Abstract

High-power operation of a cladding-pumped Tm-doped broadband superfluorescent fiber source in the two-micron wavelength regime is described. Predominately single-ended operation was achieved using a simple all-fiber geometry without the use of a high reflectivity mirror or fiber Bragg gratings. The source produced >11 W of single-ended amplified spontaneous emission output spanning the wavelength range from ~ 1930 nm to 1988 nm for a launched diode pump power of ~ 40 W at ~790 nm, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 38% with respect to launched pump power. The wavelength spectrum of the superfluorescent source spanned the range from ~ 1650 to 2100 nm with a bandwidth (FWHM) of > 100 nm for output power levels of < 20 mW.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, "Carbon dioxide detection using a co-doped Tm-Ho optical fiber," Proc. SPIE 2510,158-164 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, "High-power widely tunable Tm:fiber lasers pumped by and Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser at 1.6μm," Opt. Express 14, 6084-6090 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-soped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. F. Moulton, "Power scaling of high-efficiency Tm-doped fiber lasers," Lasers and Applications in Science and Engineering (LASE 2008), paper 6873-15 (2008).
  6. M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. V. Gapontsev, A. Drozhzhin, V. P. Gapontsev, and V. Sergeev, "415W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber Format," Lasers and Applications in Science and Engineering (LASE 2008), paper 6873-16 (2008).
  7. K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre sources near 2 μm using resonant in-bank pumping," J. Modern Opt. 52, 109-118 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. F. Kalman, M. J. Digonnet, and P. F. Wysocki, "Modeling of three-level laser superfluorescent fiber souces," Proc. SPIE 1373, 209-223 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. H. Frosz, M. Juhl, and M. H. Lang, Optical Coherence Tomography: System Design and Noise Analysis (Ris�? -R-1278(EN), Ris�? National Laboratory, Denmark, July 2001), Chap. 4.

2006 (2)

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, "High-power widely tunable Tm:fiber lasers pumped by and Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser at 1.6μm," Opt. Express 14, 6084-6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre sources near 2 μm using resonant in-bank pumping," J. Modern Opt. 52, 109-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-soped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, "Carbon dioxide detection using a co-doped Tm-Ho optical fiber," Proc. SPIE 2510,158-164 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

R. F. Kalman, M. J. Digonnet, and P. F. Wysocki, "Modeling of three-level laser superfluorescent fiber souces," Proc. SPIE 1373, 209-223 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brezinski, M. E.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, "High-power widely tunable Tm:fiber lasers pumped by and Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser at 1.6μm," Opt. Express 14, 6084-6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davey, S. T.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J.

R. F. Kalman, M. J. Digonnet, and P. F. Wysocki, "Modeling of three-level laser superfluorescent fiber souces," Proc. SPIE 1373, 209-223 (1991).
[CrossRef]

El-Sherif, A. F.

Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre sources near 2 μm using resonant in-bank pumping," J. Modern Opt. 52, 109-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frith, G.

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-soped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-soped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kalman, R. F.

R. F. Kalman, M. J. Digonnet, and P. F. Wysocki, "Modeling of three-level laser superfluorescent fiber souces," Proc. SPIE 1373, 209-223 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kilian, A.

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

King, T. A.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre sources near 2 μm using resonant in-bank pumping," J. Modern Opt. 52, 109-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D. K.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, D. G.

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-soped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Louka, M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, "Carbon dioxide detection using a co-doped Tm-Ho optical fiber," Proc. SPIE 2510,158-164 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, L. E.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, "Carbon dioxide detection using a co-doped Tm-Ho optical fiber," Proc. SPIE 2510,158-164 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Percival, R. M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, S. D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Reinhart, L.

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinhart, L. J.

T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, "Carbon dioxide detection using a co-doped Tm-Ho optical fiber," Proc. SPIE 2510,158-164 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, "High-power widely tunable Tm:fiber lasers pumped by and Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser at 1.6μm," Opt. Express 14, 6084-6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seltzer, C. P.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, "High-power widely tunable Tm:fiber lasers pumped by and Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser at 1.6μm," Opt. Express 14, 6084-6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szebesta, D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tearney, G. J.

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre sources near 2 μm using resonant in-bank pumping," J. Modern Opt. 52, 109-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weber, P. M.

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wysocki, P. F.

R. F. Kalman, M. J. Digonnet, and P. F. Wysocki, "Modeling of three-level laser superfluorescent fiber souces," Proc. SPIE 1373, 209-223 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-soped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6 μm pumped 1.9-μm Thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical conherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55μm and 1.81μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76-79 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Modern Opt. (2)

Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D. K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm," J. Modern Opt. 53, 991-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, "Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre sources near 2 μm using resonant in-bank pumping," J. Modern Opt. 52, 109-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, "High-power widely tunable Tm:fiber lasers pumped by and Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser at 1.6μm," Opt. Express 14, 6084-6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, "Broadband superfluorescent emission of the 3H4�??3H6 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1131-1133 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, "Carbon dioxide detection using a co-doped Tm-Ho optical fiber," Proc. SPIE 2510,158-164 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Kalman, M. J. Digonnet, and P. F. Wysocki, "Modeling of three-level laser superfluorescent fiber souces," Proc. SPIE 1373, 209-223 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. H. Frosz, M. Juhl, and M. H. Lang, Optical Coherence Tomography: System Design and Noise Analysis (Ris�? -R-1278(EN), Ris�? National Laboratory, Denmark, July 2001), Chap. 4.

P. F. Moulton, "Power scaling of high-efficiency Tm-doped fiber lasers," Lasers and Applications in Science and Engineering (LASE 2008), paper 6873-15 (2008).

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. V. Gapontsev, A. Drozhzhin, V. P. Gapontsev, and V. Sergeev, "415W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber Format," Lasers and Applications in Science and Engineering (LASE 2008), paper 6873-16 (2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the Tm-doped fiber ASE source cladding-pumped by beam-shaped 790 nm diode-bars.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

ASE output power versus launched pump power for pumping at the perpendicular-cleaved and the angle-polished fiber end.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus launched pump power for the single-ended output Tm-doped fiber ASE source.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Single-ended output ASE spectra at different output power levels.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. ASE output power and spectral properties of the Tm fiber superfluorescent source for single-ended pumping with a 30 W beam-shaped diode bar at 790 nm

Equations (1)

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P A P B = 1 R A 1 R B · R B R A

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