Abstract

We present an octave-spanning Ti:sapphire oscillator supporting Fourier-limited pulses as short as 3.7 fs. This laser system can be directly CEO-phase stabilized delivering an average output power of about 90mW with a pulse duration of 4.4 fs. The phase-stabilization is realized without additional spectral broadening using an f-2f interferometer approach allowing for full control of the electric pulse field on a sub-femtosecond time-scale.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kartner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Spectroscopic Optical Coherence Tomography," Opt. Lett. 25, 111-113 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution towards single-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Jirauschek, L. Duan, O. D. Mucke, F. X. Kartner, M. Wegener, and U. Morgner, "Carrierenvelope phase-sensitive inversion in two-level systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2065-2075 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kartner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  13. U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. O. Mucke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J-W. Kim, J. Birge, L. Matos and F. X. Kartner "Self-Referenced 200 MHz Octave-Spanning Ti:Sapphire Laser with 50 Attosecond Carrier-Envelope Phase Phase Jitter," Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcao-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kartner "Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 833-835 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electricfield reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24, 1314-1316 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, N. Meiser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Few-Cycle Femtosecond Waveform Synthesizer," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CFA6 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (3)

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution towards single-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

C. Jirauschek, L. Duan, O. D. Mucke, F. X. Kartner, M. Wegener, and U. Morgner, "Carrierenvelope phase-sensitive inversion in two-level systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2065-2075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Mucke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J-W. Kim, J. Birge, L. Matos and F. X. Kartner "Self-Referenced 200 MHz Octave-Spanning Ti:Sapphire Laser with 50 Attosecond Carrier-Envelope Phase Phase Jitter," Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kartner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angelow, G.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhat, R. D. R.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Binhammer, T.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution towards single-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J.

Birge, J. R.

Burgdorfer, J.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crespo, H. M.

Cundiff, S. T.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dombi, P.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorner, R.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

Duan, L.

Ell, R.

Ergler, T.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kartner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Spectroscopic Optical Coherence Tomography," Opt. Lett. 25, 111-113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

Gibbs, H. M.

Gimpel, H.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansch, T. W.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Ippen, E. P.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kartner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Spectroscopic Optical Coherence Tomography," Opt. Lett. 25, 111-113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jirauschek, C.

K¨artner, F. X.

Kakehata, M.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartner, F. X.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution towards single-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Mucke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J-W. Kim, J. Birge, L. Matos and F. X. Kartner "Self-Referenced 200 MHz Octave-Spanning Ti:Sapphire Laser with 50 Attosecond Carrier-Envelope Phase Phase Jitter," Opt. Express 13, 5163-5169 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jirauschek, L. Duan, O. D. Mucke, F. X. Kartner, M. Wegener, and U. Morgner, "Carrierenvelope phase-sensitive inversion in two-level systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2065-2075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kartner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kartner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Spectroscopic Optical Coherence Tomography," Opt. Lett. 25, 111-113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Khitrova, G.

Kim, J. W.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J-W.

Krausz, F.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kre??, M.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuzucu, O.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lawall, J. R.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemell, Ch.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

Loffler, T.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marian, A.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matos, L.

Matuschek, N.

Metzler, G.

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morgner, U.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution towards single-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Jirauschek, L. Duan, O. D. Mucke, F. X. Kartner, M. Wegener, and U. Morgner, "Carrierenvelope phase-sensitive inversion in two-level systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2065-2075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mucke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kartner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160-2162 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kartner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Spectroscopic Optical Coherence Tomography," Opt. Lett. 25, 111-113 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moshammer, R.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mucke, O.

Mucke, O. D.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pipis, J. A.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Pitris, C.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priori, E.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rittweger, E.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Spectral phase control and temporal superresolution towards single-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 1552-1554 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roos, P. A.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Roskos, H. G.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheuer, V.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882-885 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stowe, M. C.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

Tempea, G.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M. D.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tritschler, T.

Tschudi, T.

Udem, Th.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

Winter, A.

Yakovlev, V. S

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zrost, K.

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Prism-based pulse shaper for octave spanning spectra," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552-1557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. (1)

T. R. Schibli, O. Kuzucu, J. W. Kim, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. K¨artner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, "Towards Single-Cycle Laser Systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Opt. 9, 990-1001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

P. A. Roos, X. Li, J. A. Pipis, T. M. Fortier, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Characterization of carrier-envelope phase-sensitive photocurrent injection in a semiconductor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 362-368 (2005)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Kre??, T. Loffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dorner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, "Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of fewcycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy," Nat. Phys. 2, 327-331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, "Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses," Nature 414, 182-184 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, Th. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, Th. W. Hansch and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of optical waveforms,"New J. Phys. 7, 116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G. G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdorfer, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Morgner, R. Ell, G. Metzler, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kartner, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Nonlinear Optics with Phase-Controlled Pulses in the Sub-Two-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5462-5465 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, "United Time-Frequency Spectroscopy for Dynamics and Global Structure," Science 306, 2063-2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, N. Meiser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Morgner, "Few-Cycle Femtosecond Waveform Synthesizer," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CFA6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic optical setup of the octave-spanning Ti:sapphire oscillator; BD: beam dump, L: focusing lens, M1–M7: dispersion compensating mirrors (DCMs), OC: output-coupling mirror, P: BaF2 plate, PM: pump aligning mirror, W1/W2: BaF2 wedge pair, X: Ti:sapphire crystal.

Fig. 2. A)
Fig. 2. A)

Octave-spanning optical output spectrum supporting Fourier-limited pulses as short as 3.7 fs, shown on a linear (left axis) and logarithmic scale (right axis). B) Pulse intensity profile and temporal phase measured with SPIDER, revealing pulse durations as short as 4.3 fs.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CEO-frequency f-2f measurment setup; APD: avalanche photodiode detector, DBS: dichroic beam splitter, F: IR-filter, L: focusing lens, M: silver mirror, MCF: multichroic transmission filter, WP: wave plate (λ/4), X: LBO crystal.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF-frequency measurement; A) Frequency scan showing the laser’s repetition rate frep and the fCEO beat signals, which exhibit a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of approx. 30 dB; RBW: 100 kHz. B) Zoomed-in stabilized CEO-frequency needle with a SNR of 60 dB; RBW: 1Hz.

Fig. 5. A)
Fig. 5. A)

Reflected residual spectrum remaining for experiments after extracting the spectral parts for the f-2f measurement, supporting a Fourier-limited pulse duration as short as 3.9 fs, plotted together with the measured spectral phase. B) Pulse intensity profile and temporal phase (measured with SPIDER) for the phase stabilized pulses revealing a pulse duration as short as 4.4 fs.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Electric field of the CEO-phase stabilized 4.4 fs-pulse from Fig. 5(B). Inlay A) Magnified field maximum with assumed zero CEO-phase; B) Assumed CEO-phase of π/2.

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