Abstract

We show theoretically that the propagation of light can be slowed down considerably using the method of coherent hole-burning in a Doppler broadened three-level Λ-type atomic medium without the Doppler-free configurations. The reduction of group velocity of light pulse is achieved by the application of a saturating beam and a strong coupling beam which produce a narrow spectral hole-burning at resonance. We can obtain a larger group index than that using the method of saturation absorption spectroscopy in Doppler-broadened two-level atomic systems.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a roomtemperature solid," Science,  301, 200-202 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Ultraslow light in inhomogeneously broadened media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. M. Camacho, M. V. Park, and J. C. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033801 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Dong and J. Y. Gao, "Appearance and disappearance of hole-burning behind an electromagnetically induced transparency window," Phys. Lett. A 265, 52-57 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).
  14. X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. R. Mollow, "Stimulated emission and absorption near resonance for driven systems," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217- 2222 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Kasapi, "Dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 46, 29 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. SargentIII, " Spectroscopy techniques based on Lamb??s laser theory," Phys. Rep. 43, 223-265 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Haroche and F. Hartman, "Theory of saturated-absorption line shapes," Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280-1299 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. MoCumber, "Propagation of a gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium," Phys. Rev. A 1, 305-313 (1970).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Ultraslow light in inhomogeneously broadened media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Park, and J. C. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

2003 (3)

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a roomtemperature solid," Science,  301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

P. Dong and J. Y. Gao, "Appearance and disappearance of hole-burning behind an electromagnetically induced transparency window," Phys. Lett. A 265, 52-57 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Kasapi, "Dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 46, 29 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

M. SargentIII, " Spectroscopy techniques based on Lamb??s laser theory," Phys. Rep. 43, 223-265 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

S. Haroche and F. Hartman, "Theory of saturated-absorption line shapes," Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280-1299 (1972).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Mollow, "Stimulated emission and absorption near resonance for driven systems," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217- 2222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. MoCumber, "Propagation of a gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium," Phys. Rev. A 1, 305-313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Ultraslow light in inhomogeneously broadened media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baldit, E.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bencheikh, K.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigelow, M. S.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a roomtemperature solid," Science,  301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a roomtemperature solid," Science,  301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Burns, M. M.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Camacho, R. M.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Park, and J. C. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

Dey, T. N.

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Ultraslow light in inhomogeneously broadened media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

P. Dong and J. Y. Gao, "Appearance and disappearance of hole-burning behind an electromagnetically induced transparency window," Phys. Lett. A 265, 52-57 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Field, J. E.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Kasapi, "Dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 46, 29 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J. Y.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

P. Dong and J. Y. Gao, "Appearance and disappearance of hole-burning behind an electromagnetically induced transparency window," Phys. Lett. A 265, 52-57 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, C. G. B.

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. MoCumber, "Propagation of a gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium," Phys. Rev. A 1, 305-313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

S. Haroche and F. Hartman, "Theory of saturated-absorption line shapes," Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280-1299 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Kasapi, "Dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 46, 29 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D. J.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hartman, F.

S. Haroche and F. Hartman, "Theory of saturated-absorption line shapes," Phys. Rev. A 6, 1280-1299 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hinshelwood, D. D.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Howell, J. C.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Park, and J. C. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hussein, Z.

O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, M.

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Z. H.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kasapi, A.

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Kasapi, "Dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 46, 29 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a roomtemperature solid," Science,  301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, A.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mollow, B. R.

B. R. Mollow, "Stimulated emission and absorption near resonance for driven systems," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217- 2222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Monnier, P.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narum, P.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Pappas, P. G.

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. V.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Park, and J. C. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rouget, V.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sargent, M.

M. SargentIII, " Spectroscopy techniques based on Lamb??s laser theory," Phys. Rep. 43, 223-265 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. F.

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

Wang, H. H.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. G.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

Welch, G. R.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. H.

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

Wynands, R.

O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

J. H. Wu, X. G. Wei, D. F. Wang, Y. Chen, and J. Y. Gao, "Coherent hole-burning phenomenon in a Doppler braodened three-level ??-type atomic system," J. Opt. B 6, 54-58 (2004).

Nature (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meter per second in a ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

P. Dong and J. Y. Gao, "Appearance and disappearance of hole-burning behind an electromagnetically induced transparency window," Phys. Lett. A 265, 52-57 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (10)

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[CrossRef]

B. R. Mollow, "Stimulated emission and absorption near resonance for driven systems," Phys. Rev. A 5, 2217- 2222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Kasapi, "Dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 46, 29 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Pappas, M. M. Burns, D. D. Hinshelwood, and M. S. Feld "Saturation spectroscopy with laser optical pumping in atomic barium," Phys. Rev. A 21, 1955-1968 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Ultraslow light in inhomogeneously broadened media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, "Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Park, and J. C. Howell, "Slow light with large fractional delays by spectral hole-burning in rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A 74, 033801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, R. Wynands, Z. Hussein, and D. Meschede, "Steep dispersion and group velocity bellow c/3000 in coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. A 53, R27-R30 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum and D. J. Harter, "Four-wave parametric interactions in a strongly driven two-level system," Phys. Rev. A 24, 411-423 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. MoCumber, "Propagation of a gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium," Phys. Rev. A 1, 305-313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

X. G. Wei, J. H. Wu, H. H. Wang, A. Li, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. Y. Gao, "First-principle experimental observation of coherent hole burning in atomic rubidium vapor," Phys. Rev. A. 74, 063820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, "Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a roomtemperature solid," Science,  301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the three-level Λ-type atomic system driven by the strong coupling wave Ec , the saturating wave Es and probed by a weak wave Ep . (b) A block diagram of case (i). (c) A block diagram of case (ii).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(Color online) (a) and (b) The imaginary and real parts of susceptibility χ(ωp ). The inset shows a magnified part of the same. Other common parameters of above curses are Δ c s =0, ν p = 250 ms-1, ω 32 = 0.9ω 31, atomic density N 0 = 2×1011 cm-3, and γ/2π =1.5 MHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Group index ng at resonance versus the Rabi frequency of the saturating wave, (a) for case (i) and (b) for case (ii). Other parameters are the same as Fig.2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The solid curve presents the Gaussian pulse propagating at speed c through 1 cm of vacuum. The dash-dot curse shows the same pulse in case (i) of CHB through a atomic medium of length 1cm having the energy levels as ω32 = 0.9ω31. The dash curse shows the pulse in case (ii) of CHB through a atomic medium of length 1cm having the energy levels as ω32 = 0.01ω31. Δ s = Δ c = 0 and other parameters are the same as Fig.2. The inset shows a magnified part of the same.

Equations (16)

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ρ ˙ 11 = i h ¯ ( V 13 ρ 31 V 31 ρ 13 ) + 1 T 1 ρ 33
ρ ˙ 22 = i h ¯ ( V 23 ρ 32 V 32 ρ 23 )
ρ ˙ 31 = ( 31 + 1 T 2 ) ρ 31 + i h ¯ V 31 ( ρ 33 ρ 11 )
ρ ˙ 32 = 32 ρ 32 i h ¯ V 31 ρ 12 + i h ¯ V 32 ( ρ 33 ρ 22 )
ρ ˙ 21 = 21 ρ 21 i h ¯ V 23 ρ 31 + i h ¯ V 31 ρ 23
1 = ρ 11 + ρ 22 + ρ 33
ρ 31 e i ω s t = σ 31 + σ 31 + e iδt + σ 31 e iδt
ρ 21 e i ( ω s ω c ) t = σ 21 + σ 21 + e iδt + σ 21 e iδt
ρ 32 e i ω c t = σ 32 + σ 32 + e iδt + σ 32 e iδt
ρ ii = σ ii + σ ii + e iδt + σ ii e iδt i = 1,2,3
σ 31 + = g ( 1 + GF * ) ( Δ p Δ c ) T 1 [ 2 ( F + F * ) 1 T 1 ] [ ( Δ p Δ c ) ( Δ p + i T 2 + iG Ω s 2 ) Ω c 2 ]
F = i Ω s 2 ( Δ s Δ c ) ( Δ s + i T 2 ) ( Δ c Δ s ) + Ω c 2
G = 2 ( Δ s Δ c δ ) ( δ Δ s + i T 2 ) + 2 Ω c 2 ( Δ s Δ c δ ) [ 2 i Ω s 2 + ( 1 T 1 i δ ) ( δ Δ s + i T 2 ) ] + Ω c 2 ( 1 T 1 i δ )
χ = 3 πN T 1 + σ 31 + g f ( ν ) dv
ν g = c 1 + 1 2 Re ( χ ) + ω p 2 Re ( χ ) ω p
E z t = + d ω p ε ( 0 ω p ) exp [ i ω p ( t zn ( ω p ) c ) ]

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