Abstract

We report on highly reproducible low-loss fusion splicing of polarization-maintaining single-mode fibers (PM-SMFs) and hollow-core photonic crystal fibers (HC-PCFs). The PM-SMF-to-HC-PCF splices are characterized by the loss of 0.62 ± 0.24 dB, and polarization extinction ratio of 19 ± 0.68 dB. The reciprocal HC-PCF-to-PM-SMF splice loss is found to be 2.19 ± 0.33 dB, which is caused by the mode evolution in HC-PCF. The return loss in both cases was measured to be �??14 dB. We show that a splice defect is caused by the HC-PCF cleave defect, and the lossy splice can be predicted at an early stage of the splicing process. We also demonstrate that the higher splice loss compromises the PM properties of the splice. Our splicing technique was successfully applied to the realization of a low-loss, environmentally stable monolithic PM fiber laser pulse compressor, enabling direct end-of-the-fiber femtosecond pulse delivery.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (3)

2006 (5)

2005 (3)

F. Poletti, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "The effect of core asymmetries on the polarization properties of hollow core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 9115-9124 (2005)
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature (London) 434, 488-491 (2005)
[CrossRef]

C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, T. P. Hansen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gbit/s transmission over air-guiding photonic bandgap fibre at 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 27-29 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, "CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990-996 (1980)
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflections at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007)
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature (London) 434, 488-491 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature (London) 434, 488-491 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Corwin, K. L.

Couny, F.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflections at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007)
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature (London) 434, 488-491 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

Hall, G. E.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, "CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990-996 (1980)
[CrossRef]

Hansen, T. P.

T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. C. Petersen, T. Sørensen, T. P. Hansen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 4080-4087 (2006)
[CrossRef]

C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, T. P. Hansen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gbit/s transmission over air-guiding photonic bandgap fibre at 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 27-29 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, T. P. Hansen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gbit/s transmission over air-guiding photonic bandgap fibre at 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 27-29 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, "CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990-996 (1980)
[CrossRef]

Knabe, K.

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature (London) 434, 488-491 (2005)
[CrossRef]

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Larr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003)

Larr, F.

Light, P. S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflections at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Luan, F.

Ludvigsen, H.

Mangan, B. J.

Monro, T. M.

Noda, J.

Nolte, S.

Okamoto, K.

Ortac¸, B.

Petersen, J. C.

Peucheret, C.

C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, T. P. Hansen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gbit/s transmission over air-guiding photonic bandgap fibre at 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 27-29 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Pl¨otner, M.

Poletti, F.

Richardson, D. J.

Ritari, T.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sabert, H.

Sala, K. L.

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, "CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990-996 (1980)
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

Schreiber, T.

Shirakawa, A.

Simonsen, H. R.

Sørensen, T.

T¨unnermann, A.

Takada, K.

Tanisho, M.

Thapa, R.

Tuominen, J.

Ueda, K.

Wang, Y.

Washburn, B. R.

Xiao, L.

Zellmer, H.

Zhao, C. L.

Zsigri, B.

C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, T. P. Hansen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gbit/s transmission over air-guiding photonic bandgap fibre at 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 27-29 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, T. P. Hansen, and P. Jeppesen, "10 Gbit/s transmission over air-guiding photonic bandgap fibre at 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 27-29 (2005)
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. L. Sala, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, and G. E. Hall, "CW autocorrelation measurements of picosecond laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 990-996 (1980)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflections at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (London) (1)

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Nature (London) 434, 488-491 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

X. Yu, X. Zheng, and H. Zhang, "PMD measurement of hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber by investigating power penalty of optically generated microwave signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 279-281 (2007) 12. http://www.nufern.com/specsheets/pm980130014xx1550hp.pdf

http://www.crystal-fibre.com/datasheets/HC-1060-02.pdfQ1

R. K. Olsson, T. V. Andersen, L. Leick, V. Levitan, P. Uhd Jepsen, and D. Turchinovich, "Femtosecond allpolarization- maintaining fiber laser operating at 1028 nm," Proc. SPIE 7022, 70221E-1-5 (2008)

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