (2)

M. M. J. Treacy, "Dynamical diffraction in metallic optical gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett 75, 606-608 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, "Gratingless enhanced microwave transmission through a subwavelength aperture in a thick metal plate," Appl. Phys. Lett 84, 4661-4663 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Dechant, A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Halté, J.-Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, A. Pérez, "Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

J. -Y. Bigot, V. Halté, J. -C. Merle and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys.  251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D. (1)

J. Lermé, B. Palpant, B. Prével, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, J.L. Vialle, A. Perez, and M. Broyer, Eur. Phys. J. D. 4, 95-108 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

A. Kubo, Y. S. Jung, H. K. Kim, H. Petek, "Femtosecond microscopy of localized and propagating surface plasmons in silver gratings," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, S259-S272 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nanolett. (1)

J. Prikulis, P. Hanarp, L. Olofsson, D. Sutherland, and M. Käll, "Optical spectroscopy of nanometric holes in thin gold films," Nanolett. 4, 1003-1007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature (London) 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

A.  Benabbas, V.  Halté, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Analytical model of the optical response of periodically structured metallic films," Opt. Express  13, 8730-8745 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-22-8730
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V.  Halté, A.  Benabbas, and J.-Y.  Bigot, "Optical response of periodically modulated nanostructures near the interband transition threshold of noble metals," Opt. Express  14, 2909-2920 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2909.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. Ehrenreich and M. H. Cohen, "Self-Consistent Field Approach to the Many-Electron Problem," Phys. Rev. 115, 786-790 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, "Femtosecond spectroscopy of condensed phases with chirped supercontinuum probing," Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369-2384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (7)

R. H. M. Groenenveld, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, "Effect of a nonthermal electron distribution on the electron-phonon energy relaxation process in noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 45, 5079-5082 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Damanyan and A. V. Zayats, "Light tunneling via resonant surface plasmon polariton states and the enhanced transmission of periodically nanostructured metal films: an analytical study," Phys. Rev. B 67, 035424 (2003);S. A. Damanyan, M. Nevière, and A. V. Zayats, "Analytical theory of optical transmission through periodically structured metal films via tunnel-coupled surface polariton modes," Phys. Rev. B 70, 075103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, "Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779-6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Ultrafast electron dynamic in gold nanoshells," Phys. Rev. B 58, R10203-R10206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Sun, F. Vallée, L. H. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Femtosecond-tunable measurement of electron thermalization in gold, " Phys. Rev. B 50, 15337-15348 (1994)
[CrossRef]

J. Gomez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, "Enhanced transmission of THz radiation through subwavelength holes," Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Rosei and D. W. Lynch, "Thermomodulation Spectra of Al, Au, and Cu," Phys. Rev. B 5, 3883-3894 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

G. L. Eesley, "Observation of Nonequilibrium Electron Heating in Copper," Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140-2143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Schoenlein W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. L. Eesley, "Femtosecond studies of nonequilibrium electronic processes in metals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680-1683 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Subwavelength Hole Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Fann, R. Storz, H. W. K. Tom, and J. Bokor, "Direct measurement of nonequilibrium electron-energy distributions in subpicosecond laser-heated gold films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2834-2837 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Bigot, J.-C. Merle, O. Crégut, and A. Daunois, "Electron Dynamics in Copper Metallic Nanoparticles Probed with Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4705 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Perner, P. Bost, U. Lemmer, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, U. Becker, M. Menning, M. Schmitt, and H. Schmidt, "Optically induced damping of the surface plasmon resonance in gold colloids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2192-2195 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Klein Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, "Strong Influence of Hole Shape on Extraordinary Transmission through Periodic Arrays of Subwavelength Holes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, "Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, "Microscopic Origin of Surface-Plasmon Radiation in Plasmonic Band-Gap Nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, Berlin, 1995).

D. Pines and P. Nozières, The Theory of Quantum Liquids (Benjamin, New York, 1966), Vol. 1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a)Differential transmission of a gold nanostructures with the period a=350 nm. The density of excitation is 0.5 mJ.cm-2. Inset: Linear transmission of the corresponding nanostructure. (b)Spectrally resolved differential transmission for a pump-probe delay τ=0.9 ps.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Differential spectra of the real part (open symbols) and imaginary part (closed symbols) of the two dielectric functions εRPA (red color) and εexp (blue color). The experimental delay is fixed at τ=1.4 ps which corresponds to an electronic temperature of 695 K.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Differential transmission spectrally resolved for a fixed delay τ=1.4 ps. The open circles represent the experimental measurement on the gold nanostructure. Theoretical dynamical spectrum calculated with the Lindhard dielectric function εRPA (dashed dotted line) and the experimental dielectric function εexp (full line).

Metrics