Abstract

We have demonstrated the generation of 5 fs, 0.5 TW pulses at 1 kHz repetition rate using a pulse compression technique in a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient. Owing to the excellent beam quality by passing through the hollow fiber, the beam after pulse compression could be focused to a nearly diffraction-limited spot size. We obtained for the first time a peak intensity as high as 5×1018 W/cm2 in the 2-cycle regime.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Witte, R. Th. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. P. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation - parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 111116/1-3 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, K. Midorikawa, M. Hatayama, and K. Nagasaka, "Propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in a hollow fiber filled with argon: constant gas pressure vs differential gas pressure," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2002-2011 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Oishi, A. Suda, F. Kannari, and K. Midorikawa, "Sub-10 fs, multi-mJ laser system," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093114/1-6 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Kaku, and K. Midorikawa, "Optimization of hollow fiber pulse compression using pressure gradients," Appl. Phys. B 89, 209-215 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 116-126 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a high-repetition-rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106/1-3 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press., San Diego, 1992) Chap. 6.

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. Th. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, "A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8168-8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Attucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckle, P.

Eikema, K. S. E.

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

Goulielmakis, E.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guandalini, A.

Hatayama, M.

Hauri, C. P.

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hogervorst, W.

Hou, B.

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imran, T.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaku, M.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Kaku, and K. Midorikawa, "Optimization of hollow fiber pulse compression using pressure gradients," Appl. Phys. B 89, 209-215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, S.

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kornelis, W.

Krausz, F.

F. Tavella, Y. Nomura, L. Veisz, V. Pervak, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, "Dispersion management for a sub-10-fs, 10 TW optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2227-2229 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. S.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Li, X.

Liu, J.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Midorikawa, K.

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyagi, M.

M. Miyagi and S. Kawakami, "Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 116-126 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagasaka, K.

Nam, C. H.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, N. M.

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nees, J. A.

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, Y.

Nurhuda, M.

Park, J. Y.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, I. V.

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
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Suda, A.

Sung, J. H.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tavella, F.

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ubachs, W.

Uiberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
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Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
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Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
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Wolf, A. L.

Xu, Z.

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
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Appl. Phys. B (2)

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, M. Kaku, and K. Midorikawa, "Optimization of hollow fiber pulse compression using pressure gradients," Appl. Phys. B 89, 209-215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Nature (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. M. Naumova, J. A. Nees, I. V. Sokolov, B. Hou, and G. A. Mourou, "Relativistic generation of isolated attosecond pulses in a ?3 focal volume," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 063902/1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Vittoresi, C. Attucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett.  86, 111116/1-3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oishi, A. Suda, F. Kannari, and K. Midorikawa, "Sub-10 fs, multi-mJ laser system," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 093114/1-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanai, A. Suda, S. Bohman, M. Kaku, S. Yamaguchi and K. Midorikawa, "Pointing stabilization of a high-repetition-rate high-power femtosecond laser for intense few-cycle pulse generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061106/1-3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press., San Diego, 1992) Chap. 6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

kHz Ti:sapphire laser chirped pulse amplification system with a pressure-gradient hollow fiber pulse compressor. PC: Pockels cell, PID: proportional-integral-derivative controller, BS: beam splitter, PSD: position-sensitive detector, PM: power meter, CCD: charge coupled device. The spectrum broadened by the self-phase modulation in the fiber was monitored with a spectrometer. The compressed pulse duration was measured with SPIDER after dispersion compensation with chirped mirrors.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Transmittances as functions of distance between focusing lens and fiber entrance for input energies of 0.5 mJ and 5 mJ in vacuum and 5 mJ at a neon pressure of 1.5 atm and (b) transmittance and beam diameter as functions of neon pressure on the exit side.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Comparison of spectral broadening at various neon gas pressures on the exit side. (a) Experimental data and (b) simulated results.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Spectral profile and phase after compensation for dispersion and (b) reconstructed temporal profile.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Focusability of the beam after hollow fiber compression. The insert shows the focal spot image.

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