Abstract

We report flexible and elastic enough nanofibers with diameters down to 60 nm and lengths up to 500 mm, fabricated by one-step drawing process from molten poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT), exhibiting high surface smoothness and length uniformity. A series of ultracompact devices (such as optical beam splitters, couplers, rings, resonators, and tweezer/scissor-shaped structures) and nanophotonic device arrays have been assembled by the PTT nanofibers. Quantitative studies demonstrate that the PTT nanofibers/nanofiber devices exhibit good guiding properties with low optical loss from visible to near infrared region. The results suggest that the PTT nanophotonic fibers/wires would be promising candidates in constructing miniaturized photonic devices and ultracompact photonic integrated circuits (PICs), and a one-step drawing as an alternative to the standard optical bench technique.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Appell, "Wired for success," Nature 419, 553-555 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Express 14, 82-87 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  6. G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fiber nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Li, L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. J. Kim, J. H. Bae, and Y. H. Kim, "Infrared spectroscopic analysis of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 42, 1023-1033 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, "Nanowire photonic circuit elements," Nano Lett. 4, 1981-1985 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Express 14, 82-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fiber nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Kelsey, K. S. Kiibler, and P. N. Tutunjian, "Thermal stability of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 46, 8937-8946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, "Nanowire photonic circuit elements," Nano Lett. 4, 1981-1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Sumetsky, "Optical fiber microcoil resonator," Opt. Express 12, 2303-2316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

D. Appell, "Wired for success," Nature 419, 553-555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Chuah, "Intrinsic birefringence of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," J. Polym. Sci.: Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1513-1520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

H. H. Chuah and B. T. A. Chang, "Crystal orientation function of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) by wide-angle x-ray diffraction," Polym. Bull. 46, 307-313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Kim, J. H. Bae, and Y. H. Kim, "Infrared spectroscopic analysis of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 42, 1023-1033 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Chuah, "Orientation and structure development in poly(trimethylene terephthalate) tensile drawing," Macromolecules 34, 6985-6993 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Appell, D.

D. Appell, "Wired for success," Nature 419, 553-555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bae, J. H.

K. J. Kim, J. H. Bae, and Y. H. Kim, "Infrared spectroscopic analysis of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 42, 1023-1033 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barrelet, C. J.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, "Nanowire photonic circuit elements," Nano Lett. 4, 1981-1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bellan, L. M.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berry, S. M.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Brambilla, G.

F. Xu, P. Horak, and G. Brambilla, "Optical microfiber coil resonator refractometric sensor," Opt. Express 15, 7888-7893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fiber nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cambron, S. D.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, B. T. A.

H. H. Chuah and B. T. A. Chang, "Crystal orientation function of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) by wide-angle x-ray diffraction," Polym. Bull. 46, 307-313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, G.

Chuah, H. H.

H. H. Chuah, "Intrinsic birefringence of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," J. Polym. Sci.: Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1513-1520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Chuah and B. T. A. Chang, "Crystal orientation function of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) by wide-angle x-ray diffraction," Polym. Bull. 46, 307-313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Chuah, "Orientation and structure development in poly(trimethylene terephthalate) tensile drawing," Macromolecules 34, 6985-6993 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cohn, R. W.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Craighead, H. G.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crain, M. M.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cristea, B.

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Edel, J. B.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fiber nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

Forschner, T.

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldberger, J.

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greytak, A. B.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, "Nanowire photonic circuit elements," Nano Lett. 4, 1981-1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gwyn, D.

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. S.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harfenist, S. A.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

He, J.

He, S.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Hu, L.

Hwo, C.

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Isham, A. W.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, F.

Ji, B. C.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. C.

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kelsey, D. R.

D. R. Kelsey, K. S. Kiibler, and P. N. Tutunjian, "Thermal stability of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 46, 8937-8946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Keynton, R. S.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khil, M. S.

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kiibler, K. S.

D. R. Kelsey, K. S. Kiibler, and P. N. Tutunjian, "Thermal stability of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 46, 8937-8946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. Y.

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. J.

K. J. Kim, J. H. Bae, and Y. H. Kim, "Infrared spectroscopic analysis of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 42, 1023-1033 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. H.

K. J. Kim, J. H. Bae, and Y. H. Kim, "Infrared spectroscopic analysis of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 42, 1023-1033 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Koizumi, F.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Law, M.

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-R.

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. S.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-S.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Lieber, C. M.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, "Nanowire photonic circuit elements," Nano Lett. 4, 1981-1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J.

L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Express 14, 82-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lowtan, R.

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lyoo, W. S.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, I.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, E. W.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. Y.

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Richardson, D. J.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saykally, R. J.

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Sirbuly, D. J.

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Son, T. W.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Tong, L.

Y. Li, L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, L. Hu, J. Zhang, J. Qiu, Q. Yang, J. Lou, Y. Shen, J. He, and Z. Ye, "Photonic nanowires directly drawn from bulk glasses," Opt. Express 14, 82-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tutunjian, P. N.

D. R. Kelsey, K. S. Kiibler, and P. N. Tutunjian, "Thermal stability of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 46, 8937-8946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, K. M.

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

F. Xu, P. Horak, and G. Brambilla, "Optical microfiber coil resonator refractometric sensor," Opt. Express 15, 7888-7893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fiber nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P.

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Ye, Z.

Yoon, W. S.

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fiber nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, "Compound-glass optical nanowires," Electron. Lett. 41, 400-402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

W. S. Lyoo, H. S. Lee, B. C. Ji, S. S. Han, K. Koo, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, J.-S. Lee, T. W. Son, and W. S. Yoon, "Effect of zone drawing on the structure and properties of melt-spun poly(trimethylene terephthalate) fiber," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 81, 3471-3480 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Plast. Film Sheeting (1)

C. Hwo, T. Forschner, R. Lowtan, D. Gwyn, and B. Cristea, "Poly(trimethylene phthalates or naphthalate) and copolymers: new opportunities in film and packaging applications," J. Plast. Film Sheeting 15, 219-234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Polym. Sci.: Part B: Polym. Phys. (1)

H. H. Chuah, "Intrinsic birefringence of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," J. Polym. Sci.: Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1513-1520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules (1)

H. H. Chuah, "Orientation and structure development in poly(trimethylene terephthalate) tensile drawing," Macromolecules 34, 6985-6993 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

L. Tong, J. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. He, X. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, "Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices," Nano Lett. 5, 259-262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Harfenist, S. D. Cambron, E. W. Nelson, S. M. Berry, A. W. Isham, M. M. Crain, K. M. Walsh, R. S. Keynton, and R. W. Cohn, "Direct drawing of suspended filamentary micro- and nanostructures from liquid polymers," Nano Lett. 4, 1931-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, "Nanowire photonic circuit elements," Nano Lett. 4, 1981-1985 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Appell, "Wired for success," Nature 419, 553-555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Polym. Bull. (1)

H. H. Chuah and B. T. A. Chang, "Crystal orientation function of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) by wide-angle x-ray diffraction," Polym. Bull. 46, 307-313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Polymer (3)

M. S. Khil, H. Y. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. Y. Park, and D.-R. Lee, "Nanofibrous mats of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) via electrospinning," Polymer 45, 295-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Kim, J. H. Bae, and Y. H. Kim, "Infrared spectroscopic analysis of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 42, 1023-1033 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Kelsey, K. S. Kiibler, and P. N. Tutunjian, "Thermal stability of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Polymer 46, 8937-8946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. Law, D. J. Sirbuly, J. C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R. J. Saykally, and P. Yang, "Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration," Science 305, 1269-1273 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Small (1)

H. Liu, J. B. Edel, L. M. Bellan, H. G. Craighead, "Electrospun polymer nanofibers as subwavelength optical waveguides incorporating quantum dots," Small 2, 495-499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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