Abstract

We demonstrated, for the first time, a field trial of 160 (16λ × 10) Gbit/s, fine granularity, DWDM-based optical packet switching and transmission by newly- eveloped burst-mode EDFAs and an optical packet switch prototype with multiple all-optical label processors. We achieved 64 km field transmission and switching of 160 (16λ × 10) Gbit/s DWDM-based optical packets encapsulating almost 10 Gbit/s IP packets with error-free operation (IP-packet-loss-rate <10-6and bit-error-rate <10-9).

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Cisco systems Inc, "Cisco carrier routing system," http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/routers/ps5763/prod_brochure0900aecd800f8118.pdf.
  2. D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).
  4. S. B. Yoo, "Optical-packet switching and optical-label switching technologies for the next generation optical Internet," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf.2, no. FS5, pp. 797-798 (2003).
  5. D. Klonidis, R. Nejabati, C. Politi, M. O??Mahony, and D. Simeonidou, "Demonstration of a fully functional and controlled asynchronous optical packet switch at 40Gb/s," in Proc. 30th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication no. PDP-Th4.5.5 (2004).
  6. J. McGeehan, S. Kumar, and A. Willner, "Optical time-to-live decrementing and subsequent dropping of an optical packet," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf.2, no. FS6, pp. 798-801 (2003).
  7. J. Herrera, O. Raz, E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. C. H. Mulvad, F. Ramos, J. Marti, G. Maxwell, A. Poustie, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, "160-Gb/s All-Optical Packet Switching Over a 110-km Field Installed Optical Fiber Link," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 176-182 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Wada and H. Harai, "Photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switch using multi-section fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 4872, 185-198 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Wada, H. Harai, and F. Kubota, "40 Gbit/s interface, optical code based photonic packet switch prototype," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf.2, no. FS7, pp. 801-802 (2003).
  11. H. Harai, and M. Murata, "High-Speed Buffer Management for 40Gb/s-based Photonic Packet Switches," IEEE/ACM Trans.Networking 14, 191-203 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Furukawa, H. Harai, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, N. Takezawa, and K. Nashimoto, "A 31-FDL Buffer Based on Trees of 1x8 PLZT Optical Switches," in Proc. in Proc. 32nd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication no. Tu4.6.5 (2006).
  13. N. Wada, H. Furukawa, K. Fujinuma, T. Wada, and T. Miyazaki, "160Gbit/s/port optical packet switch prototype with variable-length packet BER and loss real-time measurement," in Proc. 31st European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication3, no. We1.4.1 (2005).
  14. H. Harai and N. Wada, "More than 10 Gbps photonic packet-switched networks using WDM-based packet compression," in Proc. 8th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2003), pp. 703-704.
  15. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, M. Naruse, H. Otsuki, M. Katsumoto, T. Miyazaki, K. Ikezawa, A. Toyama, N. Itou, H. Shimizu, H. Fujinuma, and H. Iiduka, "Novel Layer-3 IP Packet Switching between 10 Gbps Ethernet and 80 Gbps Optical Packet-Switched Networks," in Proc. 2007 Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (2007), pp. 1-6.
  16. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, M. Naruse, H. Otsuki, M. Katsumoto, T. Miyazaki, K. Ikezawa, A. Toyama, N. Itou, H. Shimizu, H. Fujinuma, H. Iiduka, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, "All-optical multiple-label-processing based optical packet switch prototype and novel 10Gb Ethernet / 80 (8? ?x 10) Gbps-wide colored optical packet converter with 8-channel array burst-mode packet transceiver," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (2007), no. OWC5.
  17. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, Yoshinari Awaji, M.  Naruse, H. Otsuki, T. Miyazaki, K. Ikezawa, A. Toyama, N. Itou, H. Shimizu, H. Fujinuma, H. Iiduka, E. Kong, P. Chan, R. Man, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, "Field trial of IP over 160 Gbit/s colored-optical-packet switching network with transient-response-suppressed EDFA and 320 Gbit/s through put optical packet switch demonstrator," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (2007), no. PDP4.
  18. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a Full Encoder/Decoder in the AWG Configuration for Code-Based Photonic Routers??Part I: Modeling and Design," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, "Adaptive Regeneration of Optical Packet Suffering from Gain Transient of EDFA by Using NOLM Discriminator," in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2008), no. JWA73.
  20. Y. Oikawa, Y. Horiuchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Shiga, N. Shiga, and H. Nagaeda, "Super-Fast AGC-EDFA for the Burst-Mode Systems without Gain Excursion in 20-ns and 21-dB Ramped Input," in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2008), no. JThA15.
  21. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, P. Chan, and R. Man, "Mitigation of Transient Response of Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier for Traffic of High Speed Optical Packets," in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2007), no. JTuA133.
  22. Advanced Testbed Network for R&D, "JGN2," http://www.jgn.nict.go.jp/.
  23. N. Wada, K. Fujinuma, T. Wada, H. Iiduka, and T. Kubota, "Pure Packet BER and Loss Real-time Measurement with Optical Label Switching and Preamble Free Optical Packet 3R," in Proc. 30th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2004), no. PDP-Th4.5.4.

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

2002 (1)

N. Wada and H. Harai, "Photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switch using multi-section fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 4872, 185-198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

1999 (2)

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carea, A.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cincotti, G.

Curri, V.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Habara, K.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

Harai, H.

H. Harai, and M. Murata, "High-Speed Buffer Management for 40Gb/s-based Photonic Packet Switches," IEEE/ACM Trans.Networking 14, 191-203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada and H. Harai, "Photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switch using multi-section fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 4872, 185-198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Herrera, J.

Hill, M. T.

Hino, S.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

Humphries, S.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Kitayama, K.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Liu, Y.

Marti, J.

Maxwell, G.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

Murata, M.

H. Harai, and M. Murata, "High-Speed Buffer Management for 40Gb/s-based Photonic Packet Switches," IEEE/ACM Trans.Networking 14, 191-203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, H.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

Ogawa, I.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

Poustie, A.

Ramos, F.

Rau, L.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Raz, O.

Sanjo, H.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

Suzuki, Y.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

Tangdiongga, E.

Wada, N.

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a Full Encoder/Decoder in the AWG Configuration for Code-Based Photonic Routers??Part I: Modeling and Design," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada and H. Harai, "Photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switch using multi-section fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 4872, 185-198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, Y.

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

E (1)

K. Habara, H. Sanjo, H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, S. Hino, I. Ogawa, and Y. Suzuki, "Large-capacity photonic packet switch prototype using wavelength routing techniques," IEICE Trans. on Commun.E 83-B, 2304-2311 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carea, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1497-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Networking (1)

H. Harai, and M. Murata, "High-Speed Buffer Management for 40Gb/s-based Photonic Packet Switches," IEEE/ACM Trans.Networking 14, 191-203 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. Wada and H. Harai, "Photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switch using multi-section fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 4872, 185-198 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (16)

N. Wada, H. Harai, and F. Kubota, "40 Gbit/s interface, optical code based photonic packet switch prototype," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf.2, no. FS7, pp. 801-802 (2003).

Cisco systems Inc, "Cisco carrier routing system," http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/routers/ps5763/prod_brochure0900aecd800f8118.pdf.

S. B. Yoo, "Optical-packet switching and optical-label switching technologies for the next generation optical Internet," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf.2, no. FS5, pp. 797-798 (2003).

D. Klonidis, R. Nejabati, C. Politi, M. O??Mahony, and D. Simeonidou, "Demonstration of a fully functional and controlled asynchronous optical packet switch at 40Gb/s," in Proc. 30th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication no. PDP-Th4.5.5 (2004).

J. McGeehan, S. Kumar, and A. Willner, "Optical time-to-live decrementing and subsequent dropping of an optical packet," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf.2, no. FS6, pp. 798-801 (2003).

H. Furukawa, H. Harai, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, N. Takezawa, and K. Nashimoto, "A 31-FDL Buffer Based on Trees of 1x8 PLZT Optical Switches," in Proc. in Proc. 32nd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication no. Tu4.6.5 (2006).

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, K. Fujinuma, T. Wada, and T. Miyazaki, "160Gbit/s/port optical packet switch prototype with variable-length packet BER and loss real-time measurement," in Proc. 31st European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication3, no. We1.4.1 (2005).

H. Harai and N. Wada, "More than 10 Gbps photonic packet-switched networks using WDM-based packet compression," in Proc. 8th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2003), pp. 703-704.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, M. Naruse, H. Otsuki, M. Katsumoto, T. Miyazaki, K. Ikezawa, A. Toyama, N. Itou, H. Shimizu, H. Fujinuma, and H. Iiduka, "Novel Layer-3 IP Packet Switching between 10 Gbps Ethernet and 80 Gbps Optical Packet-Switched Networks," in Proc. 2007 Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (2007), pp. 1-6.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, M. Naruse, H. Otsuki, M. Katsumoto, T. Miyazaki, K. Ikezawa, A. Toyama, N. Itou, H. Shimizu, H. Fujinuma, H. Iiduka, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, "All-optical multiple-label-processing based optical packet switch prototype and novel 10Gb Ethernet / 80 (8? ?x 10) Gbps-wide colored optical packet converter with 8-channel array burst-mode packet transceiver," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (2007), no. OWC5.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, Yoshinari Awaji, M.  Naruse, H. Otsuki, T. Miyazaki, K. Ikezawa, A. Toyama, N. Itou, H. Shimizu, H. Fujinuma, H. Iiduka, E. Kong, P. Chan, R. Man, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, "Field trial of IP over 160 Gbit/s colored-optical-packet switching network with transient-response-suppressed EDFA and 320 Gbit/s through put optical packet switch demonstrator," in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (2007), no. PDP4.

Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, "Adaptive Regeneration of Optical Packet Suffering from Gain Transient of EDFA by Using NOLM Discriminator," in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2008), no. JWA73.

Y. Oikawa, Y. Horiuchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Shiga, N. Shiga, and H. Nagaeda, "Super-Fast AGC-EDFA for the Burst-Mode Systems without Gain Excursion in 20-ns and 21-dB Ramped Input," in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2008), no. JThA15.

Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, P. Chan, and R. Man, "Mitigation of Transient Response of Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier for Traffic of High Speed Optical Packets," in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2007), no. JTuA133.

Advanced Testbed Network for R&D, "JGN2," http://www.jgn.nict.go.jp/.

N. Wada, K. Fujinuma, T. Wada, H. Iiduka, and T. Kubota, "Pure Packet BER and Loss Real-time Measurement with Optical Label Switching and Preamble Free Optical Packet 3R," in Proc. 30th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2004), no. PDP-Th4.5.4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) OPS backbone network. (b) Configuration of DWDM-based optical packet.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Architecture of proposed OPS system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Multiple optical en/decoder. (b) Generated 16-chip PSK optical code and (c) output auto-correlation signal.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Developed burst-mode EDFA. (b) Amplified optical packet by commercially available EDFA and (c) our developed EDFA.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Field trial configuration of 160 (16λ × 10) Gbit/s optical packet switching and area where field fiber lines are located. (b) Photograph of experimental setup. (c) One round-trip compensated dispersion of fiber line between Keihannna and Nara in JGN2 testbed networks, dispersion of 32.0 km SMF and 11.5 km DCF.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Setup and results at ingress edge nodes.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Setup and results at OPS prototype and filed-installed fibers.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Setup and results at egress edge nodes

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(a) Packet-loss-rate. (b) Bit-error-rate of transmitted optical packets with label “A” and (c)with label “B”.

Metrics