Abstract

Spectral filtering of a chirped pulse can be a strong pulse-shaping mechanism in all-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers. We report an implementation of such a laser that employs only fiber-format components. The Yb-doped fiber laser includes a fiber filter, and a saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes. The laser generates 1.5-ps, 3-nJ pulses that can be dechirped to 250 fs duration outside the cavity.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, "Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 ?m from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1365-1367 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Lim, F.¨O. Ilday, and F. Wise, "Femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber for dispersion control," Opt. Express 10, 1497-1502 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-25-1497.
    [PubMed]
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  6. A. Chong, J. Buckley,W. Renninger, and F. Wise, "All-normal dispersion femtosecond fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 10095-10100 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-21-10095.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, "All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ," Opt. Lett. 32, 2408-2410 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893-899 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. O. Prochnow, A. Ruehl, M. Schultz, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, "All-fiber similariton laser at 1 ?m without dispersion compensation," Opt. Express 15, 6889-6893 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-11-6889.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. K. Nielsen and S. R. Keiding, "All-fiber mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 1474-1476 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, "Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite," Opt. Lett. 32, 2242-2244 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and S. Faucher, "Compact, low-loss, fused biconical taper couplers: overcoupled operation and antisymmetric supermode cutoff," Opt. Lett. 12, 634-636 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, unpublished data.

2008

W. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, "Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 77, 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

2004

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2002

1993

1988

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and S. Faucher, "Compact, low-loss, fused biconical taper couplers: overcoupled operation and antisymmetric supermode cutoff," Opt. Lett. 12, 634-636 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, "Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 ?m from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1365-1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, "Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 ?m from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1365-1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faucher, S.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and S. Faucher, "Compact, low-loss, fused biconical taper couplers: overcoupled operation and antisymmetric supermode cutoff," Opt. Lett. 12, 634-636 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Herda, R.

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and S. Faucher, "Compact, low-loss, fused biconical taper couplers: overcoupled operation and antisymmetric supermode cutoff," Opt. Lett. 12, 634-636 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilday, F. O.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, "Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 ?m from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1365-1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilday, F.¨O.

Ippen, E. P.

Itoga, E.

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and S. Faucher, "Compact, low-loss, fused biconical taper couplers: overcoupled operation and antisymmetric supermode cutoff," Opt. Lett. 12, 634-636 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kataura, H.

Kazaoui, S.

Keiding, S. R.

Kieu, K.

Kracht, D.

Lim, H.

Mansuripur, M.

Minami, N.

Minoshima, K.

Miyashita, K.

Nelson, L. E.

Nielsen, C. K.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prochnow, O.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

Ruehl, A.

Sakakibara, Y.

Schibli, T.

Schultz, M.

Tamura, K.

Tokumoto, M.

Wandt, D.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

W. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, "Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 77, 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, "All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ," Opt. Lett. 32, 2408-2410 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, "Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 ?m from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1365-1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, "Low-loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, "Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

W. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, "Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 77, 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005, Baltimore, MD, paper CThG1.

K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, unpublished data.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral response of the fused fiber coupler filter. Inset: diagram of the 2×2 fused coupler filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmittance of the inline fiber SA versus launched average power of a train of femtosecond pulses. Inset: diagram of the SA. The grey area represents the SWCNT/polymer composite.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. SA: carbon nanotube saturable absorber. PC: polarization controller.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Spectra of the pulse from the 50/50 output coupler (output 1) and from the filter (output 2). (b) Spectra in linear scale. (c) Background-free autocorrelation trace of chirped pulses from output 1. (d) Interferometric autocorrelation trace of the dechirped pulses.

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