Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are an attractive material for photonic applications due to their nonlinear optical properties, such as the nonlinear saturable absorption and high third order nonlinearity. However their utilization has been hindered by the lack of flexibility on the device design which rises from the current methods of Carbon nanotube deposition within the optical system. A suitable approach to solve this problem is to embed the CNTs in an optical material from which complex devices such as optical waveguides or optical fibers can be fabricated. Here, we propose a novel method to fabricate Carbon nanotube-doped poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) composites in which the Carbon nanotubes are dispersed in the methyl-methacrylate (MMA) monomer solution prior to and during the polarization process. This method allows the bundle separation and dispersion of the CNT in a liquid state without the need for solvents, hence simplifying the method and facilitating the fabrication of volume CNT-PMMA. Volume fabrication makes this technique suitable for the fabrication of CNT-doped polymer fibers. In this paper, we also analyzed the merits of adding dopants such as diphenyl sulfide (DPS) and benzyl benzoate (BEN) to the CNT-PMMA composite and we observed that DPS plays the role of CNT dispersion stabilizer that can improve the device performance. The CNT-PMMA composite was employed to implement passive mode-locked laser.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode-locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. U. Keller, D. Miller, G. Boyd, T. Chiu, J. Ferguson, and M. Asorn, "Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: An antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 17, 505-507 (1992)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski and S.Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. P. Ippen, "Principles of Passive Mode-Locking," Appl. Phys. B 58, 159-170 (1994).
  16. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

2007 (1)

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rep. 409, 47-99 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, "High-Bandwidth, High-Numerical Aperture Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1686-1691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. P. Ippen, "Principles of Passive Mode-Locking," Appl. Phys. B 58, 159-170 (1994).

1992 (2)

U. Keller, D. Miller, G. Boyd, T. Chiu, J. Ferguson, and M. Asorn, "Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: An antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 17, 505-507 (1992)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Asorn, M.

Boyd, G.

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T.

Dianov, E. M.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, G.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rep. 409, 47-99 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rep. 409, 47-99 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, J.

Hirooka, T.

Horibe, A.

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, "High-Bandwidth, High-Numerical Aperture Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1686-1691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hussanien, A.

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, "Principles of Passive Mode-Locking," Appl. Phys. B 58, 159-170 (1994).

Ishigure, T.

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, "High-Bandwidth, High-Numerical Aperture Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1686-1691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Itoga, E.

Jablonski, M.

Jacquemin, R.

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jorio, A.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rep. 409, 47-99 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode-locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006)
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Kazaoui, S.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Koike, Y.

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, "High-Bandwidth, High-Numerical Aperture Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1686-1691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, K.

Konov, V. I.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumazawa, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Lobach, A. S.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Maniwa, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D.

Minami, N.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

Miyashita, K.

Murakami, Y.

Nakahara, S.

Nakazawa, M.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode-locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, E.

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, "High-Bandwidth, High-Numerical Aperture Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1686-1691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuka, Y.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode-locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Saito, R.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rep. 409, 47-99 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode-locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006)
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schadler, L. S.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Set, S. Y.

Set, S.Y.

Suzuki, S.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Tausenev, A. E.

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode-locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006)
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umezu, I.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yoshida, M.

Yu, D.

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Zhao, L. M.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Zhao, Y.-P.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. P. Ippen, "Principles of Passive Mode-Locking," Appl. Phys. B 58, 159-170 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode-locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, G.-C. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 mu m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. J. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, "High-Bandwidth, High-Numerical Aperture Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1686-1691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka and M. Jablonski, "Laser mode-locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).

Physics Reports (1)

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes," Phys. Rep. 409, 47-99 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. E. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, "Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped fibre lasers with saturable polymer film absorbers containing single-wall Carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method," Quantum Electron. 37, 205-208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met. (2)

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, and Y. Achiba "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes," Synth. Met. 103, 2555-2558 (1999)
[CrossRef]

R. Jacquemin, S. Kazaoui, D. Yu, A. Hussanien, N. Minami, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Doping mechanism in single-wall carbon nanotubes studied by optical absorption," Synth. Met. 115, 283-287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. Oomuro, R. Kaji, T. Itatani, H. Ishii, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, M. Yamashita, M. Mori, and Y. Sakakibara, " Carbon Nanotube-Polyimide Saturable Absorbing Waveguide Made by Simple Photolithography," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThV1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Cut and polished disk samples of (a) undoped CNT-PMMA, (b) DPS-doped CNT-PMMA and (c) BEN-doped CNT-PMMA. Black-colored spots in (a) indicate areas with CNT agglomeration, such areas are not visible in (b) and (c) indicating that the addition of dopants DPS and BEN facilitates CNT dispersion.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Raman Spectra of the three samples; undoped CNT-PMMA, DPS-doped CNT-PMMA and BEN-doped CNT-PMMA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Raman Spectra of the three samples, CNT-PMMA composite, DPS-doped CNT-PMMA and BEN-doped CNT-PMMA with the addition of dopant BEN. (Inset) Absorption spectra of a Silica plate sprayed with HiPCO CNTs. (Note: The discontinuity observed at approximately 800nm is caused by a change of grating in the spectrometer).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Experimental set up. A CNT-doped polymer slab with 1mm thickness is inserted into a ring cavity fiber laser. (b) Optical spectrum of the laser output the soliton-like spectra centered at 1562 nm with a FWHM of 1.4 nm. (c) Autocorrelator trace and secant hyperbolic (sech2) approximation indicating a pulse duration of 1.9ps. (d) Photo-detector measurement show a pulse train with 190 ns pulse interval corresponding to a repetition rate of 5.3 MHz.

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