Abstract

Temporally shaped, femtosecond laser pulses have been used for controlling the size and the morphology of micron-sized metallic structures obtained by using the Laser Induced Forward Transfer (LIFT) technique.We report the effect of pulse shaping on the size and morphology of the deposited structures of Au, Zn, Cr on a function of the pulse separation time Δt (from 0 to 10 ps) of double pulses of variable intensities generated by using a liquid crystal spatial light modulator (SLM). The observed differences in size and morphology are correlated with the outcome of pump-probe experiments for the study of electron-phonon scattering dynamics and subsequent energy transfer processes to the bulk in the different metals employed. We propose that in metals with weak electron-lattice coupling, the electron ballistic motion and the resulting fast electron scattering at the film surface, as well as the internal electron thermalization process are crucial to the morphology and size of the transferred material. Therefore, temporal shaping within the corresponding time scales of these processes may be used for tailoring the features of the metallic structures obtained by LIFT.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  35. Z. Lin, L. V. Zhigilei, and V. Celli, "Electron-phonon coupling and electron heat capacity of metals under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075133-17 (2008), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  36. R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  37. J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Z. Lin, L. V. Zhigilei, and V. Celli, "Electron-phonon coupling and electron heat capacity of metals under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075133-17 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, I. Zergioti, and R. W. Eason, "Ballistic Laser-Assisted Solid Transfer (BLAST) from a Thin Film Precursor," Opt. Express 16, 3249-3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, "Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235414-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li Yang, Ching-yue Wang, Xiao-chang Ni, Zhi-junWang, Wei Jia, and Lu Chai, "Microdroplet deposition of copper film by femptosecond laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 161110-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Dachraoui and W. Husinsky, "Fast electronic and thermal processes in femtosecond laser ablation of Au," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 104102-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

T. Tanabe, F. Kannari, F. Korte, J. Koch, and B. Chichkov, "Influence of spatiotemporal coupling induced by an ultrashort laser pulse shaper on a focused beam profile," Appl. Opt. 44, 1092-1098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Papastathopoulos, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Optimal control of femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of atomic calcium," Chem. Phys. Lett. 408, 65-70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

2003 (3)

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

H. Hirori, T. Tachizaki, O. Matsuda, and O. B. Wright, "Electron dynamics in chromium probed with 20-fs optical pulses," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113102-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, I. Zergioti, and C. Fotakis, "Shadowgraphic imaging of the sub-ps laser-induced forward transfer process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1594-1596 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

D. Toet, P. M. Smith, T. W. Sigmon, and M. O. Thompson, "Experimental and numerical investigations of a hydrogen-assisted laser-induced materials transfer procedure," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3537-3546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Scien. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Schmidt, W. Husinsky, and G. Betz, "Dynamics of Laser Desorption and Ablation of Metals at the Threshold on the Femtosecond Time Scale," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3516-3519 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, and C. Flytzanis, "Nonequilibrium Electron Interactions in Metal Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922-925 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, and G. A. Mourou, "Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212-1215 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

J. Bohandy, B. F. Kim, and F. J. Adrian, "Metal deposition from a supported metal film using an excimer laser," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 1538-1539 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

M. I. Kaganov, I. M. Lifshitz, and L. V. Tanatarov, "The electron-lattice relaxation," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 232 (1956) [Sov. Phys. JETP 4, 173 (1957)].

Adrian, F. J.

J. Bohandy, B. F. Kim, and F. J. Adrian, "Metal deposition from a supported metal film using an excimer laser," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 1538-1539 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Audouard, E.

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banks, D. P.

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, I. Zergioti, and R. W. Eason, "Ballistic Laser-Assisted Solid Transfer (BLAST) from a Thin Film Precursor," Opt. Express 16, 3249-3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Betz, G.

V. Schmidt, W. Husinsky, and G. Betz, "Dynamics of Laser Desorption and Ablation of Metals at the Threshold on the Femtosecond Time Scale," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3516-3519 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bohandy, J.

J. Bohandy, B. F. Kim, and F. J. Adrian, "Metal deposition from a supported metal film using an excimer laser," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 1538-1539 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bor, Z.

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bouffanais, R.

N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, and C. Flytzanis, "Nonequilibrium Electron Interactions in Metal Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922-925 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bovensiepen, U.

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

Boyle, M.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broyer, M.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, E. E. B.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Catherine, J.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Celli, V.

Z. Lin, L. V. Zhigilei, and V. Celli, "Electron-phonon coupling and electron heat capacity of metals under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075133-17 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B.

Christofilos, D.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colombier, J. P.

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Combis, P.

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conrad, U.

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cottancin, E.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dachraoui, H.

H. Dachraoui and W. Husinsky, "Fast electronic and thermal processes in femtosecond laser ablation of Au," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 104102-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Del Fatti, N.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, and C. Flytzanis, "Nonequilibrium Electron Interactions in Metal Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922-925 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Demsar, J.

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dinca, V.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dinescu, M.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, I. Zergioti, and R. W. Eason, "Ballistic Laser-Assisted Solid Transfer (BLAST) from a Thin Film Precursor," Opt. Express 16, 3249-3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Elsayed-Ali, H. E.

H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, and G. A. Mourou, "Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212-1215 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farsari, M.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, and C. Flytzanis, "Nonequilibrium Electron Interactions in Metal Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922-925 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fogarassy, E.

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fotakis, C.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, I. Zergioti, and C. Fotakis, "Shadowgraphic imaging of the sub-ps laser-induced forward transfer process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1594-1596 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, C.

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gahl, C.

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

Gamaly, E.

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaudry, M.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

E. Papastathopoulos, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Optimal control of femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of atomic calcium," Chem. Phys. Lett. 408, 65-70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grigoropoulos, C. P.

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grivas, C.

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, I. Zergioti, and R. W. Eason, "Ballistic Laser-Assisted Solid Transfer (BLAST) from a Thin Film Precursor," Opt. Express 16, 3249-3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Güdde, J.

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hase, M.

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hatzopoulos, Z.

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hauchecorne, S.

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hertel, I. V.

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, T. Tachizaki, O. Matsuda, and O. B. Wright, "Electron dynamics in chromium probed with 20-fs optical pulses," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113102-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hohlfeld, J.

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hopp, B.

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Husinsky, W.

H. Dachraoui and W. Husinsky, "Fast electronic and thermal processes in femtosecond laser ablation of Au," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 104102-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Schmidt, W. Husinsky, and G. Betz, "Dynamics of Laser Desorption and Ablation of Metals at the Threshold on the Femtosecond Time Scale," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3516-3519 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishioka, K.

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Itina, T. E.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, "Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235414-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jähnke, V.

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jegenyes, N.

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaganov, M. I.

M. I. Kaganov, I. M. Lifshitz, and L. V. Tanatarov, "The electron-lattice relaxation," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 232 (1956) [Sov. Phys. JETP 4, 173 (1957)].

Kalpouzos, C.

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kannari, F.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karaiskou, A.

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, I. Zergioti, and C. Fotakis, "Shadowgraphic imaging of the sub-ps laser-induced forward transfer process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1594-1596 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kasotakis, E.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kerherve, F.

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Khishchenko, K. V.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, "Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235414-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, B. F.

J. Bohandy, B. F. Kim, and F. J. Adrian, "Metal deposition from a supported metal film using an excimer laser," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 1538-1539 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kitajima, M.

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klebniczki, J.

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koch, J.

Korn, G.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Korte, F.

Kostantinidis, G.

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lermé, J.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Levashov, P. R.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, "Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235414-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lifshitz, I. M.

M. I. Kaganov, I. M. Lifshitz, and L. V. Tanatarov, "The electron-lattice relaxation," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 232 (1956) [Sov. Phys. JETP 4, 173 (1957)].

Lin, Z.

Z. Lin, L. V. Zhigilei, and V. Celli, "Electron-phonon coupling and electron heat capacity of metals under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075133-17 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Lisowski, M.

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

Loukakos, P. A.

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mailis, S.

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, O.

H. Hirori, T. Tachizaki, O. Matsuda, and O. B. Wright, "Electron dynamics in chromium probed with 20-fs optical pulses," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113102-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matthias, E.

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mills, J. D.

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitraki, A.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mourka, A.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, and G. A. Mourou, "Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212-1215 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

Norris, T. B.

H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, and G. A. Mourou, "Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212-1215 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papakonstantinou, P.

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Papastathopoulos, E.

E. Papastathopoulos, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Optimal control of femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of atomic calcium," Chem. Phys. Lett. 408, 65-70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Papazoglou, D. G.

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, I. Zergioti, and C. Fotakis, "Shadowgraphic imaging of the sub-ps laser-induced forward transfer process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1594-1596 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pellarin, M.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perakis, I. E.

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Perriere, J.

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pessot, M. A.

H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, and G. A. Mourou, "Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212-1215 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popescu, A.

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Povarnitsyn, M. E.

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, "Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235414-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A.

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, A.

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, V.

V. Schmidt, W. Husinsky, and G. Betz, "Dynamics of Laser Desorption and Ablation of Metals at the Threshold on the Femtosecond Time Scale," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3516-3519 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sfendourakis, M.

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sigmon, T. W.

D. Toet, P. M. Smith, T. W. Sigmon, and M. O. Thompson, "Experimental and numerical investigations of a hydrogen-assisted laser-induced materials transfer procedure," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3537-3546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. M.

D. Toet, P. M. Smith, T. W. Sigmon, and M. O. Thompson, "Experimental and numerical investigations of a hydrogen-assisted laser-induced materials transfer procedure," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3537-3546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stäahler, J.

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

Stoian, R.

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

E. Papastathopoulos, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Optimal control of femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of atomic calcium," Chem. Phys. Lett. 408, 65-70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tachizaki, T.

H. Hirori, T. Tachizaki, O. Matsuda, and O. B. Wright, "Electron dynamics in chromium probed with 20-fs optical pulses," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113102-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

Tanatarov, L. V.

M. I. Kaganov, I. M. Lifshitz, and L. V. Tanatarov, "The electron-lattice relaxation," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 232 (1956) [Sov. Phys. JETP 4, 173 (1957)].

Thompson, M. O.

D. Toet, P. M. Smith, T. W. Sigmon, and M. O. Thompson, "Experimental and numerical investigations of a hydrogen-assisted laser-induced materials transfer procedure," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3537-3546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thoss, A.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toet, D.

D. Toet, P. M. Smith, T. W. Sigmon, and M. O. Thompson, "Experimental and numerical investigations of a hydrogen-assisted laser-induced materials transfer procedure," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3537-3546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Toth, Z.

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ushida, K.

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vainos, N. A.

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, F.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, and C. Flytzanis, "Nonequilibrium Electron Interactions in Metal Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922-925 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voisin, C.

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wefers, M. M.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Scien. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wellershoff, S.-S.

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, M.

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

Wright, O. B.

H. Hirori, T. Tachizaki, O. Matsuda, and O. B. Wright, "Electron dynamics in chromium probed with 20-fs optical pulses," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113102-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zergioti, I.

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, I. Zergioti, and R. W. Eason, "Ballistic Laser-Assisted Solid Transfer (BLAST) from a Thin Film Precursor," Opt. Express 16, 3249-3254 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, I. Zergioti, and C. Fotakis, "Shadowgraphic imaging of the sub-ps laser-induced forward transfer process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1594-1596 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhigilei, L. V.

Z. Lin, L. V. Zhigilei, and V. Celli, "Electron-phonon coupling and electron heat capacity of metals under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075133-17 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (3)

M. Lisowski, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, J. Stäahler, C. Gahl, and M. Wolf, "Ultra-fast dynamics of electron thermalization, cooling and transport effects in Ru(001)," Appl. Phys. A 78, 165-176 (2004).

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, "Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing," Appl. Phys. A 77, 265-269 (2003).

I. Zergioti, S. Mailis, N. A. Vainos, P. Papakonstantinou, C. Kalpouzos, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and C. Fotakis, "Microdeposition of metal and oxide structures using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 66, 579-582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Li Yang, Ching-yue Wang, Xiao-chang Ni, Zhi-junWang, Wei Jia, and Lu Chai, "Microdroplet deposition of copper film by femptosecond laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 161110-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Dachraoui and W. Husinsky, "Fast electronic and thermal processes in femtosecond laser ablation of Au," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 104102-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Banks, C. Grivas, J. D. Mills, R. W. Eason, and I. Zergioti, "Nanodroplets deposited in microarrays by femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser-induced forward transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 193107-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, I. Zergioti, and C. Fotakis, "Shadowgraphic imaging of the sub-ps laser-induced forward transfer process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1594-1596 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (3)

V. Dinca, E. Kasotakis, J. Catherine, A. Mourka, A. Mitraki, A. Popescu, M. Dinescu, M. Farsari, and C. Fotakis, "Development of peptide-based patterns by laser transfer," Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 1160-1163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Zergioti, D. G. Papazoglou, A. Karaiskou, C. Fotakis, E. Gamaly, and A. Rode, "A comparative schlieren imaging study between ns and sub-ps forward tranfer of Cr," Appl. Surf. Sci. 208-209, 177-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Jegenyes, Z. Toth, B. Hopp, J. Klebniczki, Z. Bor, and C. Fotakis, "Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of diamond-like carbon film: The effect of double laser pulses," Appl. Surf. Sci. 252, 4667-4671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Hohlfeld, S.-S. Wellershoff, J. Güdde, U. Conrad, V. Jähnke, and E. Matthias, "Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals," Chem. Phys. 251, 237-258 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Papastathopoulos, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Optimal control of femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of atomic calcium," Chem. Phys. Lett. 408, 65-70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

J. Bohandy, B. F. Kim, and F. J. Adrian, "Metal deposition from a supported metal film using an excimer laser," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 1538-1539 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. Fogarassy, C. Fuchs, F. Kerherve, S. Hauchecorne, and J. Perriere, "Laser-induced forward transfer of high-Tc YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO super-conducting thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 457-459 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Toet, P. M. Smith, T. W. Sigmon, and M. O. Thompson, "Experimental and numerical investigations of a hydrogen-assisted laser-induced materials transfer procedure," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3537-3546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Loukakos, C. Kalpouzos, I. E. Perakis, Z. Hatzopoulos, M. Sfendourakis, G. Kostantinidis, and C. Fotakis, "Role of As precipitates on ultrafast electron trapping in low-temperature-grown GaAs and AlGaAs alloys," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 9863-9867 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (6)

J. P. Colombier, P. Combis, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Optimized energy coupling at ultrafast laser-irradiated metal surfaces by tailoring intensity envelopes: Consequences for material removal from Al samples," Phys. Rev. B 74, 224106-16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Voisin, D. Christofilos, P. A. Loukakos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. Lermé, M. Gaudry, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, and M. Broyer, "Ultrafast electron-electron scattering and energy exchanges in noble-metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195416-9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lin, L. V. Zhigilei, and V. Celli, "Electron-phonon coupling and electron heat capacity of metals under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium," Phys. Rev. B 77, 075133-17 (2008), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

M. E. Povarnitsyn, T. E. Itina, K. V. Khishchenko, and P. R. Levashov, "Material decomposition mechanisms in femtosecond laser interactions with metals," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235414-5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Ishioka, J. Demsar, K. Ushida, and M. Kitajima, "Ultrafast dynamics of coherent optical phonons and nonequilibrium electrons in transition metals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 184301-9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Hirori, T. Tachizaki, O. Matsuda, and O. B. Wright, "Electron dynamics in chromium probed with 20-fs optical pulses," Phys. Rev. B 68, 113102-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, and G. A. Mourou, "Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212-1215 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Schmidt, W. Husinsky, and G. Betz, "Dynamics of Laser Desorption and Ablation of Metals at the Threshold on the Femtosecond Time Scale," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3516-3519 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Del Fatti, R. Bouffanais, F. Vallée, and C. Flytzanis, "Nonequilibrium Electron Interactions in Metal Films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 922-925 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Scien. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Scien. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

M. I. Kaganov, I. M. Lifshitz, and L. V. Tanatarov, "The electron-lattice relaxation," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 31, 232 (1956) [Sov. Phys. JETP 4, 173 (1957)].

Other (4)

"Periodic Table of Elements," http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/periodic/

C. Germain and Y. Y. Tsui, "Femtosecond Laser Induced Forward Transfer of Materials," icmens, p. 44, 2003 International Conference on MEMS, NANO and Smart Systems (ICMENS'03), 2003.

K. D. Kyrkis, A. A. Andreadaki, D. G. Papazoglou, and I. Zergioti, "Direct Transfer and Microprinting of Functional Materials by Laser Induced Forward Transfer Process" in Recent Advances In Laser Processing of Materials, J. Perriere, E. Millon, E. Fogarassy (Elsevier, 2006), pp. 213-241.

B. Schmidt, M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, and T. Feurer; "LAB2-A virtual femtosecond laser lab," http://www.lab2.de

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Temporal pulse profiles generated with the method described in the text. Red and blue profiles in (b) are a guide to the eye to represent the underlying double pulses.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SEM images of dots deposited by the LIFT technique using single (Δt=0) and double pulses of various separation times with a total energy of 0.3 μJ in all the cases. (a) Au (b) Zn (c) Cr. The white arrow on the left side denotes the direction of increasing pulse separation, Δt, for all of the materials.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of dots diameter in Au, deposited by LIFT, on double pulse separation time and total pulse energy.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Time dependence of normalized differential transmission ΔT/T for Au, Zn and Cr thin films.

Metrics