Abstract

Numerical simulations are used to study the interaction dynamics between pump spectral broadening and third harmonic generation during supercontinuum generation in a highly nonlinear fused silica nanowire using sub-100 fs pump pulses. In particular, we show that the superposition of the generated third harmonic with the spectrally-broadened pump pulse exhibits significant dependence on the input pump carrier envelope phase, and we examine this dependence as a function of pulse duration and propagation distance.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365- 15376 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11301.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Foster, K. Moll, and A. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2880.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. J.  Blow and D.  Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. Gilles, J. V. Moloney, and L. Vázquez, "Electromagnetic shocks on the optical cycle of ultrashort pulses in triple-resonance Lorentz dielectric media with subfemtosecond nonlinear electronic Debye relaxation," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1051-1059 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of femtosecond pulse propagation in sub-micron diameter tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 293-300 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: Influence of the frequency dependent mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. Pal and W. H. Knox, "End-sealing short dispersion micromanaged tapered holey fibers by hole-collapsing," Opt. Express 15, 13531-13538 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13531.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. A. M. Zheltikov, "Third-harmonic generation with no signal at 3?," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043812 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  30. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

P. Pal and W. H. Knox, "End-sealing short dispersion micromanaged tapered holey fibers by hole-collapsing," Opt. Express 15, 13531-13538 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13531.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365- 15376 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11301.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, "Third-harmonic generation with no signal at 3?," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: Influence of the frequency dependent mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (7)

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of femtosecond pulse propagation in sub-micron diameter tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 293-300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Foster, K. Moll, and A. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2880.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. Gilles, J. V. Moloney, and L. Vázquez, "Electromagnetic shocks on the optical cycle of ultrashort pulses in triple-resonance Lorentz dielectric media with subfemtosecond nonlinear electronic Debye relaxation," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1051-1059 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. J.  Blow and D.  Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Alfimov, M. V.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baggett, J. C.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Belardi, W.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beloglazov, V. I.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, F.

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blow, K. J.

K. J.  Blow and D.  Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Q.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chipperfield, L. E.

S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: Influence of the frequency dependent mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Coyle, S.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: Influence of the frequency dependent mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A. B.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Finot, C.

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, R.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M.

M. Foster, K. Moll, and A. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2880.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, K.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

M. Foster, K. Moll, and A. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2880.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genty, G.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilles, L.

L. Gilles, J. V. Moloney, and L. Vázquez, "Electromagnetic shocks on the optical cycle of ultrashort pulses in triple-resonance Lorentz dielectric media with subfemtosecond nonlinear electronic Debye relaxation," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1051-1059 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, A. A.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaivola, M.

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalashnikov, V. L.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11301.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kautek, W.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: Influence of the frequency dependent mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kinsler, P.

S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365- 15376 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

P. Pal and W. H. Knox, "End-sealing short dispersion micromanaged tapered holey fibers by hole-collapsing," Opt. Express 15, 13531-13538 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13531.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolesik, M.

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of femtosecond pulse propagation in sub-micron diameter tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 293-300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krüger, J.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lehtonen, M.

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lenzner, M.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Likforman, J.-P.

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luan, F.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mason, M. W.

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehendale, M.

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, S. A.

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K.

M. Foster, K. Moll, and A. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2880.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moloney, J. V.

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of femtosecond pulse propagation in sub-micron diameter tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 293-300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Gilles, J. V. Moloney, and L. Vázquez, "Electromagnetic shocks on the optical cycle of ultrashort pulses in triple-resonance Lorentz dielectric media with subfemtosecond nonlinear electronic Debye relaxation," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1051-1059 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moores, M. D.

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Netti, C.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

New, G. H. C.

S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pal, P.

P. Pal and W. H. Knox, "End-sealing short dispersion micromanaged tapered holey fibers by hole-collapsing," Opt. Express 15, 13531-13538 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13531.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paschotta, R.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Radnor, S. B. P.

S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Russell, J.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Skibina, N. B.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365- 15376 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorokin, E.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11301.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorokina, I. T.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11301.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

St, P.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Svacha, G. T.

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vázquez, L.

L. Gilles, J. V. Moloney, and L. Vázquez, "Electromagnetic shocks on the optical cycle of ultrashort pulses in triple-resonance Lorentz dielectric media with subfemtosecond nonlinear electronic Debye relaxation," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1051-1059 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

K. J.  Blow and D.  Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of femtosecond pulse propagation in sub-micron diameter tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 293-300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yulin, A. V.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Zheltikov, "Third-harmonic generation with no signal at 3?," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (4)

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, W. Belardi, J. C. Baggett, S. Coyle, C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, R. Paschotta, and D. J. Richardson, "UV generation in a pure-silica holey fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 291-298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, R. Fischer, G. Genty, D. N. Neshev, and J. M. Dudley, "Simultaneous femtosecond pulse spectral broadening and third harmonic generation in highly nonlinear fibre: experiments and simulations," Appl. Phys. B 91, 349-352 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. M. Dudley, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: Influence of the frequency dependent mode area," Appl. Phys. B 81, 337-342 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of femtosecond pulse propagation in sub-micron diameter tapered fibers," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 293-300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. J.  Blow and D.  Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

E. E. Serebryannikov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photon. (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres," Nature Photon. 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, "Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics," Nature Phys. 3, 597-603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (11)

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11301.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365- 15376 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, "Nonlinear envelope equation modeling of sub-cycle dynamics and harmonic generation in nonlinear waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 5382-5387 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5382.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Foster, K. Moll, and A. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2880.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-13-2864.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Gattass, G. T. Svacha, L. Tong, and E. Mazur, "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers," Opt. Express 14, 9408-9414 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-20-9408.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 1300-1320 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1300.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pal and W. H. Knox, "End-sealing short dispersion micromanaged tapered holey fibers by hole-collapsing," Opt. Express 15, 13531-13538 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13531.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-20-2567.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Method for single-shot measurement of the carrier envelope phase of a few-cycle laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 25, 1672-1674 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. B. P. Radnor, L. E. Chipperfield, P. Kinsler, and G. H. C. New, "Carrier-wave steepened pulses and gradient-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Zheltikov, "Third-harmonic generation with no signal at 3?," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

L. Gilles, J. V. Moloney, and L. Vázquez, "Electromagnetic shocks on the optical cycle of ultrashort pulses in triple-resonance Lorentz dielectric media with subfemtosecond nonlinear electronic Debye relaxation," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1051-1059 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiation in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. StJ. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, "Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076-4079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282-3285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: MOV (1784 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (1784 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1834 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (1948 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Spectral and (b) temporal characteristics at the distances shown for 25 fs input pulses and initial CEO phase ϕCEO=0. Spectral plots show both frequency and wavelength axes, and temporal plots use a co-moving frame. Frequency is normalized relative to the pump ω0. The detailed views show: (a) the spectral coherence and (b) an expanded view of the output field.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated spectrograms of fiber output for 25 fs input pulses: (a) neglecting and (b) including THG for an initial CEO phase ϕCEO=0. An animation for (b) is available (Movie 1.8 MB) [Media 1]. The gate function had duration 25 fs, and the plots show intensity on a logarithmic scale as shown. (c) Detail for initial CEO phase of ϕCEO=0 (solid) and ϕCEO=π/2 (dashed).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrograms of fiber output and evolution animations for pulse durations: (a) 15 fs (Movie 1.8 MB) [Media 2] (b) 50 fs (Movie 1.8 MB) [Media 3]; (d) 100 fs (Movie 1.9 MB) [Media 4]. Initial CEO phase ϕCEO=0 in all cases. The gate function has duration 25 fs in all cases and we use the same intensity scale as Fig. 2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of spectral characteristics for (a) 25 fs and (b) 100 fs input pulses at the distances shown for initial CEO phase ϕCEO=0. The subplots on the right illustrate the differences in spectral characteristics at selected distances for an initial CEO phase of ϕCEO=0 (solid line) and ϕCEO=π/2 (dashed line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

For the pulse durations and propagation distances indicated, the figure shows spectra obtained for initial CEO phase of ϕCEO=0 (solid line) and ϕCEO=π/2 (dashed line).

Metrics