Abstract

A reflection-type Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) with a large tunability has been demonstrated on relaxor ferroelectric poly(vinylidenefluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene-trifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-CTFE-TrFE)] 78.9/13.9/7.2 mol% with a thickness of 9.2 µm. The optical path length of the FPI is modulated by the electrostrictive strain of the terpolymer under electric field, where the low-loss distributed Bragg reflector and aluminium film are employed as the mirrors in the FPI. A positive strain of 20% has been achieved in the terpolymer film under a field of 30 MV/m, which leads to the FPI with a tunable range of more than 200 nm at wavelengths around 680 nm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
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T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, J. Claude, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "Microstructures and Dielectric Properties of the Ferroelectric Fluoropolymers Synthesized via reductive Dechlorination of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)s," Macromolecules 39, 6962-6968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. J. Klein, F. Xia, and Q. M. Zhang, "Influence of composition on relaxor ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylenechlorofluoroethylene," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 094105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Jerman, Z. H. Qiao, and D. Mergel, "Refractive index of thin films of SiO2, ZrO2, and HfO2 as a function of the films??? mass density," Appl. Opt. 44, 3006-3012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y.-H. Ye, and Q. M. Zhang, "Electrical tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer using a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 21, 4857-4859 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Casasini and C. M. Roland, "Electromechanical Properties of Poly(vinylidene fluoridetrifluoroethylene) Networks," J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1975-1984 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, "Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry-Perot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 153-154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, K. K. Li, V. Fuflyigin, H. Jiang, J. Zhao, P. Norris, D. Goldstein, "Thin ferroelectric interferometer for spatial light modulations" Appl. Opt. 37, 7490-7495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

C. A. Eldering, A. Knoesen, and S. T. Kowel, "Use of Fabry-Pérot devices for the characterization of polymeric electro-optic films," J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3676-3679 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

1988

1987

1976

Ballato, J.

Bauer, F.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Belfield, K. D.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Casalini, R.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Casasini, R.

R. Casasini and C. M. Roland, "Electromechanical Properties of Poly(vinylidene fluoridetrifluoroethylene) Networks," J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1975-1984 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. Q.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. Y.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.-Y.

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Claude, J.

Y. Lu, J. Claude, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "Microstructures and Dielectric Properties of the Ferroelectric Fluoropolymers Synthesized via reductive Dechlorination of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)s," Macromolecules 39, 6962-6968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeRose, C. T.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Eldering, C. A.

C. A. Eldering, A. Knoesen, and S. T. Kowel, "Use of Fabry-Pérot devices for the characterization of polymeric electro-optic films," J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3676-3679 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S. C.

Fallahi, M.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Feldman, M. R.

Foulger, S.

Fuflyigin, V.

Gamble, R.

Gan, H. Y.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Garrett, J. T.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, D.

Guest, C. C.

Günter, P.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hau, S.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jang, S.-H.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, D.-Y.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y.-H. Ye, and Q. M. Zhang, "Electrical tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer using a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 21, 4857-4859 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jerman, M.

Jiang, H.

Ka, J.-W.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.-W.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kavarnos, G.

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kavarnos, G. J.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khan, R. U. A.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-D.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Klein, R. J.

R. J. Klein, F. Xia, and Q. M. Zhang, "Influence of composition on relaxor ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylenechlorofluoroethylene," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 094105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knoesen, A.

C. A. Eldering, A. Knoesen, and S. T. Kowel, "Use of Fabry-Pérot devices for the characterization of polymeric electro-optic films," J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3676-3679 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kowel, S. T.

C. A. Eldering, A. Knoesen, and S. T. Kowel, "Use of Fabry-Pérot devices for the characterization of polymeric electro-optic films," J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3676-3679 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O.-P.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. F.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. K.

Lissberger, P. H.

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, J. Claude, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "Microstructures and Dielectric Properties of the Ferroelectric Fluoropolymers Synthesized via reductive Dechlorination of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)s," Macromolecules 39, 6962-6968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lue, J.-T.

Luo, J. D.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mai, T.

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mallinson, S. R.

Mergel, D.

Neese, B.

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, P.

Norwood, R. A.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Olson, D.

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Qadri, S. B.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Z. H.

Rashid, A. N.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roland, C. M.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Casasini and C. M. Roland, "Electromechanical Properties of Poly(vinylidene fluoridetrifluoroethylene) Networks," J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1975-1984 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roland, D. F.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sadek, G. A.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Santangelo, P. G.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, J.-S.

Shi, Z. W.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. W.

Spiller, E.

Tapponnier, A.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thakur, M.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, "Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry-Perot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 153-154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y. Q.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ting, R. Y.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, N. M.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

Wang, Q.

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, J. Claude, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "Microstructures and Dielectric Properties of the Ferroelectric Fluoropolymers Synthesized via reductive Dechlorination of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)s," Macromolecules 39, 6962-6968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. K.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

R. J. Klein, F. Xia, and Q. M. Zhang, "Influence of composition on relaxor ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylenechlorofluoroethylene," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 094105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. S.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, "Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry-Perot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 153-154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y.-H.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y.-H. Ye, and Q. M. Zhang, "Electrical tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer using a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 21, 4857-4859 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. X.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. M.

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, J. Claude, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "Microstructures and Dielectric Properties of the Ferroelectric Fluoropolymers Synthesized via reductive Dechlorination of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)s," Macromolecules 39, 6962-6968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Klein, F. Xia, and Q. M. Zhang, "Influence of composition on relaxor ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylenechlorofluoroethylene," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 094105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y.-H. Ye, and Q. M. Zhang, "Electrical tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer using a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 21, 4857-4859 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

Zhou, L.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, "Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry-Perot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 153-154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, "Supramolecular ordered Organic Thin Films for Nonlinear Optical and Optoelectronic Applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 180-188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Ultra large and thermally stable electro-optic activities from Diels-Alder crosslinkable polymers containing BinaryChromophore Systems," Adv. Mater. 18, 3038-3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, "Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry-Perot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 153-154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y.-H. Ye, and Q. M. Zhang, "Electrical tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer using a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 21, 4857-4859 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, A. K.-Y. Jen, "Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041127 (2006)
[CrossRef]

H. Xu, Z.-Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, and G. Kavarnos, "Ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of poly.vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene terpolymer"Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

C. M. Roland, J. T. Garrett, R. Casalini, D. F. Roland, P. G. Santangelo, and S. B. Qadri, "Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties of Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymers," Chem. Mater. 16, 857-861 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "A Modular approach to Ferroelectric Polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 8120-8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. J. Klein, F. Xia, and Q. M. Zhang, "Influence of composition on relaxor ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylenechlorofluoroethylene," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 094105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, "Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer" J. Appl. Phys. 91, 316-319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Eldering, A. Knoesen, and S. T. Kowel, "Use of Fabry-Pérot devices for the characterization of polymeric electro-optic films," J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3676-3679 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Macromolecules

Y. Lu, J. Claude, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, "Microstructures and Dielectric Properties of the Ferroelectric Fluoropolymers Synthesized via reductive Dechlorination of Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)s," Macromolecules 39, 6962-6968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Part B: Polym. Phys.

R. Casasini and C. M. Roland, "Electromechanical Properties of Poly(vinylidene fluoridetrifluoroethylene) Networks," J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 40, 1975-1984 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Terpolymer Adv. Mater.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, High Electromechanical Responses in a Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene)Terpolymer Adv. Mater. 14, 1574-1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. T. Wang, J. M. Herbert, and A. M. Glass, The Applications of the Ferroelectric Polymers (Chapman and Hall, New York, 1988).

J. F. Tang, P. F. Gu, X. Liu and H. F. Li, "theoretical calculation for optical film," in Model Optical Thin Film Technology (Zhejing University Press, 2006), pp. 5-36.

M. Born and E. Wolf. Principle of Optics (Beijing: Science Press, 1978).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the reflection FPI.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Reflection spectra of the terpolymer film and the extracted refractive index. (b). Reflection spectra of the two mirrors of the FPI.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reflection spectra of the FPI at different applied voltages.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Field-induced longitudinal strain of the terpolymer film in the FPI.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ B C ] = [ cos δ i N sin δ i N sin δ cos δ ] [ 1 N s ]
R = n 0 B C n 0 B + C 2
n ( λ ) = A n + B n λ 2 + C n λ 4 + ...
k ( λ ) = A k exp ( B k λ )
2 nd cos θ + λ 2 = ( m + 1 2 ) λ m = 2 nd cos θ λ
l = ( λ 1 * λ 2 ) ( λ 2 λ 1 ) * 2 n
Δ l l = Δ λ λ Δ λ = λ Δ l l

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