Abstract

We demonstrate the use of a compact surface plasmon (SP) microcavity formed in a 300 nm thick gold film to resonantly enhance the optical transmission through a subwavelength slit. Focussed ion beam milling is used to create 200 nm deep SP microcavities, with widths between 800 nm to 1300 nm, each with a 180 nm slit in its center. The experimentally-measured TM polarized optical transmission has a wavelength-dependent peak that has similarities with finite-difference time-domain calculations in terms of peak-position and enhancement factors of peak transmission. The calculations show, by observing the near-field distributions, the interaction between the SP microcavity standing waves and the slit to create enhanced transmission. The SP microcavity demonstrated here is easily fabricated and may be optimized for future applications in surface-enhanced Raman scattering, nonlinear optics and surface plasmon resonance sensors.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Marthandam and R. Gordon, "Plasmonic Bragg reflectors for enhanced extraordinary optical transmission through nano-hole arrays in a gold film," Opt. Express 15, 12995-13002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. M. Lee, J. Jung, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, "Dispersion characteristics of channel plasmon polariton waveguides with step-trench-type grooves," Opt. Express 15, 16596-16603 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, "Modeling of complementary (void) plasmon waveguiding," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2547-2562 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  14. Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, "Plasmonic transmission lines: from micro to nano scale with ?/4 impedance matching," Opt. Express 15, 6762-6767, (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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  22. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair, "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (12)

C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Marthandam and R. Gordon, "Plasmonic Bragg reflectors for enhanced extraordinary optical transmission through nano-hole arrays in a gold film," Opt. Express 15, 12995-13002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. Lee, J. Jung, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, "Dispersion characteristics of channel plasmon polariton waveguides with step-trench-type grooves," Opt. Express 15, 16596-16603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, "Modeling of complementary (void) plasmon waveguiding," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2547-2562 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Satuby and M. Orenstein, "Surface-Plasmon-Polariton modes in deep metallic trenches- measurement and analysis," Opt. Express 15, 4247-4252 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Slow-plasmon resonant nanostructures: Scattering and ??eld enhancements," Phys. Rev. B 75, 073402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, "Plasmonic transmission lines: from micro to nano scale with ?/4 impedance matching," Opt. Express 15, 6762-6767, (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair, "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, "Light in a subwavelength slit in a metal: Propagation and reflection," Phys. Rev. B 73, 153405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336, (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. A. Jamid and S. J. Al-Bader, "Reflection and transmission of surface plasmon mode at a step discontinuity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 220-222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Al-Bader, S. J.

H. A. Jamid and S. J. Al-Bader, "Reflection and transmission of surface plasmon mode at a step discontinuity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 220-222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baudrion, A. L.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blair, S.

F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair, "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S.

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Slow-plasmon resonant nanostructures: Scattering and ??eld enhancements," Phys. Rev. B 75, 073402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. T.

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. H.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B. L.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, T. H.

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dasari, R. R.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feigenbaum, E.

Feld, M. S.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ginzburg, P.

Gonzalez, M. U.

M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

P. Marthandam and R. Gordon, "Plasmonic Bragg reflectors for enhanced extraordinary optical transmission through nano-hole arrays in a gold film," Opt. Express 15, 12995-13002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, "Light in a subwavelength slit in a metal: Propagation and reflection," Phys. Rev. B 73, 153405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

Itzkan, I.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jamid, H. A.

H. A. Jamid and S. J. Al-Bader, "Reflection and transmission of surface plasmon mode at a step discontinuity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 220-222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

Kavanagh, K. L.

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kneipp, H.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, K.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, L. K. S.

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, S. C.

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, M. J.

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leathem, B.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lee, I. M.

Lee, S. C.

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lesuffleur, A.

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lim, L. E. N.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair, "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G. W.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mahdavi, F.

F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair, "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marthandam, P.

Martin-Moreno, L.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moffitt, M. G.

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orenstein, M.

Park, J.

Pellerin, K. M.

Perriat, P.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

Riordon, J.

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roux, S.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Satuby, Y.

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shi, H.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Søndergaard, T.

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Slow-plasmon resonant nanostructures: Scattering and ??eld enhancements," Phys. Rev. B 75, 073402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tillement, O.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, M. W.

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J. C.

M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Stepanov, J. C. Weeber, A. Hohenau, A. Dereux, R. Quidant, and J. R. Krenn, "Analysis of the angular acceptance of surface plasmon Bragg mirrors," Opt. Lett. 32, 2704-2706 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. Z.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. L.

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl Phys B-Lasers (1)

Y. Q. Fu, W. Zhou, L. E. N. Lim, C. Du, H. Shi, C. Wang, and X. Luo, "Influence of V-shaped plasmonic nanostructures on beam propagation," Appl Phys B-Lasers 86, 461-466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Chang, T. H. Chuang, M. W. Tsai, M. J. Lai, and S. C. Lee, "Observation of Fabry-Perot-type surface plasmon on Ag film with perforated short-range 3x3 hole array arranged in long-range periodic structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 253106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Lu, B. L. Cheng, H. Shen, Y. L. Zhou, Z. H. Chen, G. Z. Yang, O. Tillement, S. Roux, and P. Perriat, "Fabry-Perot type sensor with surface plasmon resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223904 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Ultrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy, " Chem. Rev. 99, 2957 - 2976 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. A. Jamid and S. J. Al-Bader, "Reflection and transmission of surface plasmon mode at a step discontinuity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 220-222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J Phys Chem C (1)

A. Lesuffleur, L. K. S. Kumar, A. G. Brolo, K. L. Kavanagh, and R. Gordon, "Apex-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using double-hole arrays in a gold film," J Phys Chem C 111, 2347-2350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

A. G. Brolo, S. C. Kwok, M. G. Moffitt, R. Gordon, J. Riordon, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Enhanced Fluorescence from Arrays of Nanoholes in a Gold Film," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14936-14941 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Langmuir (1)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra," Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45 circle surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phys. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical-Constants of Noble-Metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Slow-plasmon resonant nanostructures: Scattering and ??eld enhancements," Phys. Rev. B 75, 073402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, "Light in a subwavelength slit in a metal: Propagation and reflection," Phys. Rev. B 73, 153405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of highly directional emission from a single subwavelength aperture surrounded by surface corrugations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

F. Mahdavi, Y. Liu, and S. Blair, "Modeling fluorescence enhancement from metallic nanocavities," Plasmonics 2, 129-141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Lumerical Solutions, Inc., http://www.lumerical.com.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope image of w=1300 nm wide SP microcavity (200 nm depth) with central slit (180 nm width, 100 nm depth) and a schematic representation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured transmission spectra for different surface plasmon microcavity widths.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

FDTD calculated transmission spectra, normalized to power incident on slit, for different SP microcavity widths.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transverse magnetic field (perpendicular to imaging plane) profile of 1300 nm structure for three wavelengths: (a) 640 nm, (b) 730 nm and (c) 840 nm. Scale bar is the same for all three images.

Metrics