Abstract

We demonstrate a technique for generating large, all-optical delays while simultaneously minimizing pulse distortion by using temporal phase conjugation via four-wave mixing in Si nanowaveguides. Using this scheme, we achieve continuously tunable delays over a range of 243 ns for 10 Gb/s NRZ data.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, "Bottlenecks in next generation DWDM-based optical networks," Comput. Commun. 24, 1726-1733 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for Terabit/Second Optical Transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. J. B. Yoo, "Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Choi, J. H. Na, Y. Ryu, G. Mudhana, and B. H. Lee, "All-fiber variable optical delay line for applications in optical coherence tomography: feasibility study for a novel delay line," Opt. Express 13, 1334-1345 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. N. Pearson, K. D. Ridley, and D. V. Willetts, "Chirp-pulse-compression three dimensional lidar imager with fiber optics," Appl. Opt. 44, 257-265 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Han and B. Jalali, "Photonic time-stretched analog-to-digital converter: Fundamental concepts and practical considerations," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3085-3103 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).
  9. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "�??Slow�?? and �??fast�?? light," Progress in Optics 43, edited by E. Wolf (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Chap. 6, p. 497-530.
  10. R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, "Applications of slow light in telecommunications," Opt. Photonics News 17, 18-22 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Burzio, P. Cinato, R. Finotti, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, and L. Zucchelli, "Optical cell synchronization in an ATM optical switch," in Proc. ECOC �??94, Florence, Italy, 2, 581-584 (1994).
  12. L. Zucchelli, M. Burzio, and P. Gambini, "New solutions for optical packet delineation and synchronization in optical packet switched networks," in Proc. ECOC �??96, Oslo, Norway, 3, 301-304 (1996).
  13. K. Shimizu, G. Kalogerakis, K. Wong, M. Marhic, and L. Kazovsky, "Timing jitter and amplitude noise reduction by a chirped pulsed-pump fiber OPA," in Proc. OFC �??03, Anaheim, USA, 1, 197-198 (2003).
  14. J. van Howe and C. Xu, "Ultrafast optical delay line using soliton propagation between a time-prism pair," Opt. Express 13, 1138-1143 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Oda and A. Maruta, "All-optical tunable delay line based on soliton self-frequency shift and filtering broadened spectrum due to self-phase modulation," Opt. Express 14, 7895-7902 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. C. Christen, I. Fazal, O. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. Fejer, "Tunable 105-ns optical delay for 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK, 40-Gbit/s RZ-DPSK, and 40-Gbit/s RZ-OOK signals using wavelength conversion and chromatic dispersion," Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OTuD1 (2008).
  18. J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, "12.47 ns continuously-tunable two-pump parametric delay," European Conference on Optical Communications, paper Th4.4.3 (2006).
  20. M. P. Fok and C. Shu, "Tunable optical delay using four-wave mixing in a 35-cm highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber and group velocity dispersion," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 499-504 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable optical delays via self-phase modulation and dispersion," Opt. Express 14, 12022-12027 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Z. Hu and D. J. Blumenthal, "SPM-based 2R regenerative 10Gbps optically linearly controlled delay line with 0ps to 170ps tuning range," in Proc. OFC �??07, Anaheim, USA, OME4 (2007).
  23. Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, and A. L. Gaeta, "Continuous tunable delays at 10-Gb/s data rates using self-phase modulation and dispersion," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3710-3715 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15, 12949-12958 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 4357-4362 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Yariv, D. Fekete, and D. M. Pepper, "Compensation for channel dispersion by nonlinear optical phase conjugation," Opt. Lett. 4, 52-54 (1979).
  28. S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, Boston, 1989).
  30. M. Tsang and D. Psaltis, "Dispersion and nonlinearity compensation by spectral phase conjugation," Opt. Lett. 28, 1558-1560 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  31. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley Interscience, New York, 2002).
  32. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta (in preparation).

2008

2007

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, and A. L. Gaeta, "Continuous tunable delays at 10-Gb/s data rates using self-phase modulation and dispersion," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3710-3715 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15, 12949-12958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2003

2001

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, "Bottlenecks in next generation DWDM-based optical networks," Comput. Commun. 24, 1726-1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for Terabit/Second Optical Transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1979

Ayotte, S.

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, "Applications of slow light in telecommunications," Opt. Photonics News 17, 18-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, E.

Cohen, O.

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Corral, J. L.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dhodhi, M. K.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, "Bottlenecks in next generation DWDM-based optical networks," Comput. Commun. 24, 1726-1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fekete, D.

Fok, M. P.

Foster, M. A.

Fuster, J. M.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. E.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gauthier, D. J.

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, "Applications of slow light in telecommunications," Opt. Photonics News 17, 18-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Jalali, B.

Laming, R. I.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

Lipson, M.

Manolatou, C.

Marti, J.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maruta, A.

Mudhana, G.

Na, J. H.

Oda, S.

Okawachi, Y.

Paniccia, M. J.

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, G. N.

Pepper, D. M.

Psaltis, D.

Ridley, K. D.

Rong, H.

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, Y.

Saleh, K. A.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, "Bottlenecks in next generation DWDM-based optical networks," Comput. Commun. 24, 1726-1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for Terabit/Second Optical Transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 4357-4362 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 4357-4362 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable optical delays via self-phase modulation and dispersion," Opt. Express 14, 12022-12027 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Tariq, S.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, "Bottlenecks in next generation DWDM-based optical networks," Comput. Commun. 24, 1726-1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, M.

Turner, A. C.

van Howe, J.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willetts, D. V.

Willner, A. E.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Xu, S.

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Yu, C.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Comput. Commun.

M. K. Dhodhi, S. Tariq, and K. A. Saleh, "Bottlenecks in next generation DWDM-based optical networks," Comput. Commun. 24, 1726-1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for Terabit/Second Optical Transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photonics News

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, "Applications of slow light in telecommunications," Opt. Photonics News 17, 18-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. E. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. C. Christen, I. Fazal, O. Yilmaz, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. Fejer, "Tunable 105-ns optical delay for 80-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK, 40-Gbit/s RZ-DPSK, and 40-Gbit/s RZ-OOK signals using wavelength conversion and chromatic dispersion," Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OTuD1 (2008).

J. Ren, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, R. E. Saperstein, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, "12.47 ns continuously-tunable two-pump parametric delay," European Conference on Optical Communications, paper Th4.4.3 (2006).

Z. Hu and D. J. Blumenthal, "SPM-based 2R regenerative 10Gbps optically linearly controlled delay line with 0ps to 170ps tuning range," in Proc. OFC �??07, Anaheim, USA, OME4 (2007).

M. Burzio, P. Cinato, R. Finotti, P. Gambini, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, and L. Zucchelli, "Optical cell synchronization in an ATM optical switch," in Proc. ECOC �??94, Florence, Italy, 2, 581-584 (1994).

L. Zucchelli, M. Burzio, and P. Gambini, "New solutions for optical packet delineation and synchronization in optical packet switched networks," in Proc. ECOC �??96, Oslo, Norway, 3, 301-304 (1996).

K. Shimizu, G. Kalogerakis, K. Wong, M. Marhic, and L. Kazovsky, "Timing jitter and amplitude noise reduction by a chirped pulsed-pump fiber OPA," in Proc. OFC �??03, Anaheim, USA, 1, 197-198 (2003).

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "�??Slow�?? and �??fast�?? light," Progress in Optics 43, edited by E. Wolf (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Chap. 6, p. 497-530.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, Boston, 1989).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley Interscience, New York, 2002).

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta (in preparation).

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