Abstract

All-optical cross-phase modulation through the intersubband transition in an InGaAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum well was examined by using a sinusoidal intensity-modulated pump. For probe waves in the wavelength range of 1330–1620 nm and a pump modulation at a repetition rate of 76 GHz, cross-phase modulation (XPM) occurred with an efficiency η, of 0.653-0.142 rad/W. Based on the efficiency we derived a transfer function for the intersubband transition (ISBT) modulator that can be conveniently used in simulating the characteristics of the modulated output (probe) for long excitation pulses with arbitrary waveforms.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, "All-optical switch utilizing intersubband transition in GaN quantum wells," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765-771 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, "Nonlinear all-optical GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-well devices for 100 Gb/s applications at ?=1.55 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.
  11. S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).
  13. R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Nagase, M. T.  Simoyama, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Intersubband transitions in InGaAs/AlAsSb coupled double quantum wells with InAlAs coupling barriers," Proceedings of the International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, IEEE Piscataway, New Jersey, 2007, pp. 502-505.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, and K.-I. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinuum light source," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, "Timing jitter eater for optical pulse trains," Opt. Lett. 28, 78-80 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2007 (5)

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, and K.-I. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinuum light source," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, "All-optical switch utilizing intersubband transition in GaN quantum wells," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765-771 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, "Nonlinear all-optical GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-well devices for 100 Gb/s applications at ?=1.55 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

2003 (2)

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, "Timing jitter eater for optical pulse trains," Opt. Lett. 28, 78-80 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, "Higher order FM mode locking for pulse-repetition-rate enhancement in actively mode-locked lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875-890 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

E. J. Greer and K. Smith, "All-optical FM mode-locking of fiber laser," Elect. Lett. 28, 1741-1743 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, "Higher order FM mode locking for pulse-repetition-rate enhancement in actively mode-locked lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875-890 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, R.

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Akita, K.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharyya, A.

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biermann, K.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cong, G. W.

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Ema, K.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gopal, A. V.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Greer, E. J.

E. J. Greer and K. Smith, "All-optical FM mode-locking of fiber laser," Elect. Lett. 28, 1741-1743 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

Grimm, C. V.-B.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hamazaki, J.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hasama, T.

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Haus, H. A.

Helm, M.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hyodo, M.

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, "Higher order FM mode locking for pulse-repetition-rate enhancement in actively mode-locked lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875-890 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iizuka, N.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, "All-optical switch utilizing intersubband transition in GaN quantum wells," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765-771 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, H.

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Jiang, L. A.

Kanazawa, H.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, K.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, "All-optical switch utilizing intersubband transition in GaN quantum wells," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765-771 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, J.

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, J.-I.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

Khurgin, J. B.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, "Nonlinear all-optical GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-well devices for 100 Gb/s applications at ?=1.55 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, A.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kishino, K.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.-I.

Kunugita, H.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Künzel, H.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuri, T.

Li, B. S.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, C. G.

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, S.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moustakas, T. D.

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mozume, T.

H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Nagase, M.

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Nakasyotani, T.

Namiki, S.

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, N.

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, "Higher order FM mode locking for pulse-repetition-rate enhancement in actively mode-locked lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875-890 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paiella, R.

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priegnitz, M.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, A.

S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, H.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimoyama, T.

H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simoyama, T.

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

E. J. Greer and K. Smith, "All-optical FM mode-locking of fiber laser," Elect. Lett. 28, 1741-1743 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, "Nonlinear all-optical GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-well devices for 100 Gb/s applications at ?=1.55 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, "Nonlinear all-optical GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-well devices for 100 Gb/s applications at ?=1.55 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, "All-optical switch utilizing intersubband transition in GaN quantum wells," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765-771 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tachibana, T.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomidis, C.

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toda, H.

Tsuchida, H.

H. Tsuchida, T. Shimoyama, H. Ishikawa, T. Mozume, and M. Nagase, "Cross-phase-modulation-based wavelength conversion using intersubband transition in InGaAs/AlAs/AlAsSb coupled quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 32, 751-753 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uemura, T.

S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Winnerl, S.

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, T.

S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, "Nonlinear all-optical GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-well devices for 100 Gb/s applications at ?=1.55 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Ultrafast intersubband relaxation and nonlinear susceptibility at 1.55 µm in GaN/AlN multiple-quantum wells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102-1104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. V.-B. Grimm, M. Priegnitz, S. Winnerl, H. Schneider, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, "Intersubband relaxation dynamics in single and double quantum wells based on strained InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, "Subpicosecond saturation of intersubband absorption in (CdS/ZnSe)/BeTe quantum-well waveguides at telecommunication wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, T. Simoyama, H. Tsuchida, S. Namiki, C. G. Lim, M. Nagase, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "All-optical demultiplexing of 160 - 10 Gbit/s signals with Mach-Zehnder interferometric switch utilizing intersubband transition in InGaAs / AlAs / AlAsSb quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 221115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E (1)

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J.-I. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, "Ultrafast all-optical switching and modulation using intersubband transition in coupled quantum well structures," IEIECE Trans. Electron E 87-C, 1134-1141 (2004).

Elect. Lett. (1)

E. J. Greer and K. Smith, "All-optical FM mode-locking of fiber laser," Elect. Lett. 28, 1741-1743 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, "All-optical switch utilizing intersubband transition in GaN quantum wells," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765-771 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, "Higher order FM mode locking for pulse-repetition-rate enhancement in actively mode-locked lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875-890 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, "InGaAs-AlAs-AlAsSb coupled quantum well intersubband transition all-optical switch with low switching energy for OTDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363-1365 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Noda, T. Uemura, T. Yamashita, and A. Sasaki, "All-optical modulation using an n-doped quantum-well structure," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 6529-6531 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Ishikawa, H. Tsuchida, K. S. Abedin, T. Shimoyama, T. Mozume, M. Nagase, R. Akimoto, T. Miyazaki, and T. Hasama, "Ultrafast all-optical refractive index modulation in intersubband transition switch using InGaAs/AlAs/ AlAsSb quantum wells," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L157-L160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express. (1)

Y. Li, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, T. D. Moustakas, and R. Paiella, "Nonlinear optical waveguides based on near-infrared intersubband transitions in GaN/AlN quantum wells," Opt. Express. 15, 5860-5865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

G. W. Cong, R. Akimoto, M. NagaseT. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Mechanism of ultrafast modulation of refractive index of photoexcited InGaAs/AlAsSb quantum well waveguides," submitted to Phys. Rev. B.

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics, 2nd edition, (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995).

Nagase, M. T.  Simoyama, T. Mozume, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, "Intersubband transitions in InGaAs/AlAsSb coupled double quantum wells with InAlAs coupling barriers," Proceedings of the International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, IEEE Piscataway, New Jersey, 2007, pp. 502-505.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The InGaAs/AlAsSb intersubband coupled double quantum well waveguide device. a) Growth structure. b) Waveguide mesa structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup used for characterization of XPM effect in ISBT quantum well device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra (normalized) of the output probe signal that was cross-phase modulated by a backward-propagating 76-GHz sinusoidal intensity-modulated pump wave at 1552 nm. The average pump power was 70 mW (peak 140 mW). The frequency spacing between the carrier and sidebands is 76 GHz. η is the cross-phase modulation efficiency.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase retardation of a 1504 nm probe wave plotted as a function of peak pump power. Blue circles: forward pump only. Green circle: with forward (140 mW) and backward (86 mW) pump powers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Normalized spectrum (gray line) of the output probe that was modulated with a periodic train of dual picosecond pulses, as depicted in the inset. The blue points correspond to that calculated using the parameters τ=2.9 ps, Td =9.5 ps, To =100 ps and η=0.218 rad/W and Po =0.74 W.

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