Abstract

We propose a method to generate broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating in the multi-cycle regime. The polarization gating at 1600 nm is employed to intensify the ellipticity dependence of high harmonic signal, and the adding second harmonic (SH) field is used for modulating ionization ratio between the driving field half-cycles. It is shown that longer driving pulses (6 optical cycles, 32.4 fs) can be applied to confine the efficient recollision of electron wave packet to half an optical cycle. The produced bandwidth of the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) supercontinuum is about 280 eV, corresponding to a fourier-transform-limited pulse of 10 as. In addition, an attosecond pulse of about 100 as with tunable wavelength can be straightforwardly obtained just by filtering different range of the spectrum.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. H. Bucksbaum, "The Future of Attosecond Spectroscopy," Science 317, 766-769 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Gy. Farkas and Cs. Toth, "Proposal for attosecond light pulse generation using laser induced multiple-harmonic conversion processes in rare gases," Phys. Lett. A 168, 447-450 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Antoine, Anne L???uillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234-1237 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251-1254 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Baltu¢ ska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. H¢ ansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L???Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, "Attosecond Pulse Trains Generated Using Two Color Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, X. Li, X. Chen, P. Liu, H. Xiong, H. Lu, S. Zhao, P. Wei, L. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Cheng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Enhancement and broadening of extreme-ultraviolet supercontinuum in a relative phase controlled two-color laser field," Opt. Lett. 33, 234-236 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, "Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Z. Chang, "Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. V. Platonenko and V. Strelkov, "Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 030435 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. O. Tcherbakoff, E. M´evel, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, "Time-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, "Generation of the attosecond extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum by a polarization gating," J. Mod Opt. 52, 277-283 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Antoine, A. LHuillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and B. Carre, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725-1745 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, "Single attosecond pulse generation with intense mid-infrared elliptically polarized laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 32, 3224-3226 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization" Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field" Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).
  28. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, "Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  30. R. L-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, and P. Salieres, "Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  31. N. Dudovich, O. Smirnova, J. Levesqur, Y. Mairesse, M. Yu. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneve and P. B. Corkum, "Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses," Nat. Phys. 2, 781-786 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, X. Li, X. Chen, P. Liu, H. Xiong, H. Lu, S. Zhao, P. Wei, L. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Cheng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Enhancement and broadening of extreme-ultraviolet supercontinuum in a relative phase controlled two-color laser field," Opt. Lett. 33, 234-236 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, "Single attosecond pulse generation with intense mid-infrared elliptically polarized laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 32, 3224-3226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. H. Bucksbaum, "The Future of Attosecond Spectroscopy," Science 317, 766-769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, "Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, "Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L???Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, "Attosecond Pulse Trains Generated Using Two Color Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, O. Smirnova, J. Levesqur, Y. Mairesse, M. Yu. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneve and P. B. Corkum, "Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses," Nat. Phys. 2, 781-786 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. L-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, and P. Salieres, "Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, "Generation of the attosecond extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum by a polarization gating," J. Mod Opt. 52, 277-283 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, "Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Baltu¢ ska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. H¢ ansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Tcherbakoff, E. M´evel, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, "Time-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

V. Platonenko and V. Strelkov, "Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 030435 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

P. Antoine, Anne L???uillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, A. LHuillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and B. Carre, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725-1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization" Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

Gy. Farkas and Cs. Toth, "Proposal for attosecond light pulse generation using laser induced multiple-harmonic conversion processes in rare gases," Phys. Lett. A 168, 447-450 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field" Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Abel, M. J.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ammesov, M. V.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field" Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, Anne L???uillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, A. LHuillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and B. Carre, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725-1745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aug, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baik, M-G.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, "Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baltu, A.

A. Baltu¢ ska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. H¢ ansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bammer, F.

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

P. H. Bucksbaum, "The Future of Attosecond Spectroscopy," Science 317, 766-769 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, "Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cao,, W.

P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, "Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, "Generation of the attosecond extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum by a polarization gating," J. Mod Opt. 52, 277-283 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Charalambidis, D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Cheng, Y.

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
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E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
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N. Dudovich, O. Smirnova, J. Levesqur, Y. Mairesse, M. Yu. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneve and P. B. Corkum, "Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses," Nat. Phys. 2, 781-786 (2006).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
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P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
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P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
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P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, "Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801 (2007).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
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Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
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T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
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K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, "Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
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T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
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E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
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T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
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J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L???Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, "Attosecond Pulse Trains Generated Using Two Color Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
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R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, "Generation of the attosecond extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum by a polarization gating," J. Mod Opt. 52, 277-283 (2005).
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N. Dudovich, O. Smirnova, J. Levesqur, Y. Mairesse, M. Yu. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneve and P. B. Corkum, "Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses," Nat. Phys. 2, 781-786 (2006).
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Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strelkov, V.

V. Platonenko and V. Strelkov, "Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 030435 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tcherbakoff, O.

O. Tcherbakoff, E. M´evel, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, "Time-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
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Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Gy. Farkas and Cs. Toth, "Proposal for attosecond light pulse generation using laser induced multiple-harmonic conversion processes in rare gases," Phys. Lett. A 168, 447-450 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzallas, P.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, "Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneve, D. M.

N. Dudovich, O. Smirnova, J. Levesqur, Y. Mairesse, M. Yu. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneve and P. B. Corkum, "Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses," Nat. Phys. 2, 781-786 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, "Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wei, P.

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Witte, K.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, H.

Xu, Z.

Yakovlev, V.

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond Control and Measurement:Lightwave Electronics," Science 317, 769-775 (2007).
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Zeng, Z.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, S.

Zheng, Y.

J. Mod Opt.

B. Shan, S. Ghimire, and Z. Chang, "Generation of the attosecond extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum by a polarization gating," J. Mod Opt. 52, 277-283 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

V. Platonenko and V. Strelkov, "Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 030435 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

N. Dudovich, O. Smirnova, J. Levesqur, Y. Mairesse, M. Yu. Ivanov, D. M. Villeneve and P. B. Corkum, "Measuring and controlling the birth of attosecond XUV pulses," Nat. Phys. 2, 781-786 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. Baltu¢ ska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. H¢ ansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (London)

R. Klenberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427, 817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature(London)

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature(London) 426, 267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature(London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

Gy. Farkas and Cs. Toth, "Proposal for attosecond light pulse generation using laser induced multiple-harmonic conversion processes in rare gases," Phys. Lett. A 168, 447-450 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

Z. Chang, "Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu,W. Cao,Y. Li, and X.  Wang, "Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 76, 011402(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, "Attosecond ionization gating for isolated attosecond electron wave packet and broadband attosecond xuv pulses," Phys. Rev. A 76, 051801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, "Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, "Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Tcherbakoff, E. M´evel, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, "Time-gated high-order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
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P. Antoine, A. LHuillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and B. Carre, "Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field," Phys. Rev. A 53, 1725-1745 (1996).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, "Double Optical Gating of High-Order Harmonic Generation with Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilized Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
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Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carrec, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, "Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays" Science 302, 1540-1543 (2003).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Harmonic spectra generated by pure polarization gating at 1600 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time-Frequency analysis of harmonic response in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Harmonic spectra generated by the modulated polarization gating.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Time-frequency analysis of the harmonic response in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The temporal profiles of the attosecond pulse by selected the harmonics from 350th order to 400th order. The left and right subpulse correspond to the contributions from the short and long trajectories respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal profiles of the attosecond pulses generated by harmonics with different central wavelengths. The bandwidth of the selected harmonics is about 40 eV.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Dependence of the population of ground state on pulse duration and intensity. Intensity ratio of SH field is set to 5%. Fundamental field wavelength is (a)800 nm and (b) 1600 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Dependence of ionization ratio Aion between two adjacent half optical cycle on Ig and I 1/Ig , where Aion is expressed in logarithmic scale. Fundamental laser parameters: (a) 4 optical cycles, 800 nm, (b) 6 optical cycles, 1600 nm.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E x , ω ( t ) = E 0 ( e 2 ln ( 2 ) ( ( t T d 2 ) τ p ) 2 + e 2 ln ( 2 ) ( ( t + T d 2 ) τ p ) 2 ) cos ( ω t + ϕ CE ) x .
E y , ω ( t ) = E 0 ( e 2 ln ( 2 ) ( ( t T d 2 ) τ p ) 2 e 2 ln ( 2 ) ( ( t + T d 2 ) τ p ) 2 ) sin ( ω t + ϕ CE ) y .
E x , 2 ω = a 2 ω E 0 e 2 ln ( 2 ) [ ( T d 2 ) 2 τ p 2 ] e 2 ln ( 2 ) ( t 2 τ 2 ω 2 ) cos ( 2 ω t + 2 ϕ CE + φ 2 ω ) x .
δ t = 1 ln ( 2 ) ε τ p 2 T d .

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