Abstract

An experiment of an all-optical DPSK-signal regeneration is reported. In the regenerator, incoming DPSK signals are first demodulated to on-off-keying signals, then amplitude-regenerated by a 2R regenerator, and subsequently used as control pulses for phase remodulation of clock pulses in an all-optical phase modulator. Penalty-free operation with reduced amplitude noise is demonstrated by the use of a two-stage fiber-based cascaded 2R amplitude regenerator in bidirectional configuration.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. -C. Simon, M. Gay, L. Bramerie, V. Roncin, M. Joindot, T. Chartier, S. Lobo, G. Girault, Q. T. Le, T. N. Nguyen, and M. N. Ngo, "Long distance transmission using optical regeneration," in 2008 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OWS1.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplfication in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Kang, C. Dorrer, L. Zhang, M. Rasras, L. Buhl, A. Bhardwaj, S. Cabot, M. Dinu, X. Liu, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, J. Jaques, and C. R. Giles, "Regenerative all optical wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s DPSK signals using a semiconductor optical amplifier Mach-Zehnder interferometer," 2005 European Conference on Optical Communication, paper Th 4.3.3 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Matsumoto, "A fiber-based all-optical 3R regenerator for DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 273-275 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, and M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. C. Wei and J. J. Chen, "Convergence of phase noise in DPSK transmission systems by novel phase noise averagers," Opt. Express,  14, 9584-9593 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, "All-optical re-phasing, re-shaping, and re-amplification of RZ-DPSK data," in 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA53.
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Matsumoto, "Regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals by fiber-based all-optical regenerators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1055-1057 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Boscolo, R. Bhamber, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Design of Raman-based nonlinear loop mirror for all-optical 2R regeneration of differential phase-shift-keying transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 619-624 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Croussore and G. Li, "Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in fibre," Electron. Lett. 43, 177-178 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Matsumoto, "A fiber-based all-optical regenerator for DQPSK signals," 2007 European Conference on Optical Communication, paper P069 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. T. -H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Croussore and G. Li, "Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in fibre," Electron. Lett. 43, 177-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Matsumoto, "A fiber-based all-optical 3R regenerator for DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 273-275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (7)

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplfication in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, and M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Wei and J. J. Chen, "Convergence of phase noise in DPSK transmission systems by novel phase noise averagers," Opt. Express,  14, 9584-9593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Boscolo, R. Bhamber, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Design of Raman-based nonlinear loop mirror for all-optical 2R regeneration of differential phase-shift-keying transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 619-624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Matsumoto, "Regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals by fiber-based all-optical regenerators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1055-1057 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. -H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Adolfsson, G.

P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, and M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

An, L.

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bhamber, R.

S. Boscolo, R. Bhamber, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Design of Raman-based nonlinear loop mirror for all-optical 2R regeneration of differential phase-shift-keying transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 619-624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplfication in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bornholdt, C.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boscolo, S.

S. Boscolo, R. Bhamber, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Design of Raman-based nonlinear loop mirror for all-optical 2R regeneration of differential phase-shift-keying transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 619-624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Böttger, G.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bunge, C. -A.

R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. J.

C. C. Wei and J. J. Chen, "Convergence of phase noise in DPSK transmission systems by novel phase noise averagers," Opt. Express,  14, 9584-9593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore and G. Li, "Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in fibre," Electron. Lett. 43, 177-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cvecek, K.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Melo, A. M.

R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devgan, P.

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elschner, R.

R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Finot, C.

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V. S.

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Headley, C.

T. -H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Her, T. -H.

T. -H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johannisson, P.

P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, and M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, and M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katoh, K.

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, K.

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C.

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, I.

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

K. Croussore and G. Li, "Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in fibre," Electron. Lett. 43, 177-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marculescu, A.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

M. Matsumoto, "A fiber-based all-optical 3R regenerator for DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 273-275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Matsumoto, "Regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals by fiber-based all-optical regenerators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1055-1057 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, M.

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mukasa, K.

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onishchujkov, G.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Provost, L.

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raybon, G.

T. -H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartorius, B.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schlak, M.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmauss, B.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shin, M.

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Slovak, J.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spnsel, K.

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sponsel, K.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, C.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Striegler, A. G.

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplfication in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanemura, T.

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsadka, S.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. Boscolo, R. Bhamber, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Design of Raman-based nonlinear loop mirror for all-optical 2R regeneration of differential phase-shift-keying transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 619-624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vorreau, P.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C. C.

C. C. Wei and J. J. Chen, "Convergence of phase noise in DPSK transmission systems by novel phase noise averagers," Opt. Express,  14, 9584-9593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, and P. Kumar, "Mechanism of SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise degradaed DPSK signals," Electron. Lett. 41, 1021-1022 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Croussore and G. Li, "Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in fibre," Electron. Lett. 43, 177-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Boscolo, R. Bhamber, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Design of Raman-based nonlinear loop mirror for all-optical 2R regeneration of differential phase-shift-keying transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 619-624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

T. -H. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Stephan, G. Onishchujkov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, "2R-regeneration of an 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signal by a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1475-1477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Striegler, M. Meissner, K. Cvecek, K. Spnsel, G. Leuchs, and B. Schmauss, "NOLM-based RZ-DPSK signal regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 639-641 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Matsumoto, "Regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals by fiber-based all-optical regenerators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1055-1057 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplfication in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Böttger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Matsumoto, "A fiber-based all-optical 3R regenerator for DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 273-275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, "All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Commun. 281, 2755-2759 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators," Opt. Express 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanemura, J. H. Lee, D. Wang, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive 160-Gb/s wavelength converter with all-optical repolarizing function using circular-birefringence highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 14, 1408-1412 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Croussore, I. Kim, C. Kim, Y. Han, and G. Li, "Phase-and-amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using a phase-sensitive amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 2085-2094 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Wei and J. J. Chen, "Convergence of phase noise in DPSK transmission systems by novel phase noise averagers," Opt. Express,  14, 9584-9593 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

P. Johannisson, G. Adolfsson, and M. Karlsson, "Suppression of phase error in differential phase-shift keying data by amplitude regeneration," Opt. Lett. 31, 1385-1387 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Elschner, A. M. de Melo, C. -A. Bunge, and K. Petermann, "Noise suppression properties of an interferometer-based regenerator for differential phase-shift keying data," Opt. Lett. 32, 112-114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, L. Zhang, M. Rasras, L. Buhl, A. Bhardwaj, S. Cabot, M. Dinu, X. Liu, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, J. Jaques, and C. R. Giles, "Regenerative all optical wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s DPSK signals using a semiconductor optical amplifier Mach-Zehnder interferometer," 2005 European Conference on Optical Communication, paper Th 4.3.3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. -C. Simon, M. Gay, L. Bramerie, V. Roncin, M. Joindot, T. Chartier, S. Lobo, G. Girault, Q. T. Le, T. N. Nguyen, and M. N. Ngo, "Long distance transmission using optical regeneration," in 2008 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OWS1.
[PubMed]

K. P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer, 2005).

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, and J. Goldhar, "All-optical re-phasing, re-shaping, and re-amplification of RZ-DPSK data," in 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA53.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Matsumoto, "A fiber-based all-optical regenerator for DQPSK signals," 2007 European Conference on Optical Communication, paper P069 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, M. Galili, B. Huettl, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, "160 Gbit/s all-optical OOK to DPSK in-line format conversion," 2006 European Conference on Optical Communication, paper Th4.3.5 (2006).

M. Matsumoto, Y. Shimada, and H. Sakaguchi, "Wavelength-shift-free SPM-based 2R regeneration by bidirectional use of a highly nonlinear fiber," in 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OME5.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of an all-optical DPSK-signal regenerator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. PC: polarization controller, LNM: LiNbO3 phase modulator, POL: polarizer, PM EDFA: polarization-maintaining EDFA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical eye patterns of (a) input DPSK signal, (b) demodulated OOK signal before 2R regenerator, (c) that after the 2R regenerator, and (d) output DPSK signal. Horizontal axes: 20ps/div.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Power transfer functions of the 2R regenerator in the forward (solid curve) and backward (dashed curve) directions.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

BER versus received power for input signal (dashed curve with triangles) and output signal (solid curve with circles). Dash-dotted curve with crosses is the BER when the 2R amplitude regenerator is removed.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Received eye patterns of DPSK signals. (a) input signal, (b) output signal, and (c) output signal when the 2R amplitude regenerator is removed. Horizontal axes: 20ps/div.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Receiver sensitivity versus the averaged power of control pulses launched to the HNLF for phase remodulation.

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